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Audio Mixing to a report Caterham, Improve the Clarity of Speech. [ This article was first published in the June, 2010, issue of. This article was suggested several months ago by type writing College, Philip Fass . Sorry it took me so long to write. Article Caterham School! One of the signs of getting older is that our hearing is not as sharp as it once was. (Yes, that includes me, too, and I#8217;m still frustrated about it.) So one of the things I do in lists in essays my mixes is to be sure that I make things as clear and easy to understand as possible. But first, a bit of audio theory. We frequently think about the loudness of a sound making it understandable. Write Article! But that is only part of the solution.
All sound is how to The University composed of write a report article School two elements: volume and frequency . The volume determines how loud a sound is, the frequency determines the pitch. NOTE : Volume is also describe as #8220;levels#8221; and #8220;gain.#8221; Your choice. When someone speaks, their voice contains lots of high school Manchester different volumes and frequencies. You can easily prove this to yourself by trying to make words using just a tone generator, like the one in Bars and Tone. You will get a series of beeps, but no words. How To A Report Caterham School! Human speech is #8220;bursty.#8221; This means that each syllable is a short burst of sound. Westminster! These are the puffs we see when looking at waveforms in Final Cut#8217;s Viewer or Timeline. Singing is more #8220;steady-state.#8221; Here, for example, is a waveform of me saying: #8220;to learn more about our weekly podcasts, visit DigitalProductionBuzz dot com.#8221; Each syllable is its own puff. The two puffs at the end are #8220;dot com#8221;. But looking at how to article Caterham, a waveform only a-g requirements high Abbey shows the volume of the sound. We need to look at a frequency chart to how to write on an, see the distribution of frequencies.
Happily, Soundtrack Pro provides this as part of an Audio File project. Here is the summary spectrum analysis for the words #8220;dot com#8221;. On An School! #8220;Dot#8221; is on the left and #8220;com#8221; is on the right. This chart represents the School frequency range and characteristics of how to on an Caterham human hearing. Blue represents the frequencies at which there is no sound at that point in time Pale blue represents frequencies with some level of sound Green represents frequencies with a moderate level of write a articles The University sound Dark green represents frequencies with a significant level of sound Yellow represents frequencies with a high level of how to sound. Lists In Essays The University! Notice how the bulk of the sound is in the lower frequencies #8212; less than 500 cycles? Well, this is partly due to the fact that I#8217;m a guy. Girls have somewhat higher voices, but a surprising amount of audio is in low frequencies for both guys and girls. Notice, also, that I have almost no frequencies above about 5 kHz. Girls would max out around 8 kHz.
Remember that point, we#8217;ll come back to it. FREQUENCY MEANS DIFFERENT THINGS. Human hearing ranges from 20 cycles (so deep as to feel more like a vibration than a pitch) to 20,000 cycles (so high as to feel more like the wind than a tone); assuming we are all about 18 years old with average hearing for that age. As we get older, our hearing declines, which I have already grumped about. A Report On An Article Caterham! NOTE : Two other thoughts about getting older. First, we lose high frequency hearing first. Second, guys start to lose higher frequencies before girls do. Human speech, however, is more restricted in frequencies. Speech ranges from roughly 150 cycles to 6,000 cycles for a-g requirements high school, men, and 350 cycles to 8,000 cycles for women.
Kids are slightly higher yet. And, there is plenty of article Caterham individual variation. That which adds richness, tone, and #8220;sexiness#8221; to a voice are the lower frequencies. (This is why many radio DJ#8217;s try to in essays, pitch their voice as deep as they can.) Vowels live in the low frequencies. Consonants, however, live in the high frequencies. And it is how to write a report on an article consonants that provide diction to speech. NOTE : Someone who mumbles has almost no high-frequencies in their voice, which is article Westminster School why they are so hard to understand. How To Article Caterham! It isn#8217;t just volume, it#8217;s pitch. I read somewhere that the difference between the letter #8220; F #8221; and #8220; S #8221; is 6,100 cycles for a guy and 8,000 cycles for a girl. In other words, clarity is in how to write a summary of an academic article The University the high frequencies.
This last statement gives us guidance on how to a report on an article School, approach mixing projects for, ah, older folks. We need to boost the higher frequencies to improve intelligibility. One of the writing College reasons I like mixing in Soundtrack Pro is the high-quality and precise filters that it contains, coupled with a sophisticated interface. Final Cut#8217;s filters can#8217;t begin to compete. A Report Article Caterham School! While it is true that every voice is different and that you should never use the same preset for everyone, I#8217;m going to summary Westminster, give you a couple of settings you can use as starting points to improve your own mixes.
In Soundtrack, unlike Final Cut, filters are applied to the track, not the clip. So, select a track by how to a report on an Caterham School, clicking on article summary, it. Here, I clicked the track Larry Intro . How To Write A Report On An! Then, click the how to a summary academic The University Effects tab to select it; the a report on an Caterham School default location is in the Left Pane. The left side of the window shows filter categories. Click EQ . The right side of the window shows filters. Either double-click the filter named Fat EQ or highlight it and click the Plus button. The filter interface that appears has been known to type of article College Cambridge, scare small children. However, it isn#8217;t as bad as all that. As I said, human hearing extends from 20 cycles, on how to a report article Caterham, the left, to 20,000 cycles, on the right.
The Fat EQ filter separates this into essay five bands, going from left to right: Frequencies below human speech Low-frequency human speech Mid-range human speech High-frequency human speech Frequencies above human speech. While this filter has a LOT of flexibility, I want to concentrate on two things: Making a voice sound warmer Making a voice easier to understand. The warmth of a voice is in the lower frequencies #8212; Band 2 . As we increase this setting, we make a voice more inviting. As we decrease this setting, we make a voice more sterile. The Fat EQ filter allows us to increase or decrease specific ranges of frequencies. Write A Report On An Article Caterham School! This allows us to change portions of the sound without changing all of it. A-g Requirements High School Abbey College! This is very similar to color correction, where we can change the color of the shadows while not changing the color of highlights. To vary the amount of the change, drag the circular wheel up or down. How To Write On An Article Caterham School! NOTE : When we change frequencies, we want to make small changes.
We are not creating mountains here, we are creating molehills! To vary the frequencies we are changing, grab the frequency number and drag it up or down. (You can also double-click it to enter a specific number.) Notice that we are not changing a specific frequency. We are changing a range of frequencies around a central point. When we work with audio, we are always working with ranges, not specific frequencies. Now that you know how to of Northampton, make changes to the filter, let#8217;s look at some specific settings that we can use to improve our sound. GENERAL SETTINGS FOR A MALE VOIC E. NOTE: Before the emails start flying, allow me to state, again, that every voice is different. Use these as guides, then adjust until the voice sounds good to how to write a report Caterham, your ears. I recently changed my opinions on a-g requirements high school College Manchester, where to set my presets and I#8217;m continuing to refine them.
However, to warm up the low-end of a voice, I#8217;ll add +3 dB of how to write a report on an Caterham gain around 170 cycles. Then, to improve clarity, I#8217;ll add +4.5 dB of gain around 3500 cycles. Finally, I#8217;ll drop the Master Gain by -1 dB to help prevent distortion caused by a summary academic The University, boosting frequencies. GENERAL SETTINGS FOR A FEMALE VOICE. I do much less work with female voices, but when I do, here is where I start. To warm up the on an Caterham School low-end of classes Istituto Marangoni London a voice, I#8217;ll add +3 dB of gain around 390 cycles. Then, to improve clarity, I#8217;ll add +4.5 dB of gain around 5500 cycles. Finally, I#8217;ll drop the how to article School Master Gain by -1 dB to help prevent distortion caused by boosting frequencies. By boosting the high-frequencies a bit, I add sparkle and clarity to the voice to help make sure that what my actors are saying is intelligible to the audience. Even us older folks#8230;! BIG NOTE : If you, like me, use the Limiter filter to help even out levels, be sure to apply the of article writing CATS Limiter filter LAST , so it is at write a report article, the bottom of the filter stack.
Otherwise, the EQ filter is article summary Westminster School likely to distort your audio. 8 Responses to Audio Mixing to Improve the a report Clarity of Speech. Nice class. I wish it will continue #8230;#8230; Please how can I make my mix heavy. And I really don#8217;t understand the reverb in cubase 5. Thanks. I don#8217;t know what you mean by #8220;heavy#8221; #8212; and you#8217;re on your own for Cubase, it is a program I#8217;ve never used. Writing Lists The University Of Kansas! P.S. Thanks for the kind words! Great article. Write Article Caterham School! I will try your settings tips.
This enlightens me enormously. I#8217;m nowhere near a professional. Writing Classes Istituto London! Just an amateur who, by default, is drafted to fine-tune the mixers at some of the clubs and restaurants where the how to a report on an Caterham School female jazz singer whom I manage is performing live. Clarity of speech is always an issue when she is performing because people really want to hear the words she is singing, and I certainly will try your settings. Type Of Article Cambridge! We want to how to write on an article School, keep her voice warm, which it is, but clear. Abbey College! I have been using something approximating 2 o’clock for the highs, 1 o’clock for the mid (both the frequency and strength dials) and 12 o’clock or 11 o’clock for the Lows.
Based on your recommendations, I’m going to try something like 1 o’clock for the Lows, 12 o’clock for the mid, and 2-3 o’clock for the highs. I will play with it from there, and hopefully this will help clarity of speech and keep her voice warm at the same time. Naturally, most of the soundboards we work with do not allow fine-tuning of the exact frequency range, like the mixer you cite in your article, except sometimes in the mid-range. How To Write A Report On An School! Also, reducing the master is something I did not know about, but sounds right because we do experience some distortion from time to time. My question concerns reverb. A-g Requirements Abbey College! She likes a fair amount of write article Caterham reverb.
We don’t get fancy by College Cambridge, changing the reverb program settings, basically because we don’t understand how to do it. We usually use Large Hall or something similar. Question: am I mistaken, or does using reverb (such as Large Hall) make clarity of speech even more challenging? Are there any tips you can give as to equalization settings which will offset any deterioration in voice clarity because of the reverb? Or, do you just suggest to use the target settings you have suggested (bearing in how to write on an Caterham School mind that every voice is different) and then dealing with any remaining voice clarity issues by essay classes Istituto Marangoni, just reducing the reverb? In other words, is there a different rule of thumb re settings for increasing clarity of speech while at how to write on an article School, the same time giving her quite a bit of the reverb that she wants? Appreciate your thoughts and how to of an academic The University of Kansas suggestions, as well as tips for settings. Thanks. How would you set up the EQ in Windows Media Player to make speech in videos most easy to Caterham School, hear?
Thank you Larry. I have been mixing/recording for years, more obsessed with the relative volumes of various sounds which in the Atari 520 with Cubase and what was then expensive outboard stuff yet still sounded muddled for vocals (It was#8217;t the luxury of multitracking back in how to write a articles The University of Northampton 97.. I am rediscovering the how to on an article School joys after a 16 year break by writing in essays, purchasing Cubase 7 for write a report article Caterham School, the PC with all these wonderful VST modules so your page here could not have come at writing, a better time. So very well explained and 10 out of 10 for how to a report on an article, not mentioning Q point ! It also explained why my partner never understands what I say. How To A Articles The University! I#8217;ve been toying with the write a report article idea of #8216;suggesting#8217; she go for a hearing test but now it may be #8216;Me#8217; after all #128578; I must user more consonants! Thank you so much for doing this. It#8217;s a very nice article. Question #8212; I don#8217;t #8220;mix#8221; I work with audio files that I must hear very clearly#8230; does anyone know of an eq that I can download that will improve my listening experience, but not alter the how to (NAVITAS) digital audio file itself?
Thanks so much. Larry nice post. I discovered u did not cut or roll off in the low frequency,between 40 to 90hz. I roll off low frequencies in the mic, rather than in post. Final Cut Pro X 10.3. Edit smarter with Larry’s brand-new webinars, all available in our store. Access over 1,300 on-demand video editing courses. Become a member of our Video Training Library today!
Subscribe to Larry's FREE weekly newsletter and how to on an School save 10% on your first purchase. Become a member of our Video Training Library Get unlimited access to our highly-acclaimed training, Thousands of movies available 24-hours a day, 7-days a week.
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We may disclose Personal Information about how to a summary of an academic of Kansas, You to third-parties with Your consent. We may obtain Your consent in how to a report article Caterham writing; online, through “click-through” agreements; when You accept the terms of disclosures for certain Services; orally, when You interact with our customer service representatives. We encourage You not to share Your password. If You provide Your user account password and/or security question responses to writing in essays, third parties they will have access to Your Personal Information when they access Your user account with Your account password. To Our Service Providers. We may disclose information to third-party vendors and partners who complete transactions or perform services on our behalf (for example, credit/debit card processing, billing, customer service, auditing, and marketing). In a Business Transfer. We may sell, disclose, or transfer information about You as part of a corporate business transaction, such as a merger or acquisition, joint venture, corporate reorganization, financing, or sale of company assets, or in the unlikely event of how to write on an article School, insolvency, bankruptcy, or receivership, in which such information could be transferred to third-parties as a business asset in the transaction. For Legal Process Protection. We may disclose Personal Information, and other information about You, or Your communications, where we have a good faith belief that access, use, preservation or disclosure of such information is reasonably necessary: to satisfy any applicable law, regulation, legal process or enforceable governmental request; to enforce or apply agreements, or initiate, render, bill, and collect for services and products (including to collection agencies in article order to how to on an, obtain payment for our products and services); to protect our rights or interests, or property or safety or that of others; in connection with claims, disputes, or litigation – in court or elsewhere; to facilitate or verify the appropriate calculation of taxes, fees, or other obligations; or.
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You should refer to write, this Policy often for article Caterham the latest information and the effective date of any changes. This web site is owned and operated by Viatta Business Ltd . A Partner is an individual who refers customers. A Referral is an individual who requests a service via the referral link given by high Abbey College, a Partner. With the first order, a Referral acquires a 15% discount on the order, while a Partner receives $50 to the Referral Balance. With further purchases, a Partner earns 5% of the Referral’s total order price.
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resume malay version Upon several occasions throughout your career you will need to provide your potential employer with important information about your background and your qualifications. The most common method to provide information to write a report article, potential employers is to create a resume. How To Write A Summary Of An Article The University Of Kansas? A resume can create a vivid word picture of yourself. The World Wide Web (WWW) has recently became more popular, and is often considered the newest form of popular media by many people. In fact, making your resume available on the World Wide Web is comparable to broadcasting it on national television during prime time hours. The most obvious benefit you will immediately receive by making your resume available on the Web is that you will reach an unlimited number of people and on an Caterham School have opened new doors to audiences you would otherwise probably have never reached before. Summary Westminster? Many companies will visit college resume lists searching for potential employees.
If you have your resume on paper but not on the Web, they will undoubtedly never see it. Another benefit of creating an electronic resume is how to article cost. Many colleges provide space on their web server for high Abbey Manchester their students' resumes free of charge. Using college web servers, students can practically eliminate paper and printing costs. Rather than performing mass mailings of your resume, you can reduce the how to a report Caterham School, number of printed copies you will need and reserve these for type of article CATS Cambridge companies you are particularly interested in. Other benefits you will receive by creating an HTML resume include: the ability to provide electronic links to your reference and how to on an article School previous employers as well as providing links to a articles, previous jobs or projects you have been involved with the ability to make updates immediately available ease of maintainability the ability to show that you can adapt to, and use new technology as it becomes available (a plus to many employers) simply making your resume look more professional. By creating your resume using HTML and making it available on the World Wide Web, you will improve your chances of getting a job that best suits your interests as well as your employer's interests. Writing Your Resume in HTML Format. CREATE YOUR RESUME ON A WORD PROCESSOR AND PRINT IT. When writing your resume, consult English books, writing guides, or take advantage of career services provided by many universities. Be sure to Caterham, have someone proofread and review your resume.
Many instructors in the English department of essay classes Marangoni, a University will gladly proofread your resume, but be sure to give it to him/her enough in advance to provide enough time to review it and so that it will not be an inconvenience to him/her. Remember to be courteous and thank them; after all, they are doing you a big favor. It is much better to have a professor see your mistakes while you have the chance to correct them than for a potential employer to a report School, see them. Istituto London? It is important that your resume be grammatically correct as well as in School the correct format. Your resume is often the first impression an employer will receive. It will be easier to htmlify your resume if you have already created it. By creating your resume first you can focus on formatting it rather than trying to create it and format it at the same time. SAVE YOUR WORD-PROCESSED RESUME IN TEXT (.txt) FORMAT.
This can usually be done by using the save as option found under the file utilities of a-g requirements Abbey College, your favorite word processor. If you are unable to locate a save as feature for your word processor consult your user's manual or contact customer support. How To On An School? After selecting save as choose text or Ascii text from the available list of formats. By saving your resume in article summary Westminster text form, you will be able to add HTML formatting tags more easily. Write On An Article? Although you could save your file in other formats, saving in text format will make it easier to edit because text file format does not save any formatting information. Writing? Other file formats embed formatting information like boldface, italics, and indentations as part of the file.
When you view or edit word processor formatted files you will see formatting information that is unreadable by HTML browsers, thus you will need to write School, delete it before you will be able to proceed. Editors allow you to change files without embedding formatting options such as boldface, italics and underscoring into the file. How To A Articles Of Northampton? Many editors are available to use. Some of the most common are: edit on DOS machines and how to a report article School PCs; emacs and vi on UNIX workstations; and edit on VAX/VMS machines. You can also use your favorite word processor to open a text file. For more information on the editor you will use, consult your system administrator or read your user's manual. Which editor you should use depends upon the type of system you are using and your preference between the editors on your system. Type College? Make sure you use an editor that you are familiar with. By using an how to write a report Caterham unfamiliar editor you will find yourself spending most of write The University (NAVITAS), your time trying to learn to how to write on an article, use the editor rather than actually creating your resume.
Throughout the remainder of this document I will base the steps on the DOS editor and a generic word processor. To open your resume, first open the editor by typing edit at a DOS prompt, or the appropriate command for writing classes London the editor you intend to use. Next, choose the Open File option from the how to write a report article, FILE menu. Article Westminster School? Fill in the filename you choose earlier or use the write a report Caterham, browse feature to locate the file. Elements of an HTML document are denoted using HTML tags. How To Write Of An Academic Article The University Of Kansas? An HTML tag usually consists of a left angle bracket ( ). How To A Report On An Article Caterham School? Tags are also usually paired (e.g. ltP and lt/P), the first is used to identify the beginning of the element and the second (usually lt/tagname) identifies the writing lists in essays, end of the element. Some tags may also contain additional information. This information should be placed inside the angle brackets.
For example, to display a paragraph using full justification use ltP ALIGN=justifygt. Write A Report On An School? HTML documents have a minimum requirement of tags. These tags are required by HTML browsers in how to write of Northampton (NAVITAS) order to a report article Caterham School, recognize a file as a HTML file. The following is write a articles The University of Northampton (NAVITAS) a summary of the how to write article Caterham School, required HTML tags: The required HTML tags must be placed in the appropriate order inside and HTML file. Essay Writing Marangoni? The following HTML is how to write a report on an Caterham School a simple example of the minimum HTML document. Using indentation can greatly improve the looks of your HTML, make it easier to a articles The University, read, and make it much easier to maintain. Although indentation is not required, you should always use it to improve your HTML. The benefits greatly outweigh the how to on an article Caterham, extra time it takes to write your HTML.
HTML browsers ignore extra white-space therefore the indentation will not be visible when the document is viewed using a HTML browser. Here is the previous example written using indentation to make it easier to how to a summary of an academic article The University, read. ADD ADDITIONAL HTML FORMATTING TAGS AS NECESSARY. The use of additional HTML tags will greatly enhance the appearance of your resume. HTML contains numerous tags to how to write a report article School, use, in how to a summary of an academic addition many new tags will be added in the future. I could not possibly cover every tag here.
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In order to ensure no word processor formatting options are saved into your file you should save your resume as a text file. However, when you choose your filename you should give it the .html or .htm extension. To do this choose save as from the file menu. Next you should choose the text or ASCII text format from the available format list. Finally, type your filename in how to write article Caterham the filename input box as filename.html or filename.htm where filename is the name you wish to call your file (e.g. How To Write Article Of Kansas? resume.html). CREATE AND/OR ACQUIRE ANY IMAGES YOU WANT TO USE IN YOUR RESUME. While creating images can be very fun and how to a report on an article School exciting, it is also very time consuming. There are many tools available to help you create your custom images such as Paint Shop Pro, Photoshop, Corel Draw, and MsPaint. For information on how to use these tools you should consult your user's manual. An alternative to creating custom images is to find a non-copyrighted image on the world wide web and copy it. One method of locating useful and free images is to writing in essays of Kansas, view clipart collections available on the web such as Caboodles of Clipart.
Another method of locating useful images is to use the Yahoo search engine and search for the image. To do this simply type image:keyword in the Yahoo's search box and click on the search button. This type of how to a report article Caterham School, searching is very time consuming and often does not result in any useful images. If you are unable to create or locate the image you desire and feel that your resume would be incomplete without it, you should consider hiring a Graphics Artist to create the image for you. Although images can improve the appearance of your resume, you should use them sparingly. Summary School? Often the quality of your resume decreases proportionally with an increase in the number of images you add. Any graphics you use (except for how to write article School a background) should be relatively small in a-g requirements high school Manchester size.
Most web developers agree that large images take longer to load and will in turn drive impatient viewers away from your page. In addition, you should keep the content of your images on a professional level unless the a report Caterham, image directly relates to your job qualification. For example it is acceptable to have cartoons you've created on your resume if you're applying as a cartoonist. However, you should consider placing any such images on a second page and high school Abbey creating a link to it. ADD HTML IMAGE TAGS AS NECESSARY FOR EACH OF THE IMAGES YOU PLAN TO USE IN YOUR RESUME, AND SAVE YOUR RESUME (SEE STEP 6). To insert an image into your HTML resume open your resume in your editor, then use the ltIMG SRCgt tag to specify the location and a report filename of your image. For example, to The University of Northampton (NAVITAS), display an image called computer.gif that is 32x45 in size, use the following tag: ltIMG SRC=directory/computer.gif ALT=Computer WIDTH=32 HEIGHT=45 BORDER=0gt.
All images should be in the .GIF or .JPG file format. If you see a gray box with three small dots in it rather than your image, then the a report Caterham, browser was unable to summary Westminster, load your image. Possible causes of write on an Caterham, this problem are: you used an incompatible file format, the image does not exist, you did not specify the correct filename or had a typographical error in the directory/filename, or the file permissions were set incorrectly (UNIX workstations require that you set the file permissions of an type CATS College image to 770. See your system administrator or consult a UNIX reference manual for help with setting file permissions). Be sure to save your resume after you make any changes. OPEN YOUR HTML RESUME IN A HTML BROWSER. Open your HTML browser by clicking on a report on an article Caterham its Windows Icon, or by typing its execution command at the command prompt. There are many browsers available for use such as Netscape, Microsoft Explorer, and type of article College ICOMM. Consult your user's manual for article Caterham School help with using your HTML browser. Open your resume by clicking on the Open File option on the File menu.
Next, type the filename you choose earlier in the filename input box or using the browse feature to essay London, locate the file, then click on the ok button. Your resume should be displayed in the browser window. Viewing your resume in an HTML browser is an excellent way to ensure the how to article School, content of how to a articles of Northampton (NAVITAS), your resume. REPEAT STEPS 5 THROUGH 9 UNTIL YOU ARE SATISFIED WITH THE APPEARANCE OF YOUR RESUME. After reviewing your resume in an HTML browser, you should revisit steps 5 through 9 above and make any necessary changes. Once you are familiar with the process of creating a HTML document, most of these steps can be performed as necessary in a report on an Caterham School any order. Westminster? You should get your resume to a point that you are satisfied with before preceding. In order to how to write on an article Caterham School, ensure that you have not made any mistakes in the uniform resource locator (URL) addresses, you should click on each of the links you've created using your HTML browser. Links that do not work are nicknamed broken links. Broken links are highly unprofessional and will affect the impression a potential employer has on your resume. Broken links are usually the result of a typographical error or a link to a web site that no longer exists.
Because the write a articles of Northampton, web is constantly changing, you should only write a report on an article School, create hypertext links to sites that are relatively stable. In order for your resume to be visible to the rest of the world, you must have current internet provider. Many universities provide the Abbey College, resources for students to how to write on an article School, install their resumes. Contact your University Webmaster to obtain information. You can often locate the Webmaster through an email address on the universities main web page. After you have completed your HTML resume, copy it and all of the images you have used to the directory your web provider specifies. After installing your HTML resume you should always test it.
Visit the URL your web provider supplies to insure it was installed properly. You should always respond to essay writing Istituto Marangoni, potential employers that contact you as soon as possible. Write A Report Article Caterham? In addition you should always mail a paper copy of your resume to any potential employers. By showing sincere interest, you will increase an employer's impression. The Source For Java Development. Java Report . March/April 1996. Java Report is a relatively new magazine for software developers using the of Kansas, Java environment. Write A Report Caterham School? Java is a relatively new software developing environment that allows software developers to implement more complex features such as Net-based electronic transactions and delivering interactive content across the Web. Java Report combines programming tips, new technology, application trends and corporate issues to bring the reader a broader range of information. In one of the articles Philip David Meese does an excellent job of explaining to the reader how to create his/her first Java application.
His article was well written and was equivalent in content to a small course. The article The Java Tutor provides clear and concise information as well as easy to understand example code. I strongly agree with Mr. Meese's confidant statement by write a summary academic The University, the time you finish reading this article, you'll be able to develop a Java application. An entire section of Java Report is how to on an Caterham School devoted to how to of Northampton (NAVITAS), Product Review.
In this section the authors review Java related products and provide information to the reader. This information was the equivalent of a Consumer Reports article. This section is a great source of information about individual products. In general, Java Report is how to article a great source of lists in essays The University of Kansas, information relating to the use and development of how to write on an article, Java applications for writing of Kansas any software developer. However, some of the technical articles may be beyond the scope of the average reader. Rampe, David. How To On An Article? Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt. The New York Times . Write A Summary Of An Article The University Of Kansas? 3 February 1997, sec. C6. In his article Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt David Rampe discusses the advantages and disadvantages of an HTML resume.
The article, which appeared in how to write on an article School The New York Times' Taking In the Sites section provides some very useful information regarding resumes. Some of the topics Mr. Rampe discusses includes the searchability of write of an of Kansas, HTML resumes, electronic filling, industry jargon, and the dehumanization of the process. Mr. Rampe also discusses the how to write a report, importance of writing your HTML resume in the proper fashion, to the computer. He states that you must resolve mentally to address your resume to how to write of an academic of Kansas, 'Dear Computer. ' and just ignore the on an article School, dehumanization of writing in essays of Kansas, it all. In addition, the write a report on an Caterham, article provides the URLs for eleven electronic sources to writing, help the reader get started. Each of the sources listed are excellent sources of information and should be reviewed by write a report on an Caterham, anyone who decides to create and HTML resume. Rampe also discusses cookie-cutter forms available on the World Wide Web to help the least experienced computer user create his/her HTML resume.
In general, Mr. Rampe provides an ample amount of information and type of article writing CATS resources necessary to create an HTML resume. Write On An? Rampe provides both the pros and the cons of an HTML resume in an unbiased fashion, leaving the reader to decide the necessity of an HTML resume. Sandia National Laboratories. HTML Reference Manual , 2 January 1996.
Sandia National Laboratories' HTML Reference Manual is, in my opinion, the most complete and useful source of HTML information. Although the writing, manual is write on an School currently over a year old, the summary School, information it contains is accurate, precise and very helpful. The HTML Reference Manual begins with and introduction to how to write a report Caterham, HTML in general, then lists important terms and definitions. School? Next the authors validate the document's content by how to write a report article Caterham School, discussing the conformance guideline RFC 1866, commonly referred to as HTML Version 2. The authors also discuss the importance of Sandia requirements for essay writing classes Istituto Marangoni specific HTML elements. Next the authors discuss the general breakdown of how to School, HTML into: General HTML syntax, HTML Comments, HTML Elements, Uniform Resource Locators (URL), Special Characters, and Internal Icons. Finally, the authors break down over one hundred HTML elements into a description, minimum attributes, all possible attributes, elements allowed within, allowed in writing content of, and variations. In addition the document contains an easy to use index which allows the reader to write a report, jump directly to how to a articles, any element of interest. The HTML Reference Manual provides the most complete reference manual available.
In addition it is well written, well organized and how to write on an article School very easy to use. This document is an excellent source of information for both the novice and expert HTML programmers. Authors Note: Windows, DOS, Paint Shop Pro, MsPaint, Yahoo, Café, Netscape, ICOMM and Microsoft Internet Explorer are copyrighted by their respective owners.
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address here President Trump delivered his first address to a Joint Session of Congress on February 28th, 2017. You can watch the write a report on an Caterham full address here. Follow @WhiteHouse for live updates during President Trump's Speech. Support President Trump's vision to make America great again. President Trump's Joint Address to Congress. Mr. Speaker, Mr.
Vice President, Members of Congress, the First Lady of the type of article writing CATS College Cambridge United States, and Citizens of a report Caterham School, America: Tonight, as we mark the conclusion of our celebration of writing classes, Black History Month, we are reminded of our Nation's path toward civil rights and write a report article Caterham School, the work that still remains. Recent threats targeting Jewish Community Centers and vandalism of Jewish cemeteries, as well as last week's shooting in Kansas City, remind us that while we may be a Nation divided on policies, we are a country that stands united in how to The University of Northampton (NAVITAS) condemning hate and evil in how to write a report Caterham School all its forms. Each American generation passes the torch of truth, liberty and justice –- in an unbroken chain all the way down to the present. That torch is now in how to a articles (NAVITAS) our hands. And we will use it to light up the Caterham School world. I am here tonight to deliver a message of unity and strength, and of article, it is write on an article School, a message deeply delivered from my heart. A new chapter of American Greatness is now beginning. How To Write The University Of Northampton. A new national pride is how to write on an Caterham School, sweeping across our Nation.
And a new surge of optimism is placing impossible dreams firmly within our grasp. What we are witnessing today is the Renewal of the American Spirit. Our allies will find that America is once again ready to writing The University lead. All the nations of the world -- friend or foe -- will find that America is strong, America is proud, and America is free. In 9 years, the United States will celebrate the 250th anniversary of our founding -- 250 years since the day we declared our Independence. It will be one of the on an article great milestones in article Westminster School the history of the world.
But what will America look like as we reach our 250th year? What kind of country will we leave for our children? I will not allow the mistakes of recent decades past to define the course of our future. For too long, we've watched our middle class shrink as we've exported our jobs and wealth to foreign countries. We've financed and built one global project after another, but ignored the fates of our children in the inner cities of Chicago, Baltimore, Detroit -- and so many other places throughout our land. We've defended the borders of other nations, while leaving our own borders wide open, for anyone to how to article Caterham School cross -- and for drugs to pour in at a now unprecedented rate. And we've spent trillions of writing lists The University, dollars overseas, while our infrastructure at home has so badly crumbled. Then, in 2016, the earth shifted beneath our feet. The rebellion started as a quiet protest, spoken by families of all colors and creeds -– families who just wanted a fair shot for their children, and a fair hearing for their concerns. But then the quiet voices became a loud chorus -- as thousands of citizens now spoke out together, from cities small and large, all across our country. Finally, the chorus became an earthquake – and the people turned out by the tens of millions, and they were all united by one very simple, but crucial demand, that America must put its own citizens first . because only then, can we truly MAKE AMERICA GREAT AGAIN.
Dying industries will come roaring back to life. Heroic veterans will get the care they so desperately need. Our military will be given the resources its brave warriors so richly deserve. Crumbling infrastructure will be replaced with new roads, bridges, tunnels, airports and railways gleaming across our beautiful land. Our terrible drug epidemic will slow down and ultimately, stop. And our neglected inner cities will see a rebirth of write a report article School, hope, safety, and opportunity. Above all else, we will keep our promises to the American people. It's been a little over a month since my inauguration, and I want to take this moment to update the Nation on the progress I've made in keeping those promises. Since my election, Ford, Fiat-Chrysler, General Motors, Sprint, Softbank, Lockheed, Intel, Walmart, and of an academic The University, many others, have announced that they will invest billions of dollars in the United States and write Caterham School, will create tens of thousands of new American jobs.
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We will stop the drugs from pouring into our country and poisoning our youth -- and we will expand treatment for writing, those who have become so badly addicted. At the same time, my Administration has answered the pleas of the American people for immigration enforcement and border security. By finally enforcing our immigration laws, we will raise wages, help the unemployed, save billions of dollars, and make our communities safer for everyone. We want all Americans to succeed –- but that can't happen in an environment of lawless chaos. We must restore integrity and the rule of law to our borders. For that reason, we will soon begin the construction of a great wall along our southern border. As we speak, we are removing gang members, drug dealers and criminals that threaten our communities and prey on our citizens. Bad ones are going out how to write a report on an article Caterham as I speak tonight and as I have promised.
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More than 1 in 5 people in their prime working years are not working. We have the worst financial recovery in 65 years. In the last 8 years, the past Administration has put on how to write a report article Caterham, more new debt than nearly all other Presidents combined. We've lost more than one-fourth of our manufacturing jobs since NAFTA was approved, and how to write a summary academic article of Kansas, we've lost 60,000 factories since China joined the World Trade Organization in 2001. Our trade deficit in goods with the world last year was nearly $800 billion dollars. And overseas, we have inherited a series of tragic foreign policy disasters. Solving these, and so many other pressing problems, will require us to work past the differences of party.
It will require us to tap into the American spirit that has overcome every challenge throughout our long and how to on an article Caterham School, storied history. But to accomplish our goals at home and abroad, we must restart the engine of the American economy -- making it easier for high Abbey, companies to do business in the United States, and much harder for companies to leave. Right now, American companies are taxed at a report on an, one of the highest rates anywhere in the world. My economic team is developing historic tax reform that will reduce the tax rate on our companies so they can compete and thrive anywhere and with anyone. At the same time, we will provide massive tax relief for the middle class. We must create a level playing field for American companies and workers.
Currently, when we ship products out of America, many other countries make us pay very high tariffs and taxes -- but when foreign companies ship their products into America, we charge them almost nothing. I just met with officials and workers from a great American company, Harley-Davidson. In fact, they proudly displayed five of their magnificent motorcycles, made in a summary of an academic article The University of Kansas the USA, on how to write a report Caterham, the front lawn of the White House. At our meeting, I asked them, how are you doing, how is writing classes Istituto Marangoni, business? They said that it's good. I asked them further how they are doing with other countries, mainly international sales. They told me -- without even complaining because they have been mistreated for so long that they have become used to it -- that it is very hard to do business with other countries because they tax our goods at such a high rate. They said that in one case another country taxed their motorcycles at how to write a report Caterham, 100 percent. They weren't even asking for change.
But I am. I believe strongly in free trade but it also has to be FAIR TRADE. The first Republican President, Abraham Lincoln, warned that the abandonment of the protective policy by the American Government [will] produce want and ruin among our people. How To A Articles. Lincoln was right -- and it is time we heeded his words. I am not going to let America and its great companies and workers, be taken advantage of anymore. I am going to bring back millions of jobs. Protecting our workers also means reforming our system of legal immigration. The current, outdated system depresses wages for our poorest workers, and puts great pressure on taxpayers.
Nations around the world, like Canada, Australia and many others –- have a merit-based immigration system. It is a basic principle that those seeking to a report article Caterham enter a country ought to be able to support themselves financially. Westminster School. Yet, in America, we do not enforce this rule, straining the very public resources that our poorest citizens rely upon. According to a report on an article the National Academy of Sciences, our current immigration system costs America's taxpayers many billions of dollars a year. How To A Articles The University. Switching away from this current system of write article Caterham, lower-skilled immigration, and instead adopting a merit-based system, will have many benefits: it will save countless dollars, raise workers' wages, and help struggling families –- including immigrant families –- enter the middle class. Another Republican President, Dwight D. Eisenhower, initiated the The University of Kansas last truly great national infrastructure program –- the building of the interstate highway system. The time has come for a new program of national rebuilding. America has spent approximately six trillion dollars in the Middle East, all this while our infrastructure at home is crumbling. With this six trillion dollars we could have rebuilt our country –- twice. How To A Report. And maybe even three times if we had people who had the ability to negotiate. To launch our national rebuilding, I will be asking the Congress to approve legislation that produces a $1 trillion investment in lists in essays of Kansas the infrastructure of the United States -- financed through both public and private capital –- creating millions of new jobs.
This effort will be guided by two core principles: Buy American, and Hire American. Tonight, I am also calling on how to write a report on an Caterham, this Congress to repeal and writing, replace Obamacare with reforms that expand choice, increase access, lower costs, and at the same time, provide better Healthcare. A Report On An Caterham School. Mandating every American to buy government-approved health insurance was never the right solution for America. The way to make health insurance available to everyone is to lower the article summary School cost of health insurance, and that is what we will do. How To Write A Report Caterham. Obamacare premiums nationwide have increased by double and triple digits.
As an example, Arizona went up 116 percent last year alone. Governor Matt Bevin of Kentucky just said Obamacare is failing in his State -- it is unsustainable and collapsing. One third of counties have only a summary of an article The University one insurer on the exchanges –- leaving many Americans with no choice at all. A Report On An Article School. Remember when you were told that you could keep your doctor, and keep your plan? We now know that all of of article writing CATS College, those promises have been broken. How To Write A Report Article Caterham. Obamacare is collapsing –- and writing lists The University, we must act decisively to how to a report School protect all Americans. Action is not a choice –- it is a necessity. So I am calling on all Democrats and Republicans in the Congress to work with us to save Americans from this imploding Obamacare disaster. Here are the principles that should guide the write a summary of an academic Congress as we move to create a better healthcare system for all Americans: First, we should ensure that Americans with pre-existing conditions have access to coverage, and that we have a stable transition for Americans currently enrolled in the healthcare exchanges.
Secondly, we should help Americans purchase their own coverage, through the use of tax credits and write a report on an article Caterham, expanded Health Savings Accounts –- but it must be the plan they want, not the plan forced on them by the Government. Thirdly, we should give our great State Governors the resources and flexibility they need with Medicaid to make sure no one is left out. Fourthly, we should implement legal reforms that protect patients and doctors from unnecessary costs that drive up the price of insurance – and high school Abbey College, work to bring down the artificially high price of drugs and bring them down immediately. Finally, the time has come to give Americans the freedom to purchase health insurance across State lines –- creating a truly competitive national marketplace that will bring cost way down and provide far better care. Everything that is a report on an School, broken in our country can be fixed.
Every problem can be solved. And every hurting family can find healing, and hope. Our citizens deserve this, and so much more –- so why not join forces to finally get it done? On this and lists, so many other things, Democrats and Republicans should get together and unite for the good of our country, and for how to write a report on an Caterham, the good of the American people. My administration wants to work with members in both parties to make childcare accessible and affordable, to help ensure new parents have paid family leave, to invest in women's health, and to how to write The University (NAVITAS) promote clean air and clear water, and to rebuild our military and write a report on an Caterham School, our infrastructure. Article Summary School. True love for our people requires us to find common ground, to advance the common good, and to cooperate on behalf of every American child who deserves a brighter future. An incredible young woman is article School, with us this evening who should serve as an inspiration to us all. Today is Rare Disease day, and joining us in the gallery is a Rare Disease Survivor, Megan Crowley. Megan was diagnosed with Pompe Disease, a rare and in essays of Kansas, serious illness, when she was 15 months old.
She was not expected to live past 5. On receiving this news, Megan's dad, John, fought with everything he had to save the life of his precious child. He founded a company to look for a cure, and a report on an article Caterham, helped develop the drug that saved Megan's life. Today she is 20 years old -- and a sophomore at Notre Dame. Megan's story is how to a summary of an academic The University of Kansas, about the unbounded power of a father's love for a daughter. How To Caterham. But our slow and burdensome approval process at the Food and a articles of Northampton, Drug Administration keeps too many advances, like the write a report on an article Caterham one that saved Megan's life, from essay writing London reaching those in need. If we slash the restraints, not just at the FDA but across our Government, then we will be blessed with far more miracles like Megan. In fact, our children will grow up in a Nation of how to write article School, miracles.
But to achieve this future, we must enrich the The University of Northampton mind –- and the souls –- of every American child. Education is the civil rights issue of our time. I am calling upon Members of both parties to pass an education bill that funds school choice for disadvantaged youth, including millions of on an Caterham, African-American and Latino children. These families should be free to choose the public, private, charter, magnet, religious or home school that is right for them. Abbey. Joining us tonight in the gallery is a remarkable woman, Denisha Merriweather. As a young girl, Denisha struggled in school and failed third grade twice. But then she was able to enroll in a private center for learning, with the help of how to write a report on an article, a tax credit scholarship program. Today, she is the first in her family to graduate, not just from write of an academic article The University high school, but from college. Later this year she will get her masters degree in social work. We want all children to how to write a report on an School be able to break the cycle of poverty just like Denisha.
But to write break the cycle of poverty, we must also break the how to a report article Caterham School cycle of violence. Type CATS College Cambridge. The murder rate in how to write on an School 2015 experienced its largest single-year increase in nearly half a century. In Chicago, more than 4,000 people were shot last year alone –- and the murder rate so far this year has been even higher. This is essay writing London, not acceptable in write a report article our society. Every American child should be able to grow up in a safe community, to article summary Westminster School attend a great school, and to have access to a high-paying job. But to create this future, we must work with –- not against -– the men and women of law enforcement. How To A Report Article Caterham. We must build bridges of writing College, cooperation and trust –- not drive the wedge of disunity and division. Police and sheriffs are members of a report article, our community. They are friends and neighbors, they are mothers and fathers, sons and daughters – and they leave behind loved ones every day who worry whether or not they'll come home safe and sound. We must support the incredible men and women of law enforcement.
And we must support the victims of crime. I have ordered the Department of Homeland Security to create an office to School serve American Victims. The office is called VOICE –- Victims Of Immigration Crime Engagement. On An Article. We are providing a voice to those who have been ignored by how to of an academic The University, our media, and write on an article Caterham, silenced by special interests. Joining us in the audience tonight are four very brave Americans whose government failed them. Their names are Jamiel Shaw, Susan Oliver, Jenna Oliver, and Jessica Davis. Jamiel's 17-year-old son was viciously murdered by how to of Northampton (NAVITAS), an illegal immigrant gang member, who had just been released from prison.
Jamiel Shaw Jr. was an incredible young man, with unlimited potential who was getting ready to go to write college where he would have excelled as a great quarterback. Article Summary Westminster School. But he never got the how to write article School chance. His father, who is in the audience tonight, has become a good friend of mine. Also with us are Susan Oliver and Jessica Davis. Their husbands –- Deputy Sheriff Danny Oliver and Detective Michael Davis –- were slain in the line of how to write The University of Northampton, duty in California. They were pillars of their community. How To A Report On An Article School. These brave men were viciously gunned down by an illegal immigrant with a criminal record and two prior deportations.
Sitting with Susan is her daughter, Jenna. Jenna: I want you to know that your father was a hero, and that tonight you have the article Westminster love of an write a report Caterham School entire country supporting you and article The University, praying for you. To Jamiel, Jenna, Susan and Jessica: I want you to know –- we will never stop fighting for justice. Your loved ones will never be forgotten, we will always honor their memory. Finally, to keep America Safe we must provide the men and women of the United States military with the tools they need to a report article prevent war and –- if they must –- to fight and to writing Cambridge win. I am sending the on an Congress a budget that rebuilds the military, eliminates the Defense sequester, and calls for one of the largest increases in national defense spending in American history.
My budget will also increase funding for Westminster School, our veterans. Our veterans have delivered for this Nation –- and now we must deliver for them. The challenges we face as a Nation are great. But our people are even greater. And none are greater or braver than those who fight for America in write on an Caterham uniform. We are blessed to be joined tonight by Carryn Owens, the widow of a U.S.
Navy Special Operator, Senior Chief William Ryan Owens. Ryan died as he lived: a warrior, and writing lists The University, a hero –- battling against terrorism and securing our Nation. I just spoke to General Mattis, who reconfirmed that, and I quote, Ryan was a part of a highly successful raid that generated large amounts of vital intelligence that will lead to many more victories in the future against how to write a report on an School our enemies. Ryan's legacy is The University, etched into how to write a report article School, eternity. For as the Bible teaches us, there is no greater act of love than to lay down one's life for one's friends. Ryan laid down his life for his friends, for his country, and for our freedom –- we will never forget him.
To those allies who wonder what kind of friend America will be, look no further than the heroes who wear our uniform. Our foreign policy calls for a direct, robust and meaningful engagement with the world. It is American leadership based on vital security interests that we share with our allies across the globe. We strongly support NATO, an alliance forged through the bonds of two World Wars that dethroned fascism, and a Cold War that defeated communism. But our partners must meet their financial obligations. And now, based on essay writing classes Istituto Marangoni London, our very strong and frank discussions, they are beginning to do just that. We expect our partners, whether in NATO, in on an article School the Middle East, or the Pacific –- to take a direct and meaningful role in both strategic and military operations, and pay their fair share of the cost. We will respect historic institutions, but we will also respect the sovereign rights of nations.
Free nations are the essay writing Istituto Marangoni best vehicle for how to Caterham, expressing the will of the how to write a articles of Northampton people –- and America respects the right of all nations to chart their own path. My job is not to represent the how to article School world. My job is to represent the United States of America. But we know that America is better off, when there is less conflict -- not more. We must learn from the mistakes of the past –- we have seen the war and destruction that have raged across our world. The only long-term solution for these humanitarian disasters is to create the conditions where displaced persons can safely return home and begin the long process of a summary of an The University of Kansas, rebuilding.
America is how to write a report on an article, willing to find new friends, and to forge new partnerships, where shared interests align. We want harmony and stability, not war and lists in essays, conflict. We want peace, wherever peace can be found. America is friends today with former enemies. Some of how to write Caterham, our closest allies, decades ago, fought on the opposite side of these World Wars. This history should give us all faith in the possibilities for write of an academic The University of Kansas, a better world. Hopefully, the 250th year for America will see a world that is more peaceful, more just and more free. On our 100th anniversary, in 1876, citizens from across our Nation came to Philadelphia to celebrate America's centennial.
At that celebration, the country's builders and artists and inventors showed off their creations. Alexander Graham Bell displayed his telephone for the first time. Remington unveiled the first typewriter. How To Write A Report. An early attempt was made at electric light. Thomas Edison showed an in essays automatic telegraph and an electric pen. Imagine the wonders our country could know in how to article Caterham School America's 250th year. How To Of An. Think of the marvels we can achieve if we simply set free the dreams of our people. Cures to illnesses that have always plagued us are not too much to hope.
American footprints on distant worlds are not too big a dream. Millions lifted from how to write a report on an Caterham welfare to a summary academic of Kansas work is not too much to expect. Write Caterham. And streets where mothers are safe from fear -- schools where children learn in peace -- and a-g requirements school Abbey, jobs where Americans prosper and grow -- are not too much to ask. When we have all of how to a report, this, we will have made America greater than ever before. For all Americans. This is our vision.
This is our mission. But we can only get there together. We are one people, with one destiny. We all bleed the same blood. We all salute the same flag. And we are all made by the same God. And when we fulfill this vision; when we celebrate our 250 years of glorious freedom, we will look back on writing classes Istituto, tonight as when this new chapter of American Greatness began. Write A Report Article. The time for small thinking is over. The time for trivial fights is Westminster School, behind us. We just need the courage to share the dreams that fill our hearts.
The bravery to express the how to article School hopes that stir our souls. And the write The University of Northampton (NAVITAS) confidence to turn those hopes and dreams to action. From now on, America will be empowered by our aspirations, not burdened by our fears –- inspired by the future, not bound by the failures of the past –- and guided by our vision, not blinded by our doubts. I am asking all citizens to embrace this Renewal of the American Spirit. I am asking all members of Congress to join me in write a report School dreaming big, and bold and daring things for our country. Writing. And I am asking everyone watching tonight to seize this moment and write a report article School, -- Believe in a-g requirements school yourselves.
Believe in your future. And believe, once more, in America. Thank you, God bless you, and God Bless these United States. Rebuilding Our Nation#039;s Infrastructure. President Donald J. Trump is taking action on his commitment to rebuilding the United States. Our country’s public infrastructure is in article Caterham School poor condition, costing American households thousands of dollars each year. Delivering for the American People. President Donald J. Trump has had a dozen meetings with American business and union leaders to hear their input.
The President has tackled rules and regulations that get in the way of jumpstarting job growth for all Americans. Since his inauguration, the The University (NAVITAS) economy has been showing steady improvement and a report on an Caterham, high confidence. Confronting Our Nation’s Broken Healthcare System. The United States’ healthcare system is trending in a disastrous direction and desperately needs improvement. President Donald J. Trump is type writing CATS College Cambridge, lifting the financial burdens of ObamaCare that impact so many Americans.
Delivering on Immigration Enforcement for the American People. President Donald J. Trump has taken a series of how to on an article Caterham, Executive actions to combat illegal immigration. Our current immigration system unfairly penalizes the American taxpayer. The President will make sure they are protected. Achieving Results for a-g requirements school College, the American People.
President Donald J. Trump has taken action to ensure that all Americans are able to live safely, pursue their ambitions, and have faith in their Government. President Donald J. How To Write On An Article. Trump is committed to type writing CATS College addressing the how to write on an article Caterham School economic woes that have plagued our Nation for too long. After decades of writing lists in essays The University of Kansas, decline, crime is rising again in America’s largest cities. Since his inauguration, President Donald J. A Report Article School. Trump has followed through on his promise to summary Westminster the American people to prioritize public safety. The President has made honoring and listening to law enforcement a priority. Rebuilding America#039;s National Security.
President Donald J. Trump has taken action to ensure the how to write on an article Caterham safety and security of the United States homeland, its borders, and essay writing classes Istituto Marangoni, its people.
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Do teachers assign too much homework? How much is write article, too much? As school is starting, children’s daily schedules will be booked not only with classroom time, but also with extracurriculars and writing in essays The University, several hours of completing homework and studying for standardized tests. While a 2003 Brookings Institution study showed that only a small percentage of children experience unmanageable levels of how to write, homework, a University of Michigan survey found that the amount of time spent on homework has, nevertheless, increased by nearly 90 minutes since 1981. To help students meet soaring expectations, families who can afford it often invest in type of article CATS College, private tutoring, a business that grows larger each year.
Some argue that a lot of homework encourages students to study independently, while others counter that it causes them to become overly reliant on paid helpers. Cindy Goldrich, ADHD Parenting Coach, Teacher Trainer, Author. Since the population of people I work with are parents of write a report article Caterham, children with ADHD, I would like to address the concerns around homework with that population in mind. Separate from the in essays of Kansas, issues many of these children face with remembering to write down their homework and how to write a report article, bring home their materials, for children with ADHD, homework presents them with significant and somewhat unique challenges. They often need more time than their peers to article summary Westminster complete the write a report, same work. They may be on how to write a articles The University, medication to help them focus during the day. As this medication wears off, they will likely find it challenging to write a report on an article School attend to the work and process what they must to learn. For many of these children, taking a booster med after school is impractical (they may not have eaten enough, they may want a break from the high College Manchester, feeling of the meds, or they may stay up too late if they take additional medication) The child may just need a break from having done everything they could to keep it together at school and work as hard as they did just to keep up. During the lower grades, it might be helpful and possible for how to a report on an, teachers to modify the amount of Abbey College, homework required of the student (perhaps reducing the how to write Caterham, number of problems to writing lists in essays The University be answered).
Some students do not want this option. Much as adults may try to a report on an article School help them see this as a positive option, the reality is that some children don't want to feel that they are not capable of doing as others do. They also don't want others to know they are held to different standards. As the students reach higher grades, often the homework assigned is not as easily modified. Some of the work is to help prepare students for the upcoming lessons. Write Article The University. Other work may involve fewer problems but require greater depth of time, effort and production. Either way, modifying the required work is not generally possible. As this important debate continues along regarding the amount of write School, homework that students are assigned, I hope that teachers and administrators consider the impact not just on typical students, but those who are perhaps equally bright, but face additional challenges due to their neurobiology. Here is an additional article I have written regarding doing homework for students who have ADHD: http://www.ptscoaching.com/articles/what-is-so-difficult-about-doing-homework/ Colleen Clemens, College Professor, Writer, Editor, Tutor Parent. This question should be on the lips of all parents and educators.
In a time when our students are more and more stressed, how do we help them manage and also encourage their academic lives? Teachers have many expectations and pressures put on them to ensure student success--and school funding. So I am not sure if we should be asking if teachers are giving too much. High Abbey College. Instead, is the system itself demanding too much of our students? At the college level, I expect students to be self-motivated and understand how to manage their work.
I see students who never did homework and how to write a report on an article Caterham, I see students stifled by the desire of write article of Kansas, perfection. How To Write A Report On An Article School. There must be a balance or learning--and the student--suffers. Students, teachers, parents, administrators, and staff need to how to a summary academic article The University of Kansas work together to find a balance for their students. And need to ensure their voices are heard when politicians place too much emphasis on test scores and not enough emphasis on how to a report article, developing lifelong learners with an how to write The University of Northampton (NAVITAS), intrinsic love of knowledge. Defusing the situation a bit by asking students to pick their own books for independent outside reading can help kids love to read.
Forcing students only--I am not saying they shouldn't be assigned reading--to read what others hand them makes their reading homework drudgery. I hear students tell me all of the time that they hate reading. My reply? You just aren't reading the how to write a report on an School, right things. If we can help students make choices, we can make homework feel less like work and more like leisure. My child is article, not old enough to be assigned homework, but I am already dreading the day when she has to slog through hours of homework every night instead of spending time with us. All of us in the system need to write article Caterham consider how to release the pressure valve on write The University of Kansas, our kids, and perhaps assigning less homework is write a report on an, a great start. Amanda Morris, College Professor, Writer, Advisor, Writing Coach. So many great responses here! I will chime in summary Westminster School, as a writing professor. A Report On An Article Caterham. A lot of this debate focuses on reading homework and memorizing facts for tests. but how much writing homework are students given?
Based on a-g requirements high school Abbey Manchester, what I see at how to write a report on an article Caterham School, the college level, I'm going to suggest that too many students are not getting enough writing homework. And when I say writing, I mean writing original material AND revising it substantially, sometimes involving research, sometimes involving creative work. As Colleen says in her response, a lot of her students hate reading? Well, I think double goes for me. Almost every student I've taught at two universities in writing, two different states over the past nine years has, to a person, told me in their first-day get to know ya in-class interviews that they hate writing. I can count on one hand how many students in how to a report Caterham, that same time frame have said they love writing.
In fact, I led a study last year in our university to determine what kind of of article CATS, relationship students had with both reading and writing before entering their first year composition course. How To Write Article Caterham School. Overwhelmingly, the responses were negative. In fact, over 50% of 1,100 respondents admitted that they wrote ZERO research papers in high school and the same amount said they wrote NOTHING during their senior years. Zero? Nothing? This is type of article writing CATS College Cambridge, highly unacceptable. When it comes to writing, I would argue that students in high school (at least) need to be writing more - and how to a report article, yes, at home. Either through an assignment or as a revision of an existing assignment, or as journal writing. something to get them writing more so that they are better prepared to handle the writing assignments that their professors will assign during that first crucial semester away from home. Students will be more successful in School, college and in any career if they are encouraged to write more during their K-12 years. Lois Weiner, Professor, researcher, former high school teacher. The question we should ask is what kind? of homework is a report on an article, being assigned.
Is it interesting? Does it connect the subject matter with the writing classes Istituto Marangoni London, student's life outside the classroom so s/he sees the how to write a report on an article, subject's relevance? Does it assume (incorrectly) an adult will be available to help? Reading for pleasure can be homework, if the teacher makes sure everyone has access to appropriate materials to read. So can interviewing family or neighbors about their experiences or beliefs. Most kids are already bored in school. How To A Articles. Let's not extend the drudgery. Time at home should be restorative - for kids and on an article Caterham School, parents.
Dylan Ferniany, gifted and talented education administrator and advocate, interested in developing creativity innovation in teachers and students. Homework, like many elements of school is all in the implementation and utility. Homework for the sake of homework, or for writing in essays The University, grade fillers can be detrimental to how to article Caterham learning. An example might be a student who is The University of Kansas, advanced in how to write a report on an article Caterham, math, who is CATS College, given a practice of 20 problems all of which are easy for them. The student may be unmotivated by the homework and get a poor grade on how to article, it, even though they have mastered the material. Homework should also not be treated as summative, or as any kind of final grade. Many students have support at of article writing CATS College Cambridge, home to help get through tough homework assignments, while other students may not. If homework is a practice that students can come in and work through with their teacher after giving it a try, then it can be very worthwhile. The strongest use of homework I've seen is when it is well aligned to final assessments but the homework is on an article, not graded.
Assessments (projects, tests, quizzes) hold a great weight in the class. Students have the how to a articles of Northampton, choice whether or not to do the work, but the skills are integral to success in the class. That way students who truly get it can move on to more challenging work, and others that need the a report on an article School, practice can get it through homework. Of An Academic. Hopefully the a report on an article Caterham, class is classes Istituto London, rigorous enough that all students need to complete the practice exercises to be successful in a report Caterham School, the course. Amy McElroy, SMU Law School graduate, Writer, Editor, and of an academic The University, Parent of Two. I have two primary concerns about the level of how to a report on an School, homework assigned to today's students. The first has been addressed, in part, by other experts, above--the quantity and quality of the homework. Of An Article Of Kansas. Is the homework simply busywork to fulfill a certain number of hours of how to on an article School, homework per class (for example, multiple choice worksheets)? If not, the teacher needs to be prepared to spend an adequate amount of time grading the work put into homework, whether it be the work product of math problems or written essays.
Second, with the busy extra-curricular schedules and complex home lives of children today, less next-day homework and more weekly, every-other day, or scheduled, project-based homework would benefit students in Abbey College Manchester, several ways. Not only how to a report Caterham School would students have a greater opportunity to turn assignments in on-time, they would learn valuable time-management skills if they were given the opportunity to plan ahead in their assignments. Gina Badalaty, Parent of article summary, 2 kids with disabilities, Professional Blogger. My children attend a school where assigning homework is frowned upon how to write on an article Caterham School, but projects are regularly done and required at home. Since my kids have learning disabilities, it is challenging for them to do periodic project work when they are not used to doing schoolwork at home. It also makes it difficult for them to study when they have a quiz or test. They rely heavily on routine and how to write a summary of an academic article, projects and study sessions seem out how to a report Caterham of the norm for high Abbey College Manchester, them. While I would normally not want homework, I do request teachers that my girls have some sort of very brief homework to establish a routine and good practices that will serve them in a report article, high school and higher education. Vielka Cecilia Hoy, Founder/Director at Vielka Hoy Consulting, Teacher, and Parent. In the last seven years, I have had to address this question many times. As a school administrator at writing lists in essays of Kansas, a school with highly motivated but under-achieving students, we used a formula that worked backwards from the homework expectations in college.
This looked like ninth graders spending about forty-five minutes per night/per subject on how to article School, review/homework increasing to about two hours per The University, night/per subject in the twelfth grade. Mathematically, this is not possible, so we asked students to think about using the remaining time in class, weekends, and the quality of the time they spent on homework differently. Having returned to the classroom and article School, teaching AP and essay, honors courses in recent years, this question came up again as families became concerned about the how to write on an article Caterham, lack of of Kansas, family time or the a report on an School, inability of students to type of article Cambridge spend time participating in extra-curricular activities. As a teacher, I found it difficult to cover all of the material without some practice at home, and I always feel that the larger lesson of learning to prioritize is essential. But I also recognize (especially with my own son) that there are ways to review, teach students the soft skill of prioritizing, cover all of the material in the curriculum, and how to write, maintain family support. I use quite a bit of write a summary of an The University of Kansas, technology, including the Google Classroom to flip the classroom, provide extended and write a report article, rolling due dates, and essay classes Marangoni London, schedule work days as part of class time. I do believe the how to write on an article, benefits of homework are important to a-g requirements high College Manchester keep so there is such thing as quality homework. But we've advanced enough with pedagogy and other tools to how to a report make the classes Istituto Marangoni, quantity of time spent doing the homework less daunting. For anyone concerned about this issue at write a report article Caterham School, their own schools, I invite you to think more creatively about how all needs can be met and have that conversation with your school administrators and teachers. Tedra Osell, PhD, Parent of essay Istituto Marangoni, 2e teen, former homeschooler and on an article Caterham, college professor, SENG Model Parent Group Facilitator.
My understanding of the research on homework is that it's beneficial when. looking at type, academic achievement in the form of test scores; assigned in secondary school; students actually do it. All three of those positives come with major qualifiers. Regarding academic achievement, test scores are not the write article, same thing as final grades or whether a student actually retains what they've learned, let alone develops an academic of Kansas, interest or passion in it. How To Write A Report On An Caterham School. Secondary school assignments are generally very different from elementary school assignments; in elementary school one is more likely to get worksheets and/or art/craft type projects, while in high school homework usually involves applying new knowledge/skills independently (e.g., writing a paper, applying a new math technique to different kinds of problems). High Abbey College Manchester. And of course, older students are far better able to write a report on an complete most homework on their own, because they're more likely to have developed the necessary organizational abilities and self-discipline to do so. All of which means, in my opinion, that a lot of the homework schools are assigning in this age of standardized testing is not necessarily beneficial.
It may not be particularly harmful, though, if the child seems basically happy and if getting the writing of Kansas, homework done can be accomplished with a little gentle prompting and parental support--providing a space for the homework to be done and a regular pattern, for instance letting the child have a snack or an hour of outside play before setting down to do homework while you cook dinner. If that kind of support doesn't seem to be enough, or if the amount or kind of homework being assigned is write a report on an article School, causing a student--or, in the case of younger children, the entire family--distress, then that is a red flag that should be attended to. If homework is making your child cry, causing arguments at home, making a child anxious, or taking up a child's entire evening, then you should definitely talk to the teacher. Be as specific as you can about what problems your child is essay Istituto, having: are they worried about making mistakes, do they refuse to show their work, do they get constantly distracted, does the write a report on an School, homework seem to be taking too long? Consider asking for an assessment if there seem to be problems that aren't easily resolved; it's possible (even with bright children who are getting good grades) that there are underlying learning disorders, anxiety, or other problems that should be addressed.
And always remember that what you want most of all is for your child to type writing Cambridge find learning interesting and engaging: if school and learning are a struggle or a burden for a child, you--and the how to write a report on an Caterham School, school--should be concerned. Ipek Bakir, Consultant Researcher, Cost-Benefit Effectiveness Studies of Education. We should also consider the opportunity cost of “homework time.” That is, what other things that students can do other than homework that are effective and foster learning gains as well as social-emotional development. Denis Pope from Stanford University has studied “homework time” for article School, sometime and has found that time spent on write on an Caterham School, assignments may have a detrimental impact on how to a articles (NAVITAS), kids lives outside of school if kids are spending more than optimal amount of time on their assignments. How To On An School. Homework time can in writing, fact hinder students’ relationship with family, friends and their engagement in extra-curricular activities. There are diminishing returns associated with time spent on homework; while it may be beneficial for a student to write a report article Caterham School spend about two hours each night on homework, any more can diminish positive learning returns and even be counterproductive. Carrie Hagen, Nonfiction Writer and high Manchester, Researcher, Teacher. After 15 years in the HS classroom, I'm still trying to figure out my homework philosophy.
Several years ago, my principal asked me to serve on a district Homework Committee comprised of K-12 teachers, counselors, parents and administrators. This committee was a response to how to write on an article Caterham School a concern that a group of parents voiced to a school board member, and it is a concern echoed in several responses here: should teachers collaborate more on the assignments that they give to essay classes Istituto Marangoni the same group of students? After compiling research from student, parent, teacher and administrator surveys, we found that . everybody was doing a pretty good job. All parties had trouble citing evidence to back up claims that teachers were assigning too much or not enough homework, even as the surveys were anonymous and did not ask for specific teachers' names. I think this is how to write a report on an article Caterham, where the cultural component (also echoed in these responses) does count. People feel overworked, overstressed, and exhausted, and perhaps most of write a summary academic article The University, us want more benefits from less output?
I do know this -- over the years, I've noticed that at least some of my colleagues who assign more homework have had encounters with parents who say that they aren't assigning enough. Yamini Pathak, Freelance Writer Parent. As a parent of 2 kids in elementary school, I believe that homework is important to reinforce material studied in class and to promote independent study habits. However, when teachers of different subjects assign homework (especially at the elementary school level) it would be great if they did so in consultation with each other so that students are not overwhelmed on any given day. During the past year, my fourth grader has received up to 6 different assignments to be completed on some evenings, making it impossible for him to catch a break and play outdoors after school. This had a very real impact on his health, which I didn't realize until his annual physical when his doctor expressed surprise at his disproportionate weight gain compared to previous years.
All fourth graders at my son's school received Google email accounts and write a report on an Caterham, use Google Classroom for some class/home work. High. I have helped him keep track of homework using a printed calender but if the curriculum also included teaching students how to use the google calender to how to write a report article Caterham School manage and writing lists, prioritize their assignments, it would greatly benefit them. Our school district recently instituted 4 homework free days during the school year and appointed a homework subcommittee so I am hoping that the district will consider a more balanced approach on the subject. Cindy Terebush, CPC, CYPFC, Certified Youth, Parent, Family Coach, Early Education Parenting Consultant, Writer and how to a report on an article Caterham, Speaker. I think a discussion about classes Istituto London homework should be about both how much time it should take and its value for each particular class. I would hesitate to make generalized statements about today's pressure filled and overscheduled youth and their homework. I am going to how to write a report on an article Caterham School approach this question with my parenting hat on article School, alongside my educator hat. Write Caterham School. As a parent, I have had the variety of experiences. Sometimes, my boys' homework was important review and essay classes, practice to help them reinforce and remember new skills. I have, however, had the experience that homework was new material and was daunting for a report on an article, them to complete without a lot of Westminster, assistance. That became tricky when the topics they were learning were being taught in a report article Caterham School, a way that my husband and I did not learn ourselves (ie new methods of math).
As a parent, I always felt that short, skill reinforcing assignments were best. When the homework took too long or was too complex, my children were turned off. Writing Classes Istituto Marangoni. It gave learning a bad wrap. As an educator, I am a firm believer in capturing the curiosity of students and helping them to extend their own thinking. Deeper learning does not take place in a report on an, one 45 minute class or in one day. It takes time to process, reflect and add to knowledge. I'm not sure this is entirely possible outside the a-g requirements school Abbey College, confines of the school hours because there are so may demands on their time. The world has changed and students have schedules that sometimes rival the schedules of how to write a report on an article, adults. We also have so much more knowlege today about the learning challenges that many of Marangoni, our students face. We now know that some students need more time to complete tasks, more time for physical movement and time when they can feel like they don't need to cope and strategize and can just be kids.
I think we have to write on an Caterham accept that our assignments need to classes London have great value, preserve a love of how to write on an Caterham, learning, respect every type of learner and, at the same time, be realistic for today's world. This is not an easy question. Dr. Aaron Smith, Ph.D. in Educational Leadership, Currently Program Director at Aviation Academy, Co-Author of Awakening Your STEM School. Having been a teacher and administrator on both the middle and high school level, I think the time spent on homework as well as the amount of homework should vary on a couple of factors. First and foremost, homework should not be a drill and essay Marangoni, kill assignment. It should be meaningful and something that affirms the initial objective covered in the class. It really bothers me when a teacher send home 30 problems that are nearly identical with no purpose. Students are more inclined to work on 5-6 problems or questions that are detailed and real world based.
Homework time should also vary based upon the complexity. A Report Caterham School. For example, the time to finish up an assignment that is project based or research centered, should take additional time where as if a student is merely editing or checking for understanding, then the time spent on homework should be significantly less. I also am a believer that preparing for tests or major in-class work should be a part of the homework as well. This will help strengthen and reinforce weaker concepts to the children but should be conducted in high school Abbey Manchester, a way that is not rote learning but laser focused, meaningful and student-centered. Caitlin Holmes, Higher education, writing instruction, writing assessment, advising, faculty development. As a faculty member at how to article School, a university, I'll chime in regarding what professors may expect as the cumulative product of K-12 education. I can say that college students are generally expected to spend between 2-3 hours outside of class for article The University, every hour inside the classroom in order to be successful.
From reading (actively reading and annotating texts, preparing discussion questions), writing discussion board responses, doing practice problems, writing essays ahead of time (and then taking them for revisions), or working in groups, instructors always hope that students will be prepared to take on more than the bare minimum. Homework may not necessarily be explicit, such as go do problems 1-45. It may mean taking a look at the syllabus to prepare for readings that are coming or writing assignments that require long-term development. If we look at the general credit-hour enrollment of a student (let's say, 16 credit hours of in-class time), then multiply that by 2.5 hours of a report on an article, work per credit hour outside of class, then students are expected to work about summary 40 hours a week outside of how to a report on an Caterham, their direct class time. This is the equivalent, of course, of a full-time job! Now, whether or not that means that students are given too much homework is a bigger question. Maintaining this level of workload can definitely be stressful. While many faculty would say, hey! It's college! It's supposed to Westminster be hard and have lots of homework, keep in mind that each semester should be a balance of rigorous core courses and a few courses that are a bit less difficult. It can be useful to plan out your college courses with the help of an advisor to avoid work fatigue.
If you are feeling overwhelmed with the workload required for how to a report on an article School, a particular course, consider having a conversation with the summary Westminster, instructor about a report on an article School how to study smarter - not harder. Support from a tutor or studying with a group of friends can help to alleviate stress, as well. It can also be useful to classes stop by learning services to see if there are workshops to help study skills, and most programs can help direct students to possible evaluation for how to on an article School, learning disorders or counseling to help with stress. The question of too much homework is high school Abbey, a difficult one given the variabilities discussed by the wonderful authors above. However, the habits that come from independent learning outside of the classroom are ones that will ultimately be valued in college. Vanessa Domine, University professor, teacher, author parent. The answer to the question, Do teachers assign too much homework? depends upon who is asking/answering the question. Teachers might think they don't assign enough, given their mandates to raise student achievement. How To Article. Parents might think teachers assign too much homework, especially since time may be spread thin in the home with other extra-curriculum and family pursuits.
And sometimes it is vice versa, depending upon the child. Ultimately, the assigning of essay writing, homework is the stewardship of the teacher and depends upon how to write, his/her curricular goals as well as the vicissitudes of the school day and classes London, school year. As mentioned in another post, the Flipped Classroom is one way to how to think of homework as preparatory to essay classes Marangoni more meaningful and engaged classroom learning. Write Caterham. As a teacher educator, I give digital knuckle bumps to teachers who are exploring those frontiers on how to make homework more meaningful and supportive of student achievement (See an write of Northampton (NAVITAS), incisive piece by Nancy Self titled Designing Effective Homework ). As a parent, however, I see far too many homework assignments at the high school level that come home without sufficient scaffolding or time allotted to direct instruction to set up the task. Homework should not be used in place of how to on an article Caterham, classroom instruction. In these cases, it's not necessarily the quantity, but the quality and purpose of homework that needs rethinking. Additionally, homework assignments can and should leverage existing adolescent challenges that need strengthening—such as individual responsibility , social media usage and deepening of relationships within the family and how to write a summary The University, community structures . Avoid helicopter parenting, however. (There is excellent Slate article on motivating teenagers to do their homework). My elementary school-aged children lament the write a report article Caterham, continuous and dreaded homework-as-worksheet.
While I understand the need for repetition, as a parent I often observe the lack of creativity and differentiation in the assignment of homework. Although I am their biggest cheerleader and of article CATS College, refrain from how to a report article Caterham School, criticizing their homework and/or teachers, I am concerned that this type of homework practice contributes to a diminishing of my children's love for learning and writing lists in essays The University, their enthusiasm for schooling. Parents interested in write on an School, a insightful yet scathing critique of type Cambridge, homework should check out Alfie Kohn's The Homework Myth. They can get a taste of write a report Caterham, his ideas here. Regardless of the quantity of Istituto Marangoni, homework assigned, it should never be portrayed (by teachers, principals, or families) as a punishment or something to get out of for on an article Caterham School, good behavior (Homework Passes are ultimately self-defeating). Rather, our collective energies should be spent (re)envisioning the quality of a summary of an academic article, homework to cultivate in our children a sense of how to on an School, achievement and a desire to learn more . I encourage all interested and passionate families to participate in their local Home and School Association or Parent Teacher Association to initiate change in essay writing classes Marangoni, their schools. Michael Schoch, Answers questions on Noodle. This is how to a report on an article School, a great question and I hope more people weigh in on it. Of course, this is also a question with a lot of subjective boundaries, considering that each individual school, class, teacher, student and how to write academic article, family contributes to whether a given amount of homework feels bearable or not. The studies and write a report article School, articles cited in the question are very informative and the topic is definitely a provocative one for a lot of parents. I thought I'd research the subject and contribute a few other articles to read and consider when weighing this question.
This article on Noodle, reposted from care.com, gives a great summary of parent concerns and teacher rationale. It even touches on the role of tutoring in the homework debate. This New York Times blog post discusses how much parents should help their kids' with homework and how to decide when academic honesty boundaries are being crossed. CNN polled a bunch of parents on its Facebook page and used the feedback to write a post about the appropriate amount of homework to assign students. The responses and conclusions were, predictably, varied. This post also includes studies conducted in 2006 and 2012 on of article writing College Cambridge, the relationship between quantity of write article, homework and student performance metrics. Hopefully these additional articles can help fuel some thoughtful discussion and debate. It's certainly an summary Westminster School, important question and one that's not likely to have a simple answer.
Thanks for asking it! Brittney Miller, Graduate student instructor, gifted education instructor. I agree with a lot of the how to on an Caterham, responses here. Homework should involve quality and constructive problems and projects that challenge students to master the material but not discourage them. In some subjects, it is easy to classes Marangoni assign a lot of the same kinds of problems because some teachers think repetition is how students learn, but I don't necessarily think this produces the best results for many students. How To Write A Report Article Caterham. I think it's important for parents to be aware of the what kind of homework their children are bringing home so they can communicate and discuss the material with their kids while spending quality family time with them.
Maryann Aita, Writer and Expert Tutor. I would certainly agree that the quality of writing Istituto Marangoni London, homework is write a report on an article Caterham, much more important than the quantity of it, but I would also say that homework needs to be more tailored to the individual. Ideally, each student would have homework to reinforce the concepts he or she needs reinforced , not the concepts the teacher feels should be reinforced . As a tutor, I have the of article writing CATS College, ability to tailor homework to a student's needs, which is incredibly helpful for a report, learning. Of course, teachers assigning different homework to each student isn't possible. I would argue that there should be more optional homework. For instance, instead of assigning pages of math problems, teachers could assign a range of problems and how to article The University of Kansas, students can stop when they feel they've grasped the concept. Or, an ELA teacher can assign a paper, but include varying degrees of difficulty to give students a choice in their homework. How To A Report On An Article Caterham School. Yes, there will be students who simply don't do the type CATS, work, but those students are already skipping their homework. I really believe that if you give students more freedom, many of them will rise to it. How To. Having confidence in your students can make a world of writing CATS College, difference. And you may be surprised how many students want to challenge themselves.
When students have choices, they'll already feel more ownership over their work. Degrees of homework can also keep struggling students from getting overly frustrated and excelling students feeling challenged enough. How To A Report On An Article Caterham. More options within assignments allows students to choose their own level of difficulty rather than be categorized by the teacher. I also agree with the idea that teachers should be working collaboratively when assigning homework -- not just to give students more manageable amounts of classes Marangoni London, homework, but to how to a report School give homework assignments that make connections between subjects. Blending subject matter, whether by write a summary of an academic of Kansas, writing essays about scientific concepts or exploring the write on an Caterham, history of math and how it affected cultural developments, is also an excellent way to Abbey Manchester help students with an aversion to one subject to write a report on an article School become more comfortable. I have worked with so many students who love English, but hate math, or enjoy lab work in science, but can't stand reading novels. Assigning homework that combines subjects not only cuts down on writing Istituto, homework time, it adds context.
Overall, I would urge less time spent on homework and more student ownership of their assignments. Matthew Clemens, Physics and Math Teacher, Parent, and how to write a report on an article, Tutor. This is a tough question because each subject matter differs. I teach AP Physics and I ask my students to do a lot of work outside of the classroom to ensure that they are able to learn all of the concepts the write article, College Board assesses. I offer time after school to help students so they do not need to seek help beyond the school walls, but I know that making it after school can be a challenge for those who work or participate in sports and other activities.
As the a report on an article, question asks, tutoring can be an option, but that should be more for understanding challenging concepts, not to help with a child who is overburdened with homework. Concerned parents should consider reaching out to the teacher to write a summary article see if there is anything they can suggest to a report on an School support your student. Please sign in or register with Noodle to answer this question.
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Get Inspired With Biography Research! Part 2 — Project Ideas. Once you have your students hooked on write a report Caterham reading biographies, they’ll be itching to share their newfound biographical knowledge with each other and the world. Fact-filled biography research lends itself to a wide range of creative projects. Perhaps the greatest challenge is academic The University of Kansas teaching our students how to focus on just the “important stuff”! Here is a sampling of the biography projects and lessons I’ve tried with my class. Last week I shared an annotated list of my favorite biographies, and stay tuned for our culminating biography project next week! Phase 1: Meet the Books Biography Sorting. When beginning our biography unit, I build excitement by dragging out a big cardboard box stuffed with biographies.
I offer to clear off a couple of bookshelves and provide baskets, however it is write on an Caterham up to the students to come up with a logical plan for type CATS College sorting and storing the books in how to a report Caterham our classroom library. To solve this authentic problem, the students work in small groups. Type Writing College Cambridge! First they peruse all of the biographies, discussing their observations: there are different series, formats, subjects, and sizes. A Report On An Article Caterham School! While sifting through dozens of books, the excitement builds, and soon enough, students are shouting to essay writing classes Marangoni friends about their finds. Write Caterham! Students always want to begin reading their favorites right away, and writing Istituto I have to put them off they have a mission to finish! Each group charts a proposal for categorizing the biographies and presents their plan.
After the students vote on the organization schemes, they finally sort the books according to the winning plan, and at long last the on an biographies are available for article reading (insert raucous cheers!) Yes, it’d be faster if I just sorted the biographies myself. Article School! However the sorting process familiarizes the high school College Manchester class with the how to School range of biographies and it challenges them with higher order thinking, all while tempting students with new books. Over the write a articles of Northampton years, my students have sorted the write article Caterham biographies by a articles The University (NAVITAS) time periods, alphabetically by a report on an article Caterham subject name, and based on the subjects’ main contributions. Phase 2: Research Time Determining Importance for Note-taking. I’ve noticed that my 3rd graders really struggle with distinguishing the important biographical facts worth saving from the Marangoni cool, but random facts they read. When their biography research notes quickly fill up with minutiae, I know that it’s time to introduce the “determining importance” strategy. We begin by talking about a yearlong voyage in space, and I ask which ten items they would choose to bring for the journey. My students sketch the contents of their intergalactic suitcases, deciding on the ten most important items to bring. Then I extend this suitcase metaphor to their research. We discuss their process of how to write on an article School, choosing items for their suitcase, and then think about which of these criteria also apply to researching.
Finally, I have my students practice coding research notes on a graphic organizer, using symbols to mark the most important information and the facts they would excise. I take notes about a biography read-aloud for the students to use, since they are less attached to my notes than to their own. A-g Requirements High College! After doing their own research, my students repeat the how to write a report article Caterham same process of write a articles, coding the most important facts. Phase 3: Share What You Learned Biography Projects. Now that your students are experts about certain biography subjects, they are eager to share what they’ve learned. I’ve tried all of these projects in my classroom. Some of the projects were required, while others were options that I created using a biography menu.
The projects range from very simple, single-period activities to more involved experiences. This is a quick and easy one. Students use a sentence strip (or two taped together) to create a long time line of key events in their subject’s life. I use this Printable time line template for students to plan their final time line. While teaching about chronological time lines, I squeeze in a bit of testing language that builds on the idea of sequencing. In addition to acrostic poems and clerihew poems (which I wrote about in my previous blog post about Abraham Lincoln,) my students enjoy writing odes and diamante poems about their biography subjects. ReadWriteThink.org has a template for how to write on an Caterham School very structured biography poems. Here are templates for three biographical poem formats, excerpted from 30 Biography Book Reports by Deborah Rovin-Murphy, and available through Scholastic’s Teacher Express. Many of my students love the Dear America and My Name is America series, both of write a articles of Northampton (NAVITAS), which focus on first hand accounts of American history told through the journals of young Americans. With these favorite chapter books as mentor texts, my students already have a strong background in fictional historical diaries, and how to write article they are eager to type writing College Cambridge try writing their own historical diaries from the point of view of their biography research subjects.
To the right, a student's diary, written fictitiously by Dr. Write On An Caterham! Martin Luther King Jr. After visiting a wax museum with my class, my students proposed creating a wax museum of sorts back at school to share information with other classes about lists, their biography research subjects. I couldn’t get my hands on enough wax, but I had plenty of how to on an, air-dry and modeling clay, so the students created clay sculptures instead. They wrote biographical placards, much like those they saw at the wax museum, and write a summary The University of Kansas then set up museum exhibits around the classroom.
Student curators decided on logical arrangements of sculptures, and how to write a report they led students from other classes through our “museum,” sharing information about each person during the a-g requirements high Abbey College tours. My students’ favorite biography project was creating short animated movies using the a report on an article website, Voki. Students decided to create movies in the character of lists in essays, a biography subject, or they created a narrator character to speak in the third person about their biography subject. They tried to pack as many facts as they could into how to write a report School, thirty-second “commercial” time slots. Voki has an Westminster School, education oriented portal that allows each student to have their own username and password, while the teacher manages the assignments and can view each of the students’ products. Rowan and Chloe's voki avatars briefly tell you about write a report article School, Gail Devers and Marco Polo.
Even More Biography Project Ideas! My teacher role model and fellow blogger Genia shared a fabulous idea for creating organized and attractive biography reports in essay her blog post, Black History Month and Presidents' Day Biography Reports . I plan on trying out “biography people” with my students next year! Check out Beth Newingham’s description of the “living wax museum” the students create at her school to how to write a report celebrate Black History Month. Fact-web posters help my students organize their biography research. For updates on my future blog posts, you can follow me on Facebook or Twitter, and stay tuned for our culminating biography writing project next week. Once you have your students hooked on reading biographies, they’ll be itching to share their newfound biographical knowledge with each other and the world. Fact-filled biography research lends itself to writing classes Istituto Marangoni a wide range of creative projects. Perhaps the greatest challenge is teaching our students how to focus on just the “important stuff”!
Here is a sampling of the biography projects and lessons I’ve tried with my class. Last week I shared an how to write on an School, annotated list of how to write of an academic The University of Kansas, my favorite biographies, and stay tuned for article Caterham School our culminating biography project next week! Phase 1: Meet the type writing College Cambridge Books Biography Sorting. When beginning our biography unit, I build excitement by dragging out a big cardboard box stuffed with biographies. How To A Report On An Article Caterham School! I offer to clear off a couple of bookshelves and provide baskets, however it is up to the students to Abbey College come up with a logical plan for write article Caterham sorting and storing the write of Northampton (NAVITAS) books in our classroom library. To solve this authentic problem, the students work in small groups. A Report On An Article School! First they peruse all of the writing lists in essays The University of Kansas biographies, discussing their observations: there are different series, formats, subjects, and sizes.
While sifting through dozens of write on an Caterham School, books, the excitement builds, and of article writing soon enough, students are shouting to friends about their finds. Students always want to begin reading their favorites right away, and I have to put them off they have a mission to finish! Each group charts a proposal for Caterham School categorizing the biographies and a summary article The University of Kansas presents their plan. After the students vote on the organization schemes, they finally sort the books according to the winning plan, and at long last the biographies are available for write a report on an Caterham School reading (insert raucous cheers!) Yes, it’d be faster if I just sorted the biographies myself. However the sorting process familiarizes the class with the range of biographies and it challenges them with higher order thinking, all while tempting students with new books. Over the years, my students have sorted the biographies by time periods, alphabetically by subject name, and a-g requirements school Abbey College Manchester based on the subjects’ main contributions. Phase 2: Research Time Determining Importance for Note-taking.
I’ve noticed that my 3rd graders really struggle with distinguishing the important biographical facts worth saving from the write a report on an article School cool, but random facts they read. When their biography research notes quickly fill up with minutiae, I know that it’s time to introduce the “determining importance” strategy. We begin by talking about a yearlong voyage in space, and I ask which ten items they would choose to bring for the journey. The University Of Northampton! My students sketch the contents of their intergalactic suitcases, deciding on the ten most important items to bring. Write On An Caterham! Then I extend this suitcase metaphor to their research. We discuss their process of high school Abbey, choosing items for their suitcase, and write a report on an then think about which of these criteria also apply to researching. Finally, I have my students practice coding research notes on a graphic organizer, using symbols to mark the most important information and the facts they would excise. Summary Westminster School! I take notes about how to write on an article School, a biography read-aloud for the students to use, since they are less attached to my notes than to their own. After doing their own research, my students repeat the essay classes Istituto Marangoni London same process of coding the most important facts. Phase 3: Share What You Learned Biography Projects. Now that your students are experts about certain biography subjects, they are eager to share what they’ve learned.
I’ve tried all of these projects in my classroom. Some of the projects were required, while others were options that I created using a biography menu. The projects range from very simple, single-period activities to more involved experiences. This is a quick and easy one. Students use a sentence strip (or two taped together) to create a long time line of key events in their subject’s life. A Report Article Caterham School! I use this Printable time line template for article summary Westminster School students to plan their final time line. While teaching about write a report article Caterham School, chronological time lines, I squeeze in a bit of testing language that builds on the idea of sequencing. In addition to acrostic poems and clerihew poems (which I wrote about in Istituto London my previous blog post about Abraham Lincoln,) my students enjoy writing odes and diamante poems about their biography subjects.
ReadWriteThink.org has a template for very structured biography poems. Here are templates for three biographical poem formats, excerpted from 30 Biography Book Reports by Deborah Rovin-Murphy, and available through Scholastic’s Teacher Express. Many of my students love the Dear America and My Name is America series, both of which focus on first hand accounts of American history told through the journals of young Americans. With these favorite chapter books as mentor texts, my students already have a strong background in fictional historical diaries, and a report on an article School they are eager to write of an of Kansas try writing their own historical diaries from the point of view of their biography research subjects. To the right, a student's diary, written fictitiously by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. After visiting a wax museum with my class, my students proposed creating a wax museum of sorts back at school to share information with other classes about their biography research subjects. I couldn’t get my hands on enough wax, but I had plenty of how to write a report Caterham, air-dry and of an academic article modeling clay, so the students created clay sculptures instead. They wrote biographical placards, much like those they saw at the wax museum, and then set up museum exhibits around the on an article Caterham School classroom. Student curators decided on logical arrangements of sculptures, and they led students from other classes through our “museum,” sharing information about each person during the tours.
My students’ favorite biography project was creating short animated movies using the website, Voki. Students decided to create movies in the character of Westminster School, a biography subject, or they created a narrator character to speak in how to a report on an article School the third person about their biography subject. They tried to pack as many facts as they could into thirty-second “commercial” time slots. Voki has an education oriented portal that allows each student to have their own username and password, while the teacher manages the assignments and can view each of the students’ products. Rowan and Chloe's voki avatars briefly tell you about Gail Devers and Marco Polo. Even More Biography Project Ideas! My teacher role model and fellow blogger Genia shared a fabulous idea for creating organized and attractive biography reports in her blog post, Black History Month and writing in essays of Kansas Presidents' Day Biography Reports . I plan on trying out “biography people” with my students next year! Check out Beth Newingham’s description of the “living wax museum” the students create at her school to celebrate Black History Month.
Fact-web posters help my students organize their biography research. For updates on my future blog posts, you can follow me on write on an Caterham Facebook or Twitter, and stay tuned for CATS College Cambridge our culminating biography writing project next week. Share your ideas about this article. TM ® © 2017 Scholastic Inc. All Rights Reserved. TM ® © 2016 Scholastic Inc.
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