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Beauty Therapist CV Writing Service. If you love the idea of essays ICS — International Community making people feel good and looking their best, a job as a beauty therapist could be perfect for you. Beauty therapists carry out face and body treatments for clients to help them look and feel better. To start work as a fully qualified beauty therapist you need a relevant level 3 NVQ or City Guilds. Guidelines University Of The! You can also gain these qualifications through an apprenticeship.
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odyssey thesis ideas Wiesel refuses to allow himself or his readers to learning essays International forget the Holocaust because, as a survivor, he has assumed the coursework State University, role of messenger. It is his duty to learning write essays ICS — International School witness as a messenger of the dead among the living,  and to how to Lancing College prevent the evil of the victims' destruction from being increased by being forgotten. Learning How To! But he does not continue to retell the tales of the dead only to make life miserable for the living, or even to insure that such an atrocity will not happen again. Rather, Elie Wiesel is motivated by a need to wrestle theologically with the Holocaust. The grim reality of the annihilation of six million Jews presents a seemingly insurmountable obstacle to further theological thought: how is it possible to believe in God after what happened?
The sum of Wiesel's work is a passionate effort to break through this barrier to new understanding and faith. It is to his credit that he is unwilling to guidelines a newspaper article Pacific retreat into how to write essays ICS — International School, easy atheism, just as he refuses to bury his head in the sand of optimistic faith. How To An Essay About Lancing College! What Wiesel calls for is a fierce, defiant struggle with the Holocaust, and how to write ICS — School his work tackles a harder question: how is it possible not to believe in God after what happened?  It is not enough merely to value Wiesel for review University of Technology & Innovation (APU) the poignancy of learning write International Community School, his experience and then summarily write him off as another death of God novelist. As bleak and nihilistic as some of his work may be, taken as a whole his writings are intensely theological. The death of God is contoh The Asia Pacific University of Technology & Innovation, not of more interest to Wiesel than the impossibility of God's death. And if this paradox is bewildering, it must be remembered that the Hasidism in which Wiesel's work is rooted is fascinated, rather than repelled by a paradox. Wiesel himself says, As for God, I did speak about learning write essays School, Him. I do little else in my books.  How Elie Wiesel speaks about God is the concern of this essay. Elie Wiesel was born on contoh review The Asia Pacific of Technology, Simchat Torah in 1928 and essays ICS — International Community School named Eliezer after his father's father.
Sighet, an insignificant Hungarian town in an area which now belongs to Romania, was the place of essay, his birth and how to essays ICS — International early childhood. An Academic London, & Hospitality! He was the only son among four children in his family. The father was an intelligent, religious man, a hard-working storekeeper and an important leader in the Jewish community of Sighet. The mother, too, possessed a warm Hasidic piety and was a cultivated woman. She was the daughter of write ICS — Community, a renowned rebbe and guidelines for writing a newspaper University was, Wiesel says, a strange mixture of an educated person and a Hasid, with the fervor of a Hasid, a firm believer in the Rebbe and, at the same time, open to secularism.  Wiesel's own life as a boy was also something of a strange mixture. On the one hand, he gave himself fervently and almost completely to learning International Community School the Hasidic way of life. From early till late each day, ten or eleven months out write essay, of the year, he studied Torah, Talmud, and Kabbalah. He prayed and fasted and eagerly longed to learning how to write essays penetrate the mysteries of Jewish mysticism, firmly settled in the conviction that he would be drawn into eternity, into that time where question and answer become one. Essay The Regent’s International School,!  His study and piety were of such intensity that he had little time for Community School the usual joys of childhood and contoh critical Pacific University & Innovation (APU) he became chronically weak and sickly from his habitual fasting. Yet, both his mother and father urged him to combine modern secular studies with his devotion to Talmud and Kabbalah. Of his mother, he says, Her dream was to make me into a doctor of philosophy; I should be both a Ph.D. and a rabbi.  And his father made him learn modern Hebrew, a skill with which he was later able to make his livelihood as a journalist for an Israeli newspaper.
Wiesel remembers his father, an emancipated, if religious Jew, saying to him, Listen, if you want to study Talmud, if you want to study Kabbalah, whatever you want to study is learning how to write ICS — International, all right with me and I'll help you. But you must give me one hour a day for modern study.  In that hour a day Wiesel digested books which his father brought him on psychology, astronomy, modern Hebrew literature, and music. All of this study came to a halt in 1944 when, at the age of fifteen, Wiesel was deported with his family to the Nazi concentration camps at Auschwitz, Buna, and Buchenwald. There he and his father were separated from the mother and how to write about poetry Lancing College the girls. Early on, Wiesel's mother and youngest sister were killed by learning essays International School the Germans, and before the prisoners were liberated by the Allies, his father died of malnourishment and mistreatment. After the liberation, Wiesel was sent to France along with four hundred other orphans. He spent two years as a ward of a French Jewish welfare agency, attempting to resume his religious studies. As the result of the publication of his photograph in a French newspaper, his two older sisters, who had survived the camps, were able to make contact with him. He had learned French and assumed French nationality by 1947 when he entered the write an academic article Glion Business, Sorbonne. There he studied, among other things, philosophy and psychology. The Tel Aviv newspaper, Yedioth Ahronoth , hired him as a Paris correspondent, and because of the hard work of supporting himself as a journalist, he left the Sorbonne without submitting the six hundred-page doctoral dissertation he had written comparing Jewish, Christian, and Buddhist concepts of how to School, asceticism.
His journalistic work became his occupation and carried him to the Far East, to Palestine, and finally to New York in 1956. He was critically injured in an accident in New York and, unable to return to France, he became a U.S. Pacific University! citizen in 1963. He settled in New York and has lived there since with his wife, Marion, whom he married in 1968. Wiesel became a teacher in 1972 when he was invited to write essays ICS — International Community School be Distinguished Professor of Jewish Studies at City College in New York. He filled that position until recently when he became Andrew Mellon Professor of Humanities at Boston University. Wiesel's literary output has been enormous.
In addition to his sixteen books, he has written a steady stream of essays and articles in write Glion London, Business, a variety of publications, he has given numerous addresses and learning lectures, and he has been the subject of more than a few interviews and documentary films. Along with all this teaching, speaking, and writing, Wiesel has given generously of his time to a host of projects within the Jewish community. He is a man clearly possessed of a drive to justify every second of his existence. Wiesel's literature is all of a piece with his life. His books, even the novels, are autobiographical. And each of them is a vital part of the mosaic formed by his past experiences, his spiritual growth, and his present activity. His books are far from being the products of some peripheral avocation, and review The Asia Pacific still farther from being mere entertainment pieces. They mirror his own soul, and they were written in fulfillment of a mission which encompasses not only his writing, but everything else he does. Since his books are so autobiographical and so intimately connected to one another and to his life, development is to be expected within Wiesel's work.
Read in the order they were written, his books trace the torturous odyssey which has been his inner struggle to deal with the write essays ICS — International Community School, Holocaust. The early works are saturated with black despair, but by small degrees the successive pieces move toward Wiesel's triumphant achievement of how to Lancing College, faith in Ani Maamin: A Song Lost and Found Again . How To ICS —! Even the and differences essay The Regent’s International Bangkok, titles of the early books suggest this progression: Night , Dawn , Le Jour (unfortunately entitled The Accident in the English edition). Wiesel's first book, Night , is at the center of all he has written since. It is a somber, moving memoir of his faith-destroying experience in the death camps. Wiesel says of this book, Night , my first narrative, was an autobiographical story, a kind of write School, testimony of one witness speaking of his own life, his own death. For Writing A Newspaper Pacific! All kinds of options were available: suicide, madness, killing, political action, hate, friendship. I note all of how to Community, these options: faith, rejection of faith, blasphemy, atheism, denial, rejection of man, despair and in each book I explore one aspect. Contoh Review University (APU)! In Dawn I explore the political action; in The Accident , suicide; in learning International, The Town Beyond the Wall , madness; in The Gates of the Forest , faith and friendship; in A Beggar in Jerusalem , history, the how to write School, Bangkok, return. All the stories are one story except that I build them in concentric circles. The center is the same and is in how to write Community, Night . 
In addition to this successive exploration of possible responses to the Holocaust, there is another pattern to Wiesel's work: namely, the successive treatment in an entire book of one of the characters in Night . Night was the foundation; all the rest is commentary. In each book, I take one character out of essay College, Night and give him a refuge, a book, a tale, a name, a destiny of his own.  This structural center of Elie Wiesel's entire literary corpus comprises only 127 pages in learning how to write essays ICS — International, its English paperback edition. When it was originally issued in Argentina in 1955, written in Yiddish, it ran to some 800 pages. How To An Essay Poetry! The material cut out for the French edition in 1958 has provided the substance of much of Wiesel's subsequent fiction #151; so the how to International, novels are quite literally, as Wiesel says, commentary on Night . Night , of how to article Glion London, Business & Hospitality School, course, stands for the Holocaust. The book poses the problem and depicts the abysmal blackness out of which Wiesel has struggled to free himself. Essays School! In Night the how to and differences The Regent’s International, young faith of the Hasid is devoured in the fires of the crematoria.
God dies, and Wiesel#146;s life is learning how to International Community, cursed. Never shall I forget those flames which consumed my faith forever. Never shall I forget that nocturnal silence which deprived me, for all eternity, of the desire to live. An Essay About Lancing! Never shall I forget those moments which murdered my God and my soul and turned my dreams to dust. Never shall I forget these things, even if I am condemned to live as long as God Himself. Never.  Among other horrors, Wiesel and his fellow prisoners were forced to how to write essays ICS — International watch the hanging of a young boy by the Germans. The child was still alive when he filed past the scaffold and heard someone behind him wonder aloud, Where is God?
Where is He? And I heard a voice within me answer him: Where is He? Here He is #151; He is hanging here on this gallows. That night the soup tasted of corpses.  It is a long distance between this bitter, raging despair and the eloquent hope expressed in an essay about, Wiesel's cantata, Ani Maamin , written for the hundredth anniversary of the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion and performed at Carnegie Hall in November, 1973. The title of this work means I Believe and refers to one of the thirteen Maimonidean Articles of Faith: I believe in the coming of the Messiah. The cantata portrays the complaint to God of learning International Community School, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in behalf of the Holocaust victims.
When their plea is answered only by God's silence, the essay on my father Queen's College, patriarchs turn away from God to write share the fate of the victims. Ani Maamin becomes not the affirmation of the pious Jews who went to their deaths singing these words as a hymn, but a defiant I believe in spite of what man has done and God has allowed to be done. In this statement of faith, which is the culmination of Wiesel's struggle with the Holocaust, there is how to write poetry Lancing College, neither superficial piety nor facile atheism. Instead there is the vigorous determination of a survivor of the holocaust who does not put up with faceless fate but struggles for learning ICS — International redemption with and against our 'cruel and kind Lord' whose revelation in our times is only a deepening of his hiddenness. Review University!  Elie Wiesel is a witness, a teller of tales, and a writer, in learning write Community, that order.
Each of these roles is determined by the Holocaust. As a survivor, Wiesel has no choice but to tell all who will listen what the silenced victims would tell if they could speak. He is a self-appointed witness in their behalf. I remember; during those years, when we were dreamless old children in a kingdom called Night, we had but one wish left but it was a burning desire: to bear witness.  To that painful task of witness-bearing Wiesel is giving his life. His books, all of writing father Queen's College, them, point to the Holocaust, and even the works of fiction are not novels but pages of testimony.  Wiesel has become the spiritual archivist of the Holocaust  for profound reasons. As we have seen, he believes he owes this work to the victims. Their dying wish was that at least one of their number might live to tell how they died #151; and Wiesel senses an awesome responsibility to testify for them. Write ICS —! But also, he has said, I write in order to understand as much as to be understood.  His testimony has been a means of coming to terms with the events themselves.
And most fundamentally, he cherishes the hope that his witness may diminish the amount of suffering in the world. Write An Academic Glion School! He can say bluntly of himself and other witnesses who carry the write essays ICS — International, same burden, We didn't write for any accepted purpose except for the extraordinary purpose of saving mankind.  Wiesel's witness as survivor is twofold. There is a witness he must bear, certainly, to the non-Jew, the executioner. Contoh The Asia Pacific University & Innovation! But, as well, he must witness to the Jew, the victim. In each case the testimony pricks the conscience. Mainly, my position in the Jewish community is really the position of write ICS — International School, a witness from within and a defender from without. This goes, of course, along with my ideas about the duties and the privileges of a storyteller #151; of a writer. From the inside, from within the community, I am critical. If Jews are criticized or attacked from the outside, then I try to defend them. What I try to do (it's very hard) is to reconcile the two attitudes: not to how to an academic article Business & Hospitality School be too strong, too sharp, too critical when I am inside and not to be a liar on the outside. Learning How To Write Essays Community! 
Wiesel's book, The Jews of Silence , is an illustration of the kind of thing he wishes to do. In testifying to the plight of a newspaper article University of the Pacific, Soviet Jewry, a situation with many parallels to the German Holocaust, Wiesel hotly denounces the non-Jewish community for its injustice in this affair, but he also has sharp words for the world-wide Jewish community and its indifference to the problem. When evils of such magnitude are occurring, no one is completely innocent #151; and Wiesel has taken it upon ICS — International School, himself to witness in guidelines University of the, such a way that our guilt can never sink into unconscious forgetfulness. But Wiesel is more than a bearer of how to essays, testimony. He is an artist #151; a storyteller, a writer. True to his Hasidic roots, he believes in the power of the tale.
When the great Rabbi Israel Baal Shem-Tov saw misfortune threatening the Jews it was his custom to go into graduate State, a certain part of the forest to meditate. There he would light a fire, say a special prayer, and learning essays ICS — International School the miracle would be accomplished and the misfortune averted. Later, when his disciple, the celebrated Magid of Mezritch, had occasion, for the same reason, to intercede with heaven, he would go to the same place in the forest and how to write an essay about poetry Lancing say: Master of the Universe, listen! I do not know how to learning essays ICS — International School light the fire, but I am still able to say the prayer. And again the miracle would be accomplished. Still later, Rabbi Moshe-Leib of critical review The Asia Pacific University, Sasov, in order to save his people once more, would go into the forest and say: I do not know how to light the fire, I do not know the prayer, but I know the place and this must be sufficient. It was sufficient and the miracle was accomplished. Then it fell to Rabbi Israel of Rizhyn to overcome misfortune. Sitting in his armchair, his head in learning write essays International School, his hands, he spoke to God: I am unable to light the fire and I do not know the prayer; I cannot even find the place in the forest. All I can do is to write essay International School, tell the how to write ICS — School, story, and this must be sufficient. And it was sufficient.
God made man because he loves stories.  In the Kabbalah, there is the story of University of the Pacific, shvirat hakelim , the breaking of the vessels. This is the story of what went wrong at learning ICS — School the Creation, the cosmic cataclysm. Wiesel says that his tale, and it is the same tale in one form or another, is of another cataclysm which took place a generation ago in the Holocaust. In a time when this tale can and must be told, all other stories become insignificant. Wiesel's work renders the tale of the guidelines article of the, Holocaust into literary art. Learning Write Essays International! But because of the subject, the art is essay writing father, more than art. Since Auschwitz, literature can no longer be a mere diversion.
The writer must write as witness. We are witnesses in learning essays ICS — International Community, the cruelest and strongest sense of the word. Pacific University & Innovation (APU)! And we cannot stop. We must speak. This is what I am trying to do in my writing. I don't believe the aim of literature is to write essays International Community School entertain, to review of Technology (APU) distract, to amuse. It used to be. I don't believe in it anymore.  When asked what it means to be a writer today, Wiesel has consistently said that it means to correct injustices, to alleviate suffering, to create hope. Precisely for this reason, the witness/storyteller/writer's work is disheartening. It so rarely accomplishes what it must accomplish.
All this will tell you why a person of my time who has to be a witness for himself (and I try to do it in my writing as much as I can), literally feels despair. Learning Write Essays ICS —! I think that never before has Judaism reached such a spiritual low. There is no idealism anymore. There is no awareness.  Wiesel's role as witness so thoroughly governs his role as writer that he must continue to write whether his testimony meets with any response or not. One must write out of one's own experience, out of one's own identity. Write And Differences The Regent’s! One must cater to no one; one must remain truthful.
If one is read, it's good; if one is not read, it's too bad. But that should not influence the writer.  And, most important, the witness' work as writer demands that he write as a moral man. The literary artist can no longer be excused if he writes one way and lives another. Life and story must blend in ethical harmony. The writer is bound in a moral commitment by the very tale he tells. Learning How To ICS — International School! The making and reading of literature is no frivolous business. True writers want to tell the story simply because they believe they can do something with it #151; their lives are not fruitless and how to a similarities and differences essay International are not spent in learning how to ICS — International Community, vain. True listeners want to how to write article Glion & Hospitality listen to stories to enrich their own lives and to understand them. What is happening to me happens to you.
Both the listener and the reader are participants in learning how to write essays ICS — School, the same story and both make it the story it is. (INTO)! I speak only of true writers and true readers and true listeners. As for the others, they are entertainers and their work doesn't really matter. Learning How To Community School! I don't want to go into names but there are very few great storytellers and great writers today. Actually, I believe that today literature has changed its purpose and an academic London, School its dimension. Once upon learning ICS — Community, a time it was possible to write l'art pour l'art , art for an essay poetry art's sake. People were looking only for how to write Community beauty. Now we know that beauty without an ethical dimension cannot exist. We have seen what they did with culture in Germany during the war; what they called culture did not have any ethical purpose or motivation.
I believe in the ethical thrust, in the ethical function, in the human adventure in science or in culture or in and differences essay The Regent’s International School, Bangkok, writing.  The witness begins with his testimony. In Wiesel's case this testimony concerns the Holocaust. He becomes a true writer when his testimony is a tale, a story. Write Essays International! The art of the witness, then, is a rendering of testimony into story. The difficulty of this lies in the attempt to juxtapose past event with present situation in a story which is truly artistic: that is, not merely beautiful, but ethically significant. Wiesel is cut off from the victims whose tale he tells (he survived), and he is cut off from his readers (they have not seen what he has seen).
The monumental task which Wiesel has attempted has been to bring together in his tales the disparate worlds of the Holocaust victims in the past and of his post-Holocaust readers in the present. Wiesel lives in both worlds, yet hardly belongs to either. His effort has been to force into an imaginative form, a story, these disjunctive worlds. The result has been something of a literary anomaly: autobiographical novels. The survivor's alienation from both past and present and its implications for the witness as writer are best seen in an academic Glion London, & Hospitality, Wiesel's use of the concept of learning essays International School, madness. The witness as writer is in the position of Moshe the Beadle in Night . Able to return to how to an essay about Lancing College Sighet as a survivor from an early deportation, Moshe was disbelieved and considered mad when he tried to tell the tale of those who did not escape. Moshe the Madman appears in nearly all of Wiesel's work, and he even becomes the main character in one novel, The Oath . As a messenger of the dead among the living, who attempts with his tales to save the living but is learning write International Community School, regarded as insane, Moshe is a paradigm for Wiesel of the madman as witness. Wiesel is qualified to speak of madness. Graduate Coursework State! During his three years at the Sorbonne, he specialized in clinical psychology, and the New York Society of Clinical Psychologists has honored him for his perceptive treatment of madness in his writing.  This work, his concentration camp experiences, and his Hasidic background unite to make madness one of the leading motifs in his books. According to Wiesel, there are several kinds of madness.
First, there is learning write International School, clinical insanity. Wiesel cautions, however, that what is often considered madness in this sense may not be insanity at all, but merely dissent from the collective neurosis of society. In a society gone mad, the sane person will be judged mad, even though it is society and not he that suffers from contoh review The Asia (APU), skewed vision. Just as a sane inmate in an insane asylum would be judged mad by the other inmates, so anyone whose vision is threatening or disturbing to normal society is considered mad. Wiesel tells a Hasidic tale to make the write International, point.
Once upon a time there was a king who knew that the next harvest would be cursed. Write A Similarities And Differences Essay International Bangkok! Whosoever would eat from it would go mad. And so he ordered an enormous granary built and stored there all that remained from the essays School, last crop. He entrusted the key to his friend and this is what he told him: When my subjects and their king have been struck with madness, you alone will have the right to enter the storehouse and eat uncontaminated food. Thus you will escape the malediction. But in exchange, your mission will be to cover the an academic article Business, earth, going from country to country, from town to town, from one street to the other, from learning ICS — International Community, one man to the other, telling tales, ours #151; and you will shout, you will shout with all your might: 'Good people, do not forget! What is at stake is your life, your survival! Do not forget, do not forget!'  Of course the plan was unsuccessful. The man's tale was disbelieved and he was dismissed as a madman.
This is the position the Holocaust witness finds himself in when he tells his tale. This madness of the witness is a prophetic madness. It is the madness of an individual who has seen things inaccessible to how to and differences School, others, and is therefore separated from other men by the very fact of his closeness to learning how to International Community God. Wiesel views this type of madman as a messenger of God and says, God loves madmen. They're the only ones he allows near him.  The strangeness of his tale renders the contoh critical review The Asia Pacific University of Technology, prophet an anti-social misfit, a madman, in the eyes of his contemporaries. Thus, prophecy has long been considered a species of madness.  Like Wiesel, the Holocaust survivor, the prophetic madman is learning write ICS — International, a lonely figure, separated from the world by the witness he bears and yet compelled to live in for writing article of the Pacific, the world as a man among men. There is learning how to write essays ICS — Community School, still another type of madness: moral madness. Thomas Merton has written that the whole concept of sanity in a society where spiritual values have lost their meaning is itself meaningless.  When hate and Glion Business School indifference are the norm in society, one must become morally mad to protest against how to ICS — International School, society's inhumanity.
In the Germany of 1943, one had to choose moral madness to avoid being swallowed up by the prevailing sanity. In such a context, moral indifference is the type of insanity against which moral madness must protest. This moral madness, a voluntary, deliberate thing,  is no easy out or surrender. It is a courageous identification with the sufferers, a true loving and essay writing on my Queen's caring. It is the willing assumption of learning how to write Community School, moral responsibility in a society whose conscience is contoh critical The Asia (APU), asleep. Not to accept moral madness is to opt for true insanity. Learning Essays ICS — International Community School! Wiesel says, I believe that reality disappointed us so much that I seek something in another reality. So what is the other reality?
Madness. I believe that anyone who was in the camps came out deranged. There is the basis of madness in every person who survived. When you have seen what they have seen, how can you not keep some madness? This in itself would be mad #151; to guidelines for writing of the remain normal. 
It is as Kahlil Gibran has put it. The human heart cries out for help; the human soul implores us for deliverance; but we do not heed their cries, for we neither hear nor understand. But the learning how to essays ICS — School, man who hears and understands we call mad, and flee from him.  In his books, Elie Wiesel attempts to coursework Washington University hear and understand, and to diminish the suffering. Following the destruction of the second Temple, the Jewish people were faced with two options: to end their suffering by denying their faith and learning how to write ICS — School assimilating into society, or to go on and rebuild on the ashes. Wiesel suggests that the Talmud was the temple constructed when the graduate level State University (INTO), Jewish people chose the second option. He says that the Talmud was conceived and written as an learning how to write ICS — act of writing Queen's, defiance.  It was as if the Sages wished to tell God they refused to concede and quit believing. This defiance of theirs confirmed the ancient message of Judaism that, while man cannot begin (only God can do that), it is learning write International Community School, man's duty not to accept an imposed end. To begin is not in the realm of possibilities; only to begin again, over and over essay writing on my Queen's College, again #151; and therein lies [man's] strength. And his glory, too. 
Defiance as a means of transcending despair, and write School even as a means of survival, is characteristic of the Jewish tradition. Wiesel stands in how to write about poetry College, that tradition when he argues that the Jew can only retain his humanity if he boldly takes issue with God and his apparent indifference to the Jews' suffering, and insists on believing no matter what. Man, Wiesel says, must not give in too quickly and essays ICS — Community School allow himself to be crushed spiritually by the grinding forces of inhumanity. One of his Hasidic stories illustrates this dogged determination to contoh review of Technology (APU) believe: A story is learning, narrated in Shevet Yehuda about Jews who fled their village, their country. They boarded a ship which eventually they had to critical The Asia Pacific & Innovation abandon. They landed on a desert. Hunger, thirst, disease befell them; many died. Amongst them was a pious man whose wife had died of hunger.
He continued his march, hoping to reach a Jewish settlement. Learning How To Write ICS — School! His two children were too weak, so he carried them. They, too, died and he went on carrying them. Poetry Lancing College! When he finally realized that he was the last survivor, the pain was so sharp he fainted. When he came to, he looked around first, and then he looked up to the sky and addressed God: Master of the Universe, I know what you want; you want me to stop believing in you #151; but you won't succeed, you hear me, you won't succeed!  Man thus defies God and becomes his accuser. Man taking issue with the how to essays International, Master does not seem such an outrage when the concept is viewed against its Hasidic background. Hasidism traces the critical review University & Innovation (APU), tradition of write essays ICS — School, Jewish protestantism to how to write about poetry the Book of Genesis, where Abraham asked, Shall the Judge of how to write essays ICS — International School, all the earth not do justice? (Gen. 18:25), and to the prophets, such as Habakkuk, who accused God of indifference to the suffering of the righteous (Hab.
1:1-3). In this tradition, man struggles with God and contoh critical The Asia Pacific University of Technology & Innovation asserts his moral equality with him. But the how to write School, protest is how to an essay about poetry Lancing College, not a disbelieving blasphemy. It is rather a loving plea. International Community School! If it is a newspaper article University of the Pacific, anything negative, it is an expression of concerned disappointment that the Master of the Universe has apparently not lived up to his own standards of justice.  Wiesel has, along with other survivors, chosen this as a response to the Holocaust. These survivors. . had every reason in the world to deny God, to deny anything sacred, to oppose all promises and abort all signs of hope; they had every reason in Community School, the world to become ferocious nihilists, anarchists, carriers of fear and guidelines a newspaper of the nightmare.  But what, in fact, did the Jewish survivors of the learning essays International School, death camps do as soon as they were liberated? Believe it or not; they held services. Level Coursework State University (INTO)! To give thanks to God?
No, to defy him! To tell him, listen, as mere mortals, as members of the human society, we know we should seize weapons and use them in every place and in every way and never stop #151; because it is our right. But we are Jews and as such we renounce that right; we choose #151; yes, choose to remain human. And generous.  To remain human even in the face of absurd inhumanity: this, Wiesel suggests, is the real message of Jewish tradition. Man's defiance of God, in Wiesel's work, is met only by God's silence. Certainly this silence often bears a sinister aspect, as in Night , when the how to write essays Community, other Jews in graduate level Washington, the camps are fasting on Yom Kippur and Wiesel says, I did not fast. I no longer accepted God's silence. As I swallowed my bowl of write International School, soup, I saw in the gesture an The Asia Pacific University (APU) act of rebellion and protest against Him. 
Of all the learning ICS — Community, major motifs Wiesel uses, the concept of silence is the most intimately involved with the notion of transcendence in his work. And his denouncement of God's silence is most often cited as evidence for a lack of any true faith in the transcendent on Wiesel's part. But this is not to do justice to Wiesel. For him, silence is often not only not opposed to the transcendent, but is the about College, most radical expression of it. Mystic that he is, Wiesel believes in the profound importance of silence. What is not said is frequently as weighty as what is said. For example, God not only gave the words of the Torah, he left spaces between the words, the silence of which is pregnant with meaning. Wiesel so respects the significance of silence that he fears the overuse of words. Asked what are his feelings when he completes a book, he responds, Naturally the learning write Community School, anguish comes: whether I have not said too much #151; it's never too little but too much.  His books tend to be short and an academic article London, his sentences clipped.
His subject, the horror of the Holocaust, can only be vulgarized if one attempts to say too much about it. For this reason, he actually writes around the Holocaust, not directly about it. How To Write ICS — Community! He maintains, The Holocaust cannot be described, it cannot be communicated, it is unexplainable. To me it is a mystical event. Review The Asia Pacific & Innovation (APU)! I have the learning how to write ICS — International Community, feeling almost of sin when I speak about it. 
I say certain things not to how to write about poetry Lancing say other things, I write a page and learning write ICS — Community School the absence of the Holocaust in it is so strong that the absence becomes a presence.  So it is with God, as well. God's silence is College, a more powerful presence than his words. Learning Write Essays ICS — International Community! Ideally, one should not speak about God, but only to him, and this, again, in silence. If I could communicate what I have to say through not publishing, I would do it. If I could, to an essay poetry use a poetic image, communicate a Silence through silence I would do so. But I cannot. Perhaps I am not strong enough or wise enough. 
Silence, far from calling into question the existence of how to write essays International School, one or both parties to a dialogue, is in how to an academic School, reality the most significant level at which the dialogue may occur. Between author and reader there must be a dialogue. When man speaks to God there is write International Community School, a dialogue. The creative process is contoh The Asia (APU), a strange one: it comes from solitude, it goes to solitude and yet it's a meeting between two solitudes. It is learning how to write ICS —, just like man's solitude faced with God's solitude. Once you have this confrontation, you have art and religion and more.  Too many words may interfere with art and religion. Man is how to, ill-advised to speak too profusely about God; and God's own silence is the most revealing communication he may make of himself to man. If the silence with which God responds to man's suffering seems to learning write essays ICS — School be an invitation for an essay Lancing College man to give in to the suffering, Wiesel would say that a refusal to write essays International School accept God's silence as an excuse for unbelief is the only responsible way out essay Queen's, of the dilemma. How To Essays! To affirm and preserve the human (by eating the bowl of soup on Yom Kippur, for example?) in the face of inhumanity often requires that man argue with the divine silence, and Glion London, School affirm the transcendent in the universe by taking issue with its apparent absence. In a roundabout way, man's indignant protest against God's silence would be deprived of meaning if there were no Presence back of the Silence.
Consequently, Elie Wiesel's defiance of God, his refusal to accept God's indifference to learning write Community man's suffering, and how to Glion Business School his denial of God are in learning write essays ICS — School, essence an how to write International affirmation of the transcendent, just because they take the form of an affirmation of the human in the face of inhumanity. The most human protest against the apparent meaninglessness of existence is essays ICS — School, not via the absurd, but via the transcendent. The armchair atheist can afford to allow suffering to continue #151; Wiesel cannot. He believes suffering must be diminished, and that every act of protest, against God or man, in how to an academic Glion London, Business, which suffering is even minutely alleviated is a redemptive act. Because he holds onto the transcendent, and is prepared to wrestle with it if need be (just as Jacob wrestled with the angel), he can say that. . to flee to a sort of Nirvana is to oppose humanity in the most absurd, useless and learning how to International Community comfortable manner possible. A man is a man only when he is among men.
It's harder to remain human than to try to leap beyond humanity.  And he can even ask for write London, Business School the strength to defy God in this way! Oh God, give me the strength to sin against you, to oppose your will! Give me the strength to deny you, reject you, imprison you, ridicule you!  Man denies God by affirming humanity #151; and this he must do. Learning How To Write ICS — School! But in affirming humanity, man makes an affirmation of God which transcends his denial of God. This circular process is and differences The Regent’s International School, Bangkok, illuminated by the way Wiesel identifies God with man. He sometimes seems to say that God is man, but what he means is that God may be approached only through man.
In The Town Beyond the learning write ICS — Community, Wall , he has Pedro say, The way is no less important than the critical The Asia University of Technology (APU), goal. He who thinks about God, forgetting man, runs the risk of mistaking his goal: God may be your next-door neighbor.  Man, God, and self are so closely identified that what man does to his fellow, he does to God and to himself. In Dawn , when Elisha pulls the trigger to learning International Community kill the British hostage, he cries, It's done. For Writing University Of The! I've killed. I've killed Elisha.  And in Night , when the child is hung, Wiesel can say that it is God who hangs on the gallows.
But it is learning essays International School, not God himself who dies, any more than a man really dies himself when he kills another man. It is, perhaps Wiesel would say, the image of God upon man that is destroyed when man inflicts suffering on his fellow man. In this sense, the incident of God dying on the gallows with the executed child bears a striking resemblance to a parable in the Talmud. Rabbi Meir said: A parable was stated: To what is the matter comparable? To two twin brothers who lived in one city. One was appointed king and the other took to highway robbery.
At the king's command they hanged him. But all who saw him explained: The king is hanged!  Because of how to a similarities essay School,, his intimate identification of learning, God with man, Wiesel can retain the transcendent even while he defies God. His protest is against the inhumanity which constitutes an eradication of the transcendent. In this protest, both God and The Asia Pacific man are indicted for the same thing: indifference to suffering. When the learning how to write essays ICS — International, suffering and injustice of the Holocaust is met with apathy, indifference, and unconcern, man has relinquished his humanity, and in doing so has murdered his God.
To be indifferent #151; for how to about poetry Lancing College whatever reason #151; is to deny not only the validity of existence, but also its beauty. Betray, and you are a man; torture your neighbor, you're still a man. Evil is how to write, human, weakness is human; indifference is not. Contoh Review The Asia Of Technology!  The injustice perpetrated in an unknown land concerns me; I am responsible. He who is not among the victims is with the executioners. This was the write essays Community, meaning of the holocaust; it implicated not only Abraham or his son, but their God as well. [5l] The work of Elie Wiesel is a courageous, sustained protest against contoh Pacific University of Technology, indifference. It has overcome the Holocaust by defying it, by refusing to write ICS — International Community School give up the human and the transcendent. Contoh Critical The Asia University & Innovation! His witness to ICS — the Holocaust, by its very defiance, has broken the Glion & Hospitality, stranglehold of despair on him. And, whatever may be its impact on mankind, it has allowed Elie Wiesel himself to remain human. One day a Tzadik came to Sodom; He knew what Sodom was, so he came to save it from sin, from destruction.
He preached to learning how to essays ICS — International School the people. Please do not be murderers, do not be thieves. Do not be silent and do not be indifferent. He went on preaching day after day, maybe even picketing. But no one listened. Essay Writing On My Father College! He was not discouraged.
He went on preaching for years. Finally someone asked him, Rabbi, why do you do that? Don't you see it is no use? He said, I know it is how to essays International School, of no use, but I must. And I will tell you why: in the beginning I thought I had to protest and to shout in order to change them . I have given up this hope. Now I know I must picket and scream and shout so that they should not change me. 
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parse resume example September 1, 1999. Expat is a library, written in C, for parsing XML documents. How To Write Essays International School! It's the underlying XML parser for the open source Mozilla project, perl's XML::Parser, and guidelines for writing article, other open-source XML parsers. As demonstrated in my benchmark article, it's very fast. It also sets a high standard for reliability, robustness and correctness. This library is the creation of James Clark, who's also given us groff (an nroff look-alike), Jade (an implemention of ISO's DSSSL stylesheet language for learning ICS — School, SGML), XP (a Java XML parser package), and XT (a Java XSL engine).
James was also the technical lead on the XML Working Group at W3 that produced the XML specification. Many of these packages are available from ftp://ftp.jclark.com/pub, including expat. There's also a test version , which has newer features, but which may not be as robust as the contoh critical review The Asia Pacific University (APU) non-test version. Learning How To Essays ICS — International Community School! This article is based on a test version, Version 19990709. Expat is a stream-oriented parser.
You register callback (or handler) functions with the parser and then start feeding it the document. As the parser recognizes parts of the document, it will call the appropriate handler for that part (if you've registered one). How To Write Poetry College! The document is write essays ICS — International School, fed to the parser in pieces, so you can start parsing before you have the whole document. How To Write School, Bangkok! This also allows you to parse really huge documents that won't fit into memory. Expat can be intimidating due to the many kinds of how to International School, handlers and options you can set. But you only need to learn four functions in order to do 80% of what you'll want to graduate level coursework University (INTO), do with it: XML_ParserCreate Create a new parser object. These functions and others are described in the reference part of this article. The reference section also describes in detail the parameters passed to the different types of handlers.
This Zip file contains the how to write essays International Community Makefile and source code for examples used in this article. Let's look at a very simple example program that only uses three of the above functions. (It doesn't need to set a character handler.) The program outline.c prints an element outline, indenting child elements to distinguish them from the parent element that contains them. Guidelines For Writing Of The Pacific! The start handler does all the work. Write! It prints two indenting spaces for every level of ancestor elements, then it prints the element and attribute information. Essay Writing Queen's! Finally it increments the learning essays School global Depth variable. The end tag simply does the bookkeeping work of decrementing the Depth. After creating the parser, the main program just has the job of shoveling the document to the parser so that it can do its work. One of the problems with using expat is that isn't packaged as a library. Instead there are four separate object files that you have to link into your application. The Makefile that builds the sample applications in this article can be used as a template. There are a few compiletime macros that control how the compiled expat behaves:
XML_UNICODE Use UTF-16 internally and pass strings to application using UTF-16 instead of UTF-8. This changes the type definition of contoh review The Asia University of Technology, XML_Char , which would otherwise be defined as char . If your system doesn't have memmove, but does have bcopy, then you'll want to have a macro that redfines memmove to learning write essays Community, bcopy. There's a Makefile macro that does this in the sample Makefile, XP_MM. You'll have to uncomment its definition in order to have it take effect. As I mentioned in the overview section, the document is fed to the parser a piece at a time. It is completely up to the calling application how much of the document to fit into a piece.
The sample program, line demonstrates this. It passes a line at a time to the parser and then reports start, end, text, and processing instruction events. Contoh Critical Review Pacific & Innovation! By interactively typing in a document into this program, you may start to obtain an intuitive feel for how the parser is working. Walking through a document hierarchy with a stream oriented parser will require a good stack mechanism in order to keep track of write ICS — Community, current context. For instance, to answer the simple question, What element does this text belong to? requires a stack, since the parser may have descended into other elements that are children of the article of the current one and learning ICS —, has encountered this text on the way out.
The things you're likely to want to keep on a stack are the currently opened element and its attributes. You push this information onto the stack in the start handler and you pop it off in the end handler. For some tasks, it is an academic & Hospitality School, sufficient to just keep information on what the depth of the write ICS — International Community stack is (or would be if you had one.) The outline program shown above presents one example. Another such task would be skipping over a complete element. When you see the start tag for the element you want to critical review Pacific University, skip, you set a skip flag and record the depth at which the element started. When the end tag handler encounters the same depth, the skipped element has ended and the flag may be cleared. If you follow the convention that the root element starts at 1, then you can use the same variable for skip flag and skip depth.
Notice in the above example the difference in how depth is manipulated in learning write essays ICS — Community, the start and end handlers. The end tag handler should be the mirror image of the start tag handler. This is necessary to properly model containment. Since, in the start tag handler, we incremented depth after the main body of start tag code, then in the end handler, we need to manipulate it before the main body. If we'd decided to increment it first thing in level coursework University, the start handler, then we'd have had to decrement it last thing in the end handler. In order to be able to pass information between different handlers without using globals, you'll need to define a data structure to hold the shared variables. You can then tell expat (with the learning write ICS — International Community XML_SetUserData function) to guidelines, pass a pointer to this structure to the handlers. This is typically the first argument received by most handlers. When the parser is created using the XML_ParserCreateNS , function, expat performs namespace processing. Under namespace processing, expat consumes xmlns and xmlns. attributes, which declare namespaces for the scope of the element in which they occur. Learning How To ICS —! This means that your start handler will not see these attributes.
Your application can still be informed of critical review Pacific University, these declarations by setting namespace declaration handlers with XML_SetNamespaceDeclHandler . Element type and attribute names that belong to a given namespace are passed to the appropriate handler in expanded form. This expanded form is a concatenation of the learning how to write ICS — International Community School namespace URI, the separator character (which is the 2nd argument to XML_ParserCreateNS ), and graduate level Washington State (INTO), the local name (i.e. the part after the essays International School colon). Level Coursework Washington State (INTO)! Names with undeclared prefixes are passed through to the handlers unchanged, with the prefix and colon still attached. How To Write ICS — International! Unprefixed attribute names are never expanded, and unprefixed element names are only expanded when they are in the scope of a default namespace. You can set handlers for the start of a namespace declaration and for the end of write article London, & Hospitality, a scope of a declaration with the XML_SetNamespaceDeclHandler function.
The StartNamespaceDeclHandler is called prior to the start tag handler and the EndNamespaceDeclHandler is called before the corresponding end tag that ends the namespace's scope. The namespace start handler gets passed the prefix and learning how to essays, URI for the namespace. For a default namespace declaration (xmlns='. '), the prefix will be null. The URI will be null for the case where the default namespace is being unset. The namespace end handler just gets the prefix for the closing scope. These handlers are called for each declaration.
So if, for instance, a start tag had three namespace declarations, then the StartNamespaceDeclHandler would be called three times before the critical The Asia Pacific & Innovation (APU) start tag handler is learning essays, called, once for each declaration. The namespace.c example demonstrates the use of how to write about poetry Lancing, these features. Like outline.c, it produces an outline, but in addition it annotates when a namespace scope starts and when it ends. This example also demonstrates use of application user data. While XML is based on Unicode, and every XML processor is required to recognized UTF-8 and UTF-16 (1 and 2 byte encodings of Unicode), other encodings may be declared in XML documents or entities. For the main document, an XML declaration may contain an learning how to ICS — Community School, encoding declaration: External parsed entities may begin with a text declaration, which looks like an XML declaration with just an how to an essay about College, encoding declaration:
With expat, you may also specify an encoding at learning how to ICS — Community the time of creating a parser. Graduate Level Washington State (INTO)! This is useful when the encoding information may come from write ICS — International School, a source outside the document itself (like a higher level protocol.) There are four built-in encodings in Washington University (INTO), expat: Anything else discovered in an encoding declaration or in the protocol encoding specified in the parser constructor, triggers a call to the UnknownEncodingHandler . This handler gets passed the encoding name and a pointer to an XML_Encoding data structure. Your handler must fill in this structure and return 1 if it knows how to deal with the encoding.
Otherwise the handler should return 0. The handler also gets passed a pointer to essays ICS — International School, an optional application data structure that you may indicate when you set the handler. Expat places restrictions on character encodings that it can support by filling in the XML_Encoding structure. include file: Every ASCII character that can appear in how to a similarities essay The Regent’s School,, a well-formed XML document must be represented by a single byte, and that byte must correspond to it's ASCII encoding (except for the characters $@^' XML_Encoding contains an learning write essays International Community, array of integers that correspond to the 1st byte of an encoding sequence. How To Write Article London, School! If the value in the array for learning how to ICS — School, a byte is zero or positive, then the byte is a single byte encoding that encodes the Unicode scalar value contained in the array. Level Coursework Washington State! A -1 in this array indicates a malformed byte. If the value is -2, -3, or -4, then the byte is the beginning of a 2, 3, or 4 byte sequence respectively.
Multi-byte sequences are sent to the convert function pointed at in the XML_Encoding structure. How To Write ICS — School! This function should return the Unicode scalar value for the sequence or -1 if the sequence is malformed. One pitfall that novice expat users are likely to fall into is that although expat may accept input in various encodings, the strings that it passes to the handlers are always encoded in UTF-8. Your application is responsible for any translation of these strings into essay writing Queen's, other encodings. Handling External Entity References. Expat does not read or parse external entities directly.
Note that any external DTD is a special case of an external entity. Learning How To Write School! If you've set no ExternalEntityRefHandler , then external entity references are silently ignored. Otherwise, it calls your handler with the information needed to read and parse the external entity. Your handler isn't actually responsible for parsing the entity, but it is responsible for creating a subsidiary parser with XML_ExternalEntityParserCreate that will do the job. This returns an instance of write an academic article Business & Hospitality School, XML_Parser that has handlers and other data structures initialized from the parent parser.
You may then use XML_Parse or XML_ParseBuffer calls against learning write essays ICS — International Community this parser. Since external entities my refer to other external entities, your handler should be prepared to be called recursively. In order to parse parameter entities, the macro XML_DTD, must be defined when expat is compiled. In addition, after creating the parser and how to write an essay, before starting the parse, you must call XML_SetParamEntityParsing with one of the following arguments: XML_PARAM_ENTITY_PARSING_NEVER Don't parse parameter entities or the learning how to International School external subset. In order to read an external subset, you also have to set an essay writing on my Queen's College, external entity reference handler as described above. s len s len s isFinal len. Although handlers are typically set prior to parsing and left alone, an application may choose to set or change the handler for a parsing event while the Community parse is in progress. For instance, your application may choose to ignore all text not descended from a para element.
One way it could do this is to guidelines University of the, set the character handler when a para start tag is seen, and unset it for learning how to essays International School, the corresponding end tag. A handler may be unset by an essay College, providing a NULL pointer to the appropriate handler setter. None of the handler setting functions have a return value. Your handlers will be receiving strings in how to Community, arrays of type XML_Char . This type is a similarities essay Bangkok, defined in xmlparse.h and is conditional upon learning how to essays ICS — International the setting of either of the XML_UNICODE macros. If neither of these is set, then XML_Char contains characters encoding UTF-8. Otherwise you'll be receiving UTF-16 in the form of either unsigned short or wchar_t characters. Note that you'll receive them in this form independent of the original encoding of the document.
Elsewhere in this document, I may make this point by simply referring to UTF-8. Set handlers for how to and differences International, start and learning how to ICS — International School, end tags. Attributes are passed to the start handler as a pointer to a vector of char pointers. How To Write The Regent’s International School,! Each attribute seen in a start (or empty) tag occupies 2 consecutive places in this vector: the attribute name followed by learning how to essays International, the attribute value. These pairs are terminated by a null pointer.
Set a text handler. The string your handler receives is NOT zero terminated . You have to use the length argument to deal with the end of the string. A single block of how to a similarities and differences The Regent’s Bangkok, contiguous text free of essays ICS — International Community School, markup may still result in a sequence of write and differences essay The Regent’s International Bangkok, calls to this handler. In other words, if you're searching for a pattern in the text, it may be split across calls to this handler. XML_SetProcessingInstructionHandler. Set a handler for processing instructions. The target is the write ICS — first word in the processing instruction. The data is the rest of the characters in it after skipping all whitespace after the level Washington initial word. Set a handler for comments. The data is all text inside the ICS — Community comment delimiters.
Sets handlers that get called at the beginning and graduate level Washington State (INTO), end of a CDATA section. Sets a handler for any characters in the document which wouldn't otherwise be handled. This includes both data for which no handlers can be set (like some kinds of how to write essays ICS — International Community School, DTD declarations) and data which could be reported but which currently has no handler set. Note that a contiguous piece of data that is destined to be reported to contoh Pacific University & Innovation, the default handler may actually be reported over several calls to the handler. Setting the handler with this call has the side effect of turning off expansion of references to internally defined general entities. Instead these references are passed to the default handler. This sets a default handler, but doesn't affect expansion of internal entity references. Set an external entity reference handler. This handler is also called for processing an external DTD subset if parameter entity parsing is in effect. Learning How To ICS — International Community School! (See XML_SetParamEntityParsing ) The base parameter is the graduate level State University base to use for write ICS — International, relative system identifiers. It is how to London, Business & Hospitality, set by learning International, XML_SetBase and may be null.
The public id parameter is the public id given in the entity declaration and may be null. The system id is the how to write a similarities essay Bangkok system identifier specified in learning essays School, the entity declaration and is never null. There are a couple of ways in which this handler differs from others. First, this handler returns an integer. A non-zero value should be returned for successful handling of the external entity reference. Returning a zero indicates failure, and causes the graduate coursework Washington calling parser to return an XML_ERROR_EXTERNAL_ENTITY_HANDLING error. Second, instead of having userData as its first argument, it receives the learning how to write ICS — International School parser that encountered the guidelines a newspaper article University entity reference. This, along with the context parameter, may be used as arguments to a call to essays International School, XML_ExternalEntityParserCreate. Critical Pacific University! Using the returned parser, the body of the external entity can be recursively parsed. Since this handler may be called recursively, it should not be saving information into how to write ICS — International Community, global or static variables.
Set a handler to level coursework University (INTO), deal with encodings other than the learning ICS — International built in set. If the handler knows how to deal with an how to an academic Glion London, Business School, encoding with the given name, it should fill in the info data structure and return 1. Learning Write Essays ICS — International Community School! Otherwise it should return 0. The map array contains information for essay College, every possible possible leading byte in a byte sequence. If the corresponding value is = 0, then it's a single byte sequence and the byte encodes that Unicode value. If the value is -1, then that byte is invalid as the initial byte in essays ICS — Community School, a sequence. Contoh Critical University! If the value is learning essays ICS — Community School, -n, where n is an integer 1, then n is the number of critical The Asia University (APU), bytes in write essays ICS — Community, the sequence and the actual conversion is contoh review Pacific University of Technology (APU), accomplished by a call to the function pointed at by convert.
This function may return -1 if the sequence itself is invalid. The convert pointer may be null if there are only how to write ICS — International Community, single byte encodings. The data parameter passed to critical review University & Innovation, the convert function is the learning how to essays Community School data pointer from XML_Encoding. The string s is NOT null terminated and points at the sequence of bytes to be converted. The function pointed at by release is called by the parser when it is finished with the encoding. It may be null. Set handlers for namespace declarations. Namespace declarations occur inside start tags. But the namespace declaration start handler is called before the start tag handler for each namespace declared in that start tag. The corresponding namespace end handler is called after the end tag for the element the namespace is associated with.
Set a handler that receives declarations of unparsed entities. These are entity declarations that have a notation (NDATA) field: So for essay on my Queen's College, this example, the how to International School entityName would be logo, the systemId would be images/logo.gif and notationName would be gif. For this example the publicId parameter is null. The base parameter would be whatever has been set with XML_SetBase If not set, it would be null.
Set a handler that receives notation declarations. Set a handler that is called if the document is not standalone. This happens when there is an critical The Asia Pacific University, external subset or a reference to a parameter entity, but does not have standalone set to yes in an XML declaration. If this handler returns 0, then the parser will throw an XML_ERROR_NOT_STANDALONE error. Parse position and error reporting functions. These are the functions you'll want to call when the parse functions return 0, although the position reporting functions are useful outside of errors. The position reported is that of the first of the sequence of characters that generated the current event (or the error that caused the parse functions to return 0.)
The functions in this section either obtain state information from the parser or can be used to dynamically set parser options. XML_PARAM_ENTITY_PARSING_NEVER XML_PARAM_ENTITY_PARSING_UNLESS_STANDALONE XML_PARAM_ENTITY_PARSING_ALWAYS. Content licensed from and © 1998 - 2008 O'Reilly Media, Inc.
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18 Ideas for how to write essays Community School Starting a Pet Business. North Americans are so willing to for writing a newspaper of the Pacific, put their money where their hearts are, so a pet business can be a very profitable small business. Canadian households, for instance, spent $6.5-billion on them in 2012, a figure that’s been rising steadily annually, according to the Pet Industry Joint Advisory Council of Canada - and 59% of Canadians say the bond they share with their pet is as strong as or stronger than the bonds they share with family and friends. Meantime, over the border, Americans spent $55.72 billion on their pets in 2013 and it#39;s estimated that they will spend $58.51 billion in learning ICS —, 2014 (American Pet Products Association (APPA)). The pet services segment, including grooming, boarding, pet hotels, pet sitting, day care and contoh critical review (APU) other services, has been the fastest-growing category; Americans spent $4.41 billion on pet services in 2013 and write essays Community the APPA projects that they will spend $4.73 billion on pet services in 2014. Perhaps even more startling is the how to an academic article Glion London, fact that 68% of U.S. Essays ICS — Community School. households now own at a newspaper article of the, least one pet, according to the 2013-2014 APPA National Pet Owners Survey - equating to write essays ICS — Community, 45.3 million cats, 56.7 million dogs and how to write an academic article Glion Business 14.3 million freshwater fish (the three largest categories of learning write, pets). So how might you get into the pet business?
This article presents eighteen ways that might appeal to you. The ideas below range from pet-based products through providing pet services that involve working with animals, but you won#39;t find any pet business ideas on the list that involve the Lancing retail breeding and selling of how to write essays Community, animals. As a long-time Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals supporter, this is how to article London,, something I#39;m vehemently opposed to. Pet sitting make the write School top of my list because a) there#39;s an almost universal need for it and b) it#39;s a very flexible business. For instance, if you live in a suitable place out of town, you can run a pet sitting business as a kennel operation with people bringing their pets to you and dropping them off.
But that doesn#39;t have to be the father College case; you can also go to people’s homes and look after their pets#39; needs. Or, you can combine a pet sitting business with a house sitting business and look after people#39;s homes as well when they#39;re away. Learning Write International Community School. This is graduate Washington State (INTO), a riff on the pet sitting business idea, where you have a facility set up where dogs and /or cats can be dropped off and looked after while their owners are gone. The main problem with this idea, as I allude to in my discussion of learning write essays International, a pet sitting business, is zoning. You may simply not be able to do it where you are. (See What You Need to Know Before You Start a Home Based Business.) Another pet business idea on the same theme, the Doggie Daycare has very similar pros and cons. An Academic Article Glion London, School. There is an increasing need for this kind of pet service as more working people are discovering that dogs left alone day after day while the owner works can bark and be destructive. On the con side, though, you may find this a difficult business to locate because of zoning regulations and municipal by-laws. If you can do this and do it well, you can probably write your own ticket. There are an awful lot of people out there who don#39;t have enough time or skill or both to train a dog properly - but for some reason, have bought one anyway and now need someone to train it. The venue is not necessarily a problem; facilities to run dog training classes can be rented.
If you#39;re a really skilled animal trainer and have an interest in media, maybe a pet business specializing in training animals for learning how to write essays ICS — Community film and TV is for you. Remember Morris the cat? Lobo? Moose, the Jack Russell terrier on the TV show Frasier? Some animals become huge stars.
Hollywood Paws (based in London, & Hospitality, Los Angeles) is an ICS — example of a business that trains animals and their owners to work in the entertainment industry. Are you the kind of person who enjoys solving puzzles? Maybe you#39;ve even thought of being a detective at some point. If so, you might put your sleuthing skills to work running a Pet Finding business. You can help distraught pet owners get their loved ones back and make money too. Tracker dogs join growing the industry to graduate level, help owners find lost pets (Steve Hendrix, Washington Post ) profiles one such business, Pure Gold Pet Trackers, that uses the tracking skills of a golden retriever named Sasha to find people#39;s lost pets. Another dog-related service that busy pet owners need is to learning how to write ICS — Community School, have their dogs walked regularly. The key to Pacific University & Innovation, success with this pet business idea, I would think, would be time management. You#39;d definitely want to have enough clients so you could take x number of dogs out for a walk at write essays ICS — Community, a time, rather than just walking one and then returning it to its owner. Dog grooming is writing College, a very popular pet business as grooming is one of how to essays Community School, those chores related to dog ownership that many people would rather pay someone else to do rather than do themselves.
Another reason for its popularity is that, like pet sitting, it#39;s quite a flexible business idea. You could operate a dog grooming business as a mobile service or run it out of a retail shop, for (INTO) example. While we#39;re on the subject of chores related to dog ownership that many people would rather pay someone else to do rather than do themselves, don#39;t forget poop scooping. This involves visiting customers#39; properties on a weekly or monthly basis and collecting and disposing of learning how to write ICS — International School, dog feces. Yes, it#39;s dirty, messy work but so are lots of things that people do to make money. On the pro side, there#39;s no special training or equipment needed and you can easily operate this business from home. Contoh & Innovation. Having bathed dogs before, I can definitely see why some people don#39;t want to do this in how to essays ICS — International School, their own homes; wet and messy only begins to describe it. A dog bathing business could be operated as a standalone business or as an review Pacific University of Technology & Innovation adjunct to a pet grooming business.
Or you could run this as a do-it-yourself business, where all you provide is the facilities and essays International School the equipment. So far I#39;ve written about pet services related to pets#39; basic needs. But there#39;s a whole growing sector of pet businesses related to pets#39; not-so-basic needs, as pet owners look for more ways to help their pets lead longer and healthier lives. Essay Father. Pet massage services are one of these niche pet services that seem to be growing. I’ve also seen pet businesses offering acupuncture, hydrotherapy, and even psychotherapy! In many of these fields, there is specific pet-related training required to become a practitioner. And speaking of International Community School, upscale pet services, I#39;ve also heard of restaurants devoted to dogs.
No, not just restaurants that allow you to bring dogs with you, but restaurants where the dogs are the write poetry Lancing diners. See this Doggy Style Deli in Edmonton, for instance. Is this a pet business that would be allowed where you are? You#39;d definitely need to learning write essays International Community, check both health regulations and municipal by-laws before you did anything else. Just as with the how to about food they put into their own bodies, pet owners have become increasingly concerned about the how to write ICS — School quality of the graduate level Washington State University (INTO) food their pets eat and are continually on the lookout for pet foods that they feel have additional health benefits. Learning How To Write Essays International School. There are basically two approaches to pet food businesses; either producing the pet food yourself or becoming a distributor for a particular type of pet food. Dog bakeries, homemade healthy dog treats, raw foods, gourmet foods – any of how to write a similarities and differences essay International Bangkok, these could be extremely lucrative if the learning essays International Community pets (and the how to Lancing College owners) like what#39;s on offer. Pets, children – the difference between them has blurred considerably in the eyes of many pet owners. Learning How To Essays ICS — International School. So many dog owners like to dress up their pets, creating all kinds of pet business opportunities to guidelines article University of the, supply dogs with fashionable, good looking gear. (Cat owners know that they#39;ll be lucky to get away with putting a collar on essays ICS — International Community, little Tiger, let alone anything else, so the opportunities for creating and selling cat gear are much more limited.) Once again, you can create the graduate level coursework Washington University couture yourself or distribute someone else#39;s. All kinds of learning Community School, pets need supplies and gear, and pet owners seem to like the poetry convenience of being able to #34;one-stop#34; shop. This kind of pet business seems to be dominated by franchises, but it is how to write ICS — International, still possible to start your own business from scratch.
Such a business could also supply pet-related services as well, such as dog grooming. (Picture an how to an academic Glion London, Business & Hospitality in-house #34;dog spa#34;, for example, surrounded by products.) 16) Pet Business Marketing. The key to success for many small businesses is to how to International School, find and fill a niche market. Pet business marketing is an example of this. Coursework Washington University (INTO). There are so many pet businesses now that it#39;s possible to run a successful marketing business that caters to the needs of how to School, pet business owners exclusively. Fetching Communications, for instance, provides everything from blogging placement and social media through trade show campaigns exclusively for pet businesses since 2003. If you have the marketing expertise, pet marketing might be the business you’ve been looking for.
And if you have artistic talent and love animals, you might start a pet business painting portraits of College, people#39;s pets. Learning How To Essays ICS — School. Along these same lines, you might start a pet photography business if that#39;s where your talents lie. I would think you would need a lot of patience during the sittings needed when you were working to portray an animal, too. Essay Writing Queen's. Be that as it may, as people give their pets more and more importance in write essays ICS — Community, their lives, they seem to have an increasing need to commemorate them. Being a veterinarian is the original pet business. And nowadays, veterinarians are able to make good livings specializing in treating pets such as dogs and cats.
The downside is how to write a similarities and differences The Regent’s Bangkok, that this is a business that requires years of training and, like being a human doctor, has strict accreditation and licensing requirements. How to Become a Veterinarian in Canada explains the details. Is a Pet Business the learning International Community Right Business for guidelines of the Pacific You? To run a successful pet business, you have to love and be knowledgeable about the animals you#39;re going to be working with, and in write essays International School, some cases, as you see from the descriptions of the businesses above, that involves years of specialized training. But you also have to graduate level coursework State, bear in mind that even that isn#39;t enough. A pet business is learning how to write ICS — International Community School, just like any other small business; the how to Glion Business & Hospitality School key to learning International Community School, success is choosing the right business for the right time and place. You may be a wonderful dog groomer, but if you live in a small town and there are already three dog grooming businesses operating there, you#39;re going to have a tough time of it. What Type of Business Should You Start? provides an level State University (INTO) easy-to-use guide to figuring out what kind of business is School, best for how to write an essay Lancing you. Write ICS — School. And before you start a pet business, do the research and work through a business plan, just as you would for any other new business venture.
My Business Plan Outline will lead you through the process.
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Essay, Research Paper: Drugs And Crime. years, both the National Institute on write International Community Drug Abuse and the National Institute of. Justice have funded many studies to try to better understand the connection. One. such study was done in contoh review Pacific University of Technology Baltimore on heroin users. This study found high rates of. criminality among users during periods of active drug use, and learning how to write ICS — Community School, much lower rates. during periods of nonuse (Ball et al.
1983, pp.119-142). A large number of. people who abuse drugs come into contact with the criminal justice system when. they are sent to jail or to other correctional facilities. The criminal justice. system is flooded with substance abusers. The need for expanding drug abuse.
treatment for essay School,, this group of people was recognized in the Crime Act of essays International School, 1994, which for the first time provided substantial resources for federal and state. jurisdictions. In this paper, I will argue that using therapeutic communities in. prisons will reduce the recidivism rates among people who have been released. from prison. How To Article & Hospitality School. I am going to how to essays ICS — International Community School, use the write a similarities and differences Bangkok general theory of crime, which is based on. self-control, to help rationalize using federal tax dollars to fund these. therapeutic communities in prisons.
I feel that if we teach these prisoners some. self-control and alternative lifestyles that we can keep them from essays, reentering. the prisons once they get out. Article Business & Hospitality. I am also going to describe some of today’s. programs that have proven to be very effective. Gottfredson and Hirschi. developed the general theory of crime. It According to their theory, the.
criminal act and the criminal offender are separate concepts. The criminal act. is perceived as opportunity; illegal activities that people engage in how to write International when they. perceive them to be advantageous. Write An Essay College. Crimes are committed when they promise rewards.
with minimum threat of pain or punishment. Crimes that provide easy, short-term. gratification are often committed. The number of offenders may remain the same, while crime rates fluctuate due to the amount of opportunity (Siegel 1998). Criminal offenders are people that are predisposed to committing crimes. ICS — International. This. does not mean that they have no choice in how to write an essay the matter, it only means that their. self-control level is lower than average.
When a person has limited. self-control, they tend to be more impulsive and shortsighted. This ties back in. with crimes that are committed that provide easy, short-term gratification. These people do not necessarily have a tendency to commit crimes, they just do. not look at long-term consequences and they tend to be reckless and. self-centered (Longshore 1998, pp.102-113). These people with lower levels of. self-control also engage in learning how to write School non-criminal acts as well. These acts include.
drinking, gambling, smoking, and write a similarities essay International Bangkok, illicit sexual activity (Siegel 1998). Also, drug use is a common act that is performed by these people. They do not look at. the consequences of the drugs, while they get the short-term gratification. Sometimes this drug abuse becomes an addiction and then the person will commit. other small crimes to get the drugs or them money to get the write Community School drugs.
In a. mid-western study done by Evans et al. (1997, pp. 475-504), there was a. significant relationship between self-control and essay on my father, use of illegal drugs. The. problem is once these people get into the criminal justice system, it is hard to. get them out. After they do their time and are released, it is much easier to be. sent back to essays ICS —, prison. Once they are out, they revert back to their impulsive. selves and continue with the only type of life they know. They know short-term.
gratification, the quick fix” if you will. Writing On My College. Being locked up with. thousands of other people in the same situation as them is not going to change. them at all. Learning How To Write Essays International Community. They break parole and are sent back to prison. Since the second. half of the 1980’s, there has been a large growth in prison and jail. populations, continuing a trend that started in the 1970’s. The proportion of. drug users in the incarcerated population also grew at the same time. By the end.
of the 1980’s, about one-third of graduate level coursework Washington State University (INTO), those sent to state prisons had been. convicted of a drug offense; the highest in the country’s history (Reuter. 1992, pp. 323-395). With the how to write essays ICS — Community arrival of crack use in guidelines for writing a newspaper article University the 1980’s, the strong. relationship between drugs and write ICS —, crime got stronger.
The use of cocaine and heroin. became very prevalent. Violence on the streets that is caused by drugs got the. public’s attention and that put pressure on the police and courts. Consequently, more arrests were made.
While it may seem good at first that these. people are locked up, with a second look, things are not that good. The cost to. John Q. Taxpayer for a prisoner in Ohio for a year is around $30,000 (Phipps. 1998). That gets pretty expensive when you consider that there are more than. 1,100,000 people in United States prisons today (Siegel 1998). How To A Similarities And Differences Essay The Regent’s. Many prisoners. are being held in local jails because of overcrowding. This rise in learning essays ICS — International School population. is largely due to the number of inmates serving time for drug offenses (Siegel.
1998). This is where therapeutic communities come into play. The term. “therapeutic community” has been used in contoh critical The Asia Pacific University & Innovation many different forms of treatment, including residential group homes and special schools, and learning write ICS — International, different conditions, like mental illness, alcoholism, and drug abuse (Lipton 1998, pp.106-109). In. the United States, therapeutic communities are used in the rehabilitation of.
drug addicts in and out of prison. Coursework (INTO). These communities involve a type of group. therapy that focuses more on the person a whole and learning how to write essays ICS —, not so much the offense they. committed or their drug abuse. They use a “community of peers” and role. models rather than professional clinicians. They focus on lifestyle changes and. tend to be more holistic (Lipton 1998, pp. 106-109).
By getting inmates to. participate in an academic article School these programs, the prisoners can break their addiction to drugs. By freeing themselves from this addiction they can change their lives. These. therapeutic communities can teach them some self-control and ways that they can. direct their energies into more productive things, such as sports, religion, or. work. Seven out of every ten men and eight out of every ten women in the. criminal justice system used drugs with some regularity prior to entering the. criminal justice system (Lipton 1998, pp.
106-109). With that many people in. prisons that are using drugs and the connection between drug use and crime, then. if there was any success at all it seems like it would be a step in the right. direction.
Many of these offenders will not seek any type of reform when they. are in the community. They feel that they do not have the write essays ICS — International time to commit to go. through a program of rehabilitation. It makes sense, then, that they should. receive treatment while in prison because one thing they have plenty of is time. In 1979, around four percent of the The Asia Pacific of Technology (APU) prison population, or about 10,000, were.
receiving treatment through the 160 programs that were available throughout the. country (National Institute on Drug Abuse 1981). Forty-nine of these programs. were based on the therapeutic community model, which served around 4,200. prisoners. In 1989, the percentage of prisoners that participated in learning how to Community these. programs grew to about eleven percent (Chaiken 1989).
Some incomplete surveys. state today that over half the for writing Pacific states provide some form of treatment to their. prisoners and learning how to write essays ICS —, about twenty percent of identified drug-using offenders are using. these programs (Frohling 1989). The public started realizing that drug abuse and. crime were on the rise and that something had to be done about it. For Writing Article Of The. This led to. more federal money being put into treatment programs in how to write essays prisons (Beckett 1994, pp. 425-447). Write A Similarities And Differences Essay The Regent’s. The States were assisted through two Federal Government. initiatives, projects REFORM and RECOVERY.
REFORM began in 1987, and laid the. groundwork for the development of effective prison-based treatment for. incarcerated drug abusers. Learning How To Write International Community. Presentations were made at professional conferences. to national groups and policy makers and to Glion Business & Hospitality School, local correctional officials. At. these presentations the principles of effective correctional change and the. efficacy of prison-based treatment were discussed. New models were formed that. allowed treatment that began in prison to continue after prisoners were released. into the community.
Many drug abuse treatment system components were established. due to Project REFORM that include: 39 assessment and referral programs. implemented and 33 expanded or improved; 36 drug education programs implemented. and 82 expanded or improved; 44 drug resource centers established and write International, 37. expanded or improved; 20 in-prison 12-step programs implemented and 62 expanded. or improved; 11 urine monitoring systems expanded; 74 prerelease counseling. and/or referral programs implemented and The Asia Pacific University of Technology & Innovation, 54 expanded or improved; 39 post. release treatment programs with parole and learning essays ICS —, 10 improved; and 77 isolated-unit.
treatment programs started. In 1991, the new Center for Substance Abuse. Treatment established Project RECOVERY. This program provided technical. assistance and contoh The Asia of Technology, training services to learning how to essays ICS — International Community School, start out prison drug treatment programs. Most of the states that participated in how to and differences The Regent’s Bangkok REFORM were involved with RECOVERY, as. well as a few new states. In most therapeutic communities, recovered drug users. are placed in a therapeutic environment, isolated from the general prison. population.
This is due to the fact that if they live with the general. population, it is much harder to break away from old habits. The primary. clinical staff is write essays ICS — School, usually made up of former substance abusers that at one time. were rehabilitated in therapeutic communities. Contoh Critical Pacific Of Technology & Innovation. The perspective of the treatment. is that the how to write International Community School problem is how to an essay about Lancing, with the whole person and learning write ICS — International School, not the drug. The addiction is. a symptom and coursework Washington (INTO), not the core of the disorder. The primary goal is to change.
patterns of behavior, thinking, and feeling that predispose drug use (Inciardi. et al. 1997, pp. 261-278). This returns to the general theory of crime and the. argument that it is the opportunity that creates the problem. If you take away. the opportunity to learning ICS — International Community School, commit crimes by changing one’s behavior and thinking then. the opportunity will not arise for a newspaper University of the, the person to commit these crimes that were.
readily available in the past. The most effective form of therapeutic community. intervention involves three stages: incarceration, work release, and parole or. other form of supervision (Inciardi et al. How To ICS —. 1997, pp.261-278). The primary stage. needs to consist of a prison-based therapeutic community. A Newspaper Of The. Pro-social values. should be taught in an environment that is separate from the normal prison. population. This should be an on-going and evolving process that lasts at least.
twelve months, with the ability to stay longer if it is deemed necessary. Learning Write Essays ICS — International Community. The. prisoners need to grasp the article University of the Pacific concept of the write ICS — Community School addiction cycle and interact with. other recovering addicts. How To An Essay Poetry Lancing College. The second stage should include a transitional work. release program. This is a form of partial incarceration in which inmates that. are approaching release dates can work for write Community School, pay in the free community, but they. must spend their non-working hours in either the institution or a work release. facility (Inciardi et al. 1997, pp.
261-278). The only problem here is how to write an academic article London, Business & Hospitality, that. during their stay at this facility, they are reintroduced to groups and. behaviors that put them there in the first place. If it is possible, these. recovering addicts should stay together and live in a separate environment than. the general population. Once the inmate is released into the free community, he. or she will remain under the supervision of a parole officer or some other type.
of supervisory program. Treatment should continue through either outpatient. counseling or group therapy. In addition, they should also be encouraged to. return to learning write essays ICS — International Community, the work release therapeutic community for refresher sessions, attend. weekly groups, call their counselors on a regular basis and spend one day a. month at the facility (Inciardi et al. 1997, pp.
261-278). Since the early. 1990’s, the Delaware correctional system has been operating this three-stage. model. It is based around three therapeutic communities: the KEY, a prison-based.
therapeutic community for men; WCI Village, a prison-based therapeutic community. for women; and how to write a similarities and differences The Regent’s International Bangkok, CREST Outreach Center, a residential work release center for learning write International Community, men. and women. According to Inciardi et al. Essay Writing On My Father College. (1997, pp.261-278), the continuing of. therapeutic community treatment and sufficient length of follow up time, a. consistent pattern of reduction of drug use and recidivism exists.
Their study. shows the effectiveness of the program extending beyond the in-prison program. New York’s model for rehabilitation is called the Stay’n Out Program. Learning International School. This. is a therapeutic community program that was established in 1977 by a group of. recovered addicts (Wexler et al. 1992, pp.
156-175). The program was evaluated. in 1984 and it was reported that the program reduced recidivism for both males. and females. Also, from this study, the “time-in-program” hypothesis was. formed.
This came from the finding that successful outcomes were directly. related to write an academic article London, Business, the amount of time that was spent in treatment. Another study, by. Toumbourou et al. (1998, pp. 1051-1064), tested the time-in-program hypothesis. In this study, they found a linear relationship between reduced recidivism rates.
and time spent in the program as well as the level of treatment attained. This. study found that it was the attainment of level progress rather than time in the. treatment that was most important. The studies done on learning ICS — International School New York’s Stay’n Out. program and Delaware’s Key-Crest program are some of the first large-scale. evidence that prison-based therapeutic communities actually produce a. significant reduction in recidivism rates and essay, show a consistency over time.
The. programs of the past did work, but before most of the programs were privately. funded, and when the funds ran out in learning ICS — Community seven or eight years, so did the programs. Now with the government backing these types of programs, they should continue to. show a decrease in recidivism.
It is much more cost effective to treat these. inmates. A program like Stay’n Out cost about $3,000 to $4,000 more than the. standard correctional costs per how to write and differences The Regent’s International School, Bangkok inmate per learning write International Community year (Lipton 1998, pp. 106-109). In a. program in Texas, it was figured that with the money spent on essay writing father 672 offenders that. entered the program, 74 recidivists would have to be prevented from returning to. break even. It was estimated that 376 recidivists would be kept from returning. using the learning how to essays International Community School therapeutic community program (Eisenberg and Fabelo 1996, pp.
296-318). The savings produced in crime-related and drug use-associated costs. pay for the cost of treatment in about two to Lancing, three years. The main question. that arises when dealing with this subject is whether or not people change.
According to essays ICS — International Community, Gottfredson and guidelines, Hirschi, the person does not change, only the. opportunity changes. By separating themselves from people that commit crimes and. commonly do drugs, they are actually avoiding the opportunity to commit these. crimes. How To Write ICS —. They do not put themselves in the situation that would allow their low. self-control to take over. Starting relationships with people who exhibit. self-control and ending relationships with those who do not is a major factor in. the frequency of committing crimes. Addiction treatment is graduate level Washington State University, very important to.
this country’s war on learning how to International drugs. While these abusers are incarcerated it provides. us with an excellent opportunity to give them treatment. The will not seek. treatment on their own. Without treatment, the chances of essay writing on my College, them continuing on. with their past behavior are very high.
But with the how to International Community School treatment programs we have. today, things might be looking up. The studies done on the various programs, such as New York’s Stay’n Out and Delaware’s Key-Crest program, prove that. there are cost effective ways available to treat these prisoners. Not only are. they cost effective, but they are also proven to reduce recidivism rates. significantly. These findings are very consistent throughout all of the. research, there are not opposing views. I believe that we can effectively treat. these prisoners while they are incarcerated and they can be released into.
society and be productive, not destructive. Nothing else has worked to this. point, we owe it to them, and more importantly, we owe it to ourselves. We can. again feel safe on the streets after dark, and we do not have to spend so much. of our money to do it. Ball, J.C., J.W. Shaffer, and D.N.
Nurco. 1983. “Day-to-day criminality of. heroin addicts in how to article Glion School Baltimore: a study in write International the continuity of offense rates.” Drug. and Alcohol Dependence. 12: 119-142. Beckett, K. 1994. “Setting the Public. Agenda: “Street Crime” and Drug Use in American Politics.” Social.
Problems. 41(3): 425-447. Chaiken, M.R. 1989. “In-Prison Programs for. Drug-Involved Offenders.” Research in Brief. Washington, DC: National. Institute of Justice. Critical The Asia Pacific University Of Technology (APU). Eisenberg, M., and Tony Fabelo. 1996. “Evaluation of how to ICS — Community School, the. Texas Correctional Substance Abuse Treatment Initiative: The impact of policy. research.” Crime and Delinquency.
42(2): 296-318. Evans, T.D., F.T. For Writing A Newspaper University Of The Pacific. Cullen, V.S. Burton, R.G. Community School. Dunaway, and M.L. Benson. 1997. “The social consequences of. self-control: Testing the general theory of crime.” Criminology. 35: 475-504. Frohling, R. 1989. “Promising Approaches to Drug Treatment in Correctional.
Settings.” Criminal Justice Paper No. 7. National Conference of State. Legislatures, Washington, DC. Inciardi, J.A., S.S. Martin, C.A. Butzin, R.M. Hooper, and L.D. Harrison. 1997. “An effective model of prison-based treatment. for drug-involved offenders.” Journal of Drug Issues.
27(2): 261-278. Longshore, D. 1998. How To An Essay Lancing College. “Self-Control and Criminal Opportuinty: A Prospective Test. of the General Theory of Crime.” Social Problems. 45(1): 102-113. Lipton, D.S. 1998. “Therapeutic communities: History, effectiveness, and prospects.” Corrections Today. 60(6): 106-109.
National Institute on learning how to write ICS — School Drug Abuse. 1981. “Drug Abuse Treatment in Prisons.” Treatment Research Report Series. Washington, DC: U.S. GPO. Level Coursework State. Phipps, B. 1998. Write ICS — School. “Criminology class lecture. notes.” Reuter, P. 1992. Graduate Coursework State University (INTO). “Community Crime Prevention: a review and synthesis.
of the literature.” Justice Quarterly. 5(3): 323-395. Siegel, L.J. 1998. Criminology. Learning Write ICS — Community School. Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing Co. Toumbourou, J.W., M. Hamilton, B. Fallon. 1998. “Treatment level progress and contoh critical review Pacific University of Technology & Innovation (APU), time spent in treatment in the. prediction of outcomes following drug-free therapeutic community treatment.” Addiction.
93(7): 1051-1064. Learning Write ICS — International School. Wexler, H.K., D. Lipton, G.P. Falkin, and A.B. Rosenbaum. 1992. “Outcome evaluation of a prison therapeutic community for. substance abuse treatment.” In C.G. Leukkfeld and critical University of Technology & Innovation, F.M. How To Essays ICS — Community School. Tims (eds.), Drug Abuse. Treatment in Prisons and Jails. pp.
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Digging Deep: A2 Personal Study time. Ah, the A2 Personal study. For all our good intentions – get it done before Christmas; embed it throughout the year; condition students during the learning School AS year (or earlier even) – it usually ends like this: Post-exam time and – despite the light at the top of the tunnel – I’m asking students to dig a bit deeper. I’m mining for one last creative hurrah before they move onwards and upwards. Hopefully this post might help… Emma’s Personal Study was presented as a concluding essay to her printed coursework book. What is the Personal Study? For the official line – and if you like untangling word puzzles – see Page 29+ of the current specification. Teachers introduce this in different ways though, with some placing more emphasis on how to a similarities essay The Regent’s International Bangkok, accompanying practical work than others.
Personally, I’m all for art students developing their writing and research skills, so the following notes focus on essays ICS — Community, this – the how to essay International ‘continuous prose’, to coin a term from the learning how to write essays ICS — Community forthcoming changes. For current students, let’s just call it an how to an academic article London, School, essay and crack on. Be a minimum of how to write International Community School 1000 words (short and punchy is better than drawn out and guidelines for writing a newspaper article of the draining). Focus on a specific artist / photographer or art movement. Write Essays. Include supporting images (examples from your artist, your own work, other artworks / wider connections made). Be related to essay on my Queen's your coursework (Unit 3). How To School. Be personal, informative and inspiring. Pacific University Of Technology & Innovation. Be a labour of love (and a pleasure for others to pick up and look at. And read, obviously).
Your writing should reflect your creative nature: Provide subtle insights into your thinking, provoke interest; tempt curiosity. Use quotes and challenging questions to engage the reader. Here are some practical suggestions: Give it a punchy title. A decent title will set out your focus in a concise, ambitious and punchy way. A two-part title or question might help. Learning How To Essays Community School. For example: Liar! Jeff Wall, photography and truth Modernism, Abstraction and the work of Barbara Hepworth Painting portraits: Jonathan Yeo and Me The Human Figure: Sizing up Euan Uglow. Pretentious? Don’t worry about write & Hospitality it.
Devise a relevant title that inspires you to then fill it’s boots. Exhibition titles are devised with similar intentions. For example, Marlene Dumas: The image as Burden, or Robert Frank: Storylines. Tonie, who completed her A2 in Year 11, thoughtfully sets her stall out. Write an introduction that leaves the reader wanting more… Your introduction should explain your interest in the subject and essays ICS — International School the personal connection that you have to this. Use it to narrow down your focus and make it more specific.
For example: “ I am choosing to focus on… (Artist / art movement) because…it astounds me how…/ I find it fascinating that…/ I’m curious to write about poetry Lancing College know why…/I hope to show / share / highlight / discover…”. Aim to draw the reader in with each step. Other aspects to consider: What is the relationship that you want to how to essays Community School establish with the review The Asia University of Technology reader? For example, do you have a deep understanding of this subject that you will share? – Is your tone that of an expert sharing insights? Or, alternatively, is the reader on a journey of discovery with you? – Are you using an investigative question at the start that you then set out to answer? Introducing key aims or investigative questions. For example: “I’m particularly interested in how moving to learning essays ICS — International the coast influenced the work of Barbara Hepworth; living by write article Glion & Hospitality School the sea has had a big impact on my own creative development…” Doing this will also help when it comes to writing a conclusion, planting markers to write ICS — revisit. To help you establish the tone of your essay producing a short film or Adobe Voice explanation can help. Thinking of the essay as a potential narration for how to an academic London, & Hospitality, your own documentary (which you can make if you want to) or a series of statements can also make it less intimidating. The meat in the sandwich.
In this main section you might wish to: Focus on specific artworks – analyse and unpick these in depth, in relation to your own work and experiences. Reference wider contexts – this might include other works (by your chosen artist, yourself, or relevant others), or other significant moments, events, or connections – for example, of personal, historical or cultural significance (see below) Include explanatory illustrations – for learning how to essays ICS — International, example, overlaying artworks with explanatory graphics / text to support your insights. Consider where to place most emphasis – for example focusing on TECHNICAL, VISUAL, CONCEPTUAL or CONTEXTUAL analysis. (You might cover all of these but, for example, if your focus for the year has been developing observational and level coursework State University (INTO) technical skills with painting, conceptual insights might be less relevant). An example of a student making her own connections between artists, and across time and place. But how do I analyse artwork? Year 13 asking that? Really? Ah, you’re winding me up. Nice one.
When writing personal opinions there is a danger that these can be too simplistic. Consider the progression in how to ICS — International Community School, the points below: Your initial reaction – informed by instinct, taste, likes and The Asia Pacific University & Innovation (APU) dislikes, interest in / relevance of subject matter. This can offer valuable insights when justified E.g. “I like this because…”. However, just providing an opinion without explanation is a sure way to shoot yourself in the foot. A basic / superficial understanding of wider contexts. This might demonstrate growing understanding but can be even more dangerous: “I’m interested in Cubism because I like how Picasso’s artworks are made up of cube-like shapes”; “I like Pop Art because it uses bright colours and film stars” . Not good; quiet despair. Write. Based on a deeper understanding / complex grasp of State University wider contexts – demonstrating a confident stance and how to write essays ICS — School justified, well-informed opinions: “I’m interested in Cubism, particularly how the a newspaper of the Pacific depiction of multiple viewpoints – stimulated by Cezanne’s explorations of form – revolutionised…”; “I’m interested in how Pop Art emerged as a response to Abstract Expressionism, it strikes me as a mischievous movement that counter-balanced…” From an how to write International, alternative perspective – Perhaps more of an for writing a newspaper article, expectation at how to essays ICS — International Community, degree level, but are you able to place yourself in sombody else’s shoes?
For example, can you argue or justify an alternative viewpoint e.g. from a feminist, modern, or post-modern perspective? “Whilst appreciating Rothko’s intent to provoke with his Seagram Restaurant commission, I can imagine a dining capitalist might have been entirely less sensitive to the sense of claustrophobia he envisaged…” Concluding your essay. Summarise your study and article Pacific show the benefits of doing it. Learning Write Essays ICS — International. Revisit your introduction – specifically the aims or investigative questions set out at the start. Level Coursework. (You do not need to have definitive answers though; reflective, new, unanswered questions can have value too). Summarise key findings that have come from your research and analysis. Write Essays ICS — International Community. Offer reflective, personal opinions on your research, and how this has shaped your own practical work. Share thoughts on potential opportunities for future exploration – themes / artists / experiments you might explore if given more time. Include a short reflection on the process of the essay writing study itself – the research and thinking skills that you have developed.
No need to cover all of how to ICS — International Community these in your limited word count. Identify the insights that resonate most; don’t let your hard work whimper out in these final stages. Including a bibliography. This details any resources that you have used for your essay, including websites, books, articles and videos. For Writing Article University Pacific. Try to list these as you go along rather than having to learning School back-track. How To Write Glion London, Business School. Set it out learning write International School, like this: Author – put the write an academic article Business last name first. Title – this should be underlined and in quotation marks. Publisher - in a book this is usually located on write essays School, one of the first few pages. Date – the date/year the book/article was published.
For example: Cotton, Charlotte, ‘The Photograph as Contemporary Art’, Thames Hudson, 2009. Can I put a bow on it? How best to p resent your essay. Your personal study can be creatively elaborated on, and some schools go to town on writing on my Queen's, this. Done well this might result in complex new making in response to your research findings. But there is a danger that practical responses at this point can seem ‘bolted on’, plain rushed and write ICS — International superficial. Review The Asia Of Technology. Before we get to any bells and whistles it’s best to complete a straightforward formal essay. word-processed and essays International School double-spaced. Writing Father. All imagery should be clearly referenced within text (e.g. Fig.
1 and then image labelled with Artist name, title, date) An appropriate cover, thoughtfully designed with imagery, the learning how to ICS — International essay title and level coursework Washington your name Ring bound with acetate cover and card back. Once this is done, if time allows, it is over to you. Why not produce a short summary film, like Becky’s below? Helpful? Have I missed a trick? Any thoughts from students or teachers welcome in the comment boxes below. Senior Leader Teacher of Art Photography @DevNicely.
Because my daughter is learning how to write ICS — International School studying for AICE Diploma with one of her subject being Art Design at A level, in India, and because the teacher support in the school could have been better, I am engaged in look out of other online resources. Review The Asia Pacific University Of Technology & Innovation (APU). Amiria Robinson was the write essays International Community first, and I found your blog now! Is it possible for a student to write an essay Lancing College seek some guidance on write essays ICS — International Community, a specific issue of Personal Study or the Coursework from you? If yes, how does one do it? Happy to try to help if she wants to email via contact page on this site. I am currently working on my A2 personal study, i have become fascinated with soundscape/sound art, i have been looking closely at essay International School, Bangkok, Bruce Nauman and learning how to write School China Blue, my online coursework is lacking as i have just started. I find essay’s easiest to a newspaper article write when i have a question to argue, and artists to compare and contrast.
Is their any chance you could get back to me with possible questions to how to essays ICS — School structure my study and essay, possibly containing a link between Nauman’s work ‘days’ and guidelines University Pacific Blue’s ‘scratch’ sound pieces. Any help will be greatly appreciated! Hi, I’ve just enjoyed a careful look (and listen) through your project to date. These really are wonderful experiments that you have developed – subtle and emotive. Sound Art is not something I can reflect with any authority on, however, here are a few thoughts which hopefully might help.
Best intentions and all that! Would you consider both works of art that you are interested in sculptural? Obviously the space that the sounds (and the learning how to essays School visitor) occupy (and move within) are integral to the work. How important is the visual experience of these works? Neither are experienced in the dark, for example, so, decisions still made about how we see these? Both works also rely on absence – the absence of human presence, but also of a dominant visual experience.
How does the audience fill these gaps? – How variable are different people’s experiences of these kind of an essay about poetry Lancing College works, in comparison to visual arts. Reflections on how to essays ICS — Community, how we engage? Have you explored alternative visualisations of music, for example graphic scores? This can open up interesting avenues for how to write poetry, alternative responses. How To Write ICS — International Community School. See some examples here https://www.brainpickings.org/2011/05/06/notations-21/ I did have an contoh review The Asia Pacific University & Innovation, AS art student who achieved full marks without completing a drawing, concentrating soley on sound and video. There are a couple of her experiments at the top of this link: http://st-peters.bournemouth.sch.uk/photo/2014/05/16/just-dont-ask-for-the-drawings-art-and-digital-media/
Anyhow, enough. Hope something helps in there! Good luck,though I doubt you need it, very impressed. Hi , in essays ICS — International Community, personal study if we are doing about an artist. Should need to do the reproduction of artists works or just can we use photo copies of how to write poetry artist’s paintings. Hi sorry, missed this comment until now.
You do not have to do a reproduction of an artists work, though to understand technique this might be a useful exercise. Learning How To ICS — International. Your teacher might encourage this for that reason (obviously they are your first port of call for advice). Hi, i have chosen social documentary photography but do not know how i can respond to any of my artists as they all photographed severe cases of poverty. Will i be marked down if i do not respond? Hi, thanks for your question and interest. Critical Review The Asia Pacific University Of Technology. It is difficult – and not my place – to write ICS — International comment on if you’ll be marked up or down; lots of factors at play there. I tell my students (at every opportunity) to get out and experiment as much as possible.
Think carefully about guidelines for writing University what makes the photographers you are drawn to so special. Social documentary is a rich field, not limited to those living in learning how to write essays International Community School, hardship. Perhaps the challenge is not to try to replicate, but to respond to State similar questions that might have provoked them: What is the world around me like? Can I use photography to learning how to ICS — International Community School raise awareness / express my thoughts / to make the world a better place…? and critical review so on, good luck. (Apologies if the reply was too late!) hi, I’m doing a personal study on an artist and i have no idea about how to start this report.It would be very kind of you to learning ICS — International give some tips on essay writing on my, how to start a artist report. Not fully sure of what the learning how to write essays ICS — International Community School expectations are for your ‘artist report’, it is not a term that I use so much in my own teaching. Critical Pacific Of Technology. Obviously your teacher is the first port of call for help – I wouldn’t want to essays Community School contradict their advice. For what it is how to write about poetry Lancing worth, I tend to encourage students to approach artist work / research as contextually as possible.
By this I mean looking at learning how to Community School, how their particular intentions,interests,concepts,techniques etc. Level Coursework Washington State (INTO). came to be – their key influences are particularly important, and these do not have to be limited to other artworks but might include world events, personal circumstances and so on. Learning How To Essays ICS — School. It can sometimes help to narrow focus to a particular strand or two e.g. techniques, subject matter etc. Hi, I’m struggling to how to write Lancing College pin down my personal study. I am really interested in anatomy and how it relates to portraiture and the sense of “what lies beneath”. I’m drawn to Michael Reedy’s work in particular but there are not many other artists working in a similar way.
I know there is ICS — International Community a lot of write article anatomy in Leonardo da Vinci’s studies and sketches which I have been looking at. My teacher is pushing me to look at portraiture generally – do you have any suggestions for focus? I really want to learning essays Community use anatomy if I can but is there not enough in here for a personal study do you think? Hi, it’s a great theme with lots of potential. For a contextual study it is how to a similarities and differences International good to how to write ICS — International Community School bring in a range of diverse connections and references, and obviously ‘anatomy’ covers structure and form, as well as internal workings. How To An Academic Article Glion London, Business & Hospitality School. Francis Well, a surgeon, has an write essays ICS — International Community, interesting approach. The drawings of sculptors, in their quest to understand form, might also be valuable – Giacometti, Henry Moore, Hepworth (who also produced surgery drawings).
Lots of opportunities to a newspaper article of the Pacific enjoy reading and researching wider. Good luck.