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English essay leaving cert? Creative writing workshops norwich
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English essay leaving cert? Creative writing workshops norwich
Argumentative Essay about Why Smoking Should be Banned. Extracts from criteria University Arts this document. ?Page | ________________ Ban Smoking in Public Places Smoking is one of the leading causes of preventable deaths in the United States, and doing it in writing Mercersburg Academy public is even worse because smokers not only criteria for essay writing Norwich Arts, harm themselves, but also those around them. I remember how my great uncle would always smoke in his house regardless of his surroundings. When his daughter visited him for a vacation, she brought her three year old daughter with her. The baby was healthy before coming to her grandpa's house, but in essay writing Institute of Management less than two weeks, she had developed ear infections and started to criteria for essay University Arts, cough. When they went to writing The Mount,, the doctors' office to find out how she had gotten it, the doctor linked it back to the second hand smoke that she was breathing in. When my great uncle found out criteria writing Arts, about it, he finally started to care about where he was smoking and who he was with, and decided that he would smoke in a secluded place where no one but him may be affected. Good. . read more.
Though many smokers already know of the health risks that come with smoking cigarettes, but what most of them do not, is how secondhand smoking can affect other people. ?Breathing in criteria for essay writing University of The Arts low doses of secondhand smoke can increase a person?s risk of heart attack? according to a study by write a high school essay Park School Dr. Meyers, a professor of Cardiology and criteria of The Arts Preventive Medicine at University of Kansas (Sciencedaily.com). Smokers should not risk non-smokers for something that they do. In continuation of Dr. Meyers? study is that, ?secondhand smoking increases the likelihood of write a high essay Kensington Park School a heart attack by making the blood ?sticky?, making it more prone to clotting, and reducing the amount of good cholesterol in the body? (Sciencedaily.com). Non-smokers should not be worrying about Norwich University Arts paying more medical bills, especially in today?s economic situation. Many businesses provide health insurance to their employees. According to a statistical data collected by Live Strong, employers spend an extra $49 million in how to Kensington medical costs for employees who are exposed to secondhand smoking in their jobs (Nelson). . read more. Smoking in criteria for essay Norwich of The public should be banned at a federal level without question.
Smoking negatively affects people, the environment and businesses. There are no logical reasons to english argumentative writing Mercersburg, allow smoking in public places and doing so does not benefit anyone but cigarette makers. Smokers should have secluded areas where they could smoke where no one may be harmed. The government should provide trash cans in for essay Norwich these areas so smokers would not just throw their cigarette butts on how to write a high Park School, the floor. Writing University. Anyone caught smoking in public places and scholarly The Mount, Hill International littering their cigarettes should be fined.
Smoking endangers people who chose not to engage in the same reckless behavior, like my baby cousin who had gotten so sick because of my great uncle?s smoking. It also dirties our environment and harms other animals that are in search of food. Businesses who provide health insurance to their workers affected by second hand smoking are wasting money that could be used to hire more employees. Banning smoking in criteria University of The Arts public may lead to a better way of life and a healthier place to Mercersburg, live. . read more. This student written piece of for essay Norwich University Arts work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Writing to Argue, Persuade and Advise section.
Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Join over 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. Related GCSE Writing to english argumentative writing, Argue, Persuade and of The Advise essays. Another regard is The Mount, Mill, having to criteria University, go to school for another long minimum of 8 years. Most students get a 4-year bachelor's degree, and then go to a medical school for another 4 years to be a Medical Doctor. Doctor Green says, When you are young, your brain is like a sponge, and you can soak up lots of information. When you get older, your brain gets harder and harder and less like a sponge, which means it is much harder to learn and remember information. Should smoking be banned in good writing College public places? Should we ban cars because they are harmful to others?
Of course not. People have the option to drive or not to criteria writing of The, drive and to move away from busy roads, and this exactly the same situation as smoking brings up. Pip, was amazed by his luck, and was then moved to London to become a gentleman. During that period in London, Pip discovered the real person who was his mysterious benefactor was Magwitch the convict which he had met all those years ago in the marshland churchyard . How To Write A High Kensington School. Because of the effects smoking has on criteria for essay writing Norwich University Arts, you and others should it be banned . They have not totally blocked out smokers but have catered for them in a way of putting benches and a heater outside every bar and restaurant, and they have proven that passive smoking has dropped dramatically. a case study on smoking and it's effects. Tobacco was so popular that as part of the war effort, tobacco was made a protected crop in America and argumentative Mercersburg cigarettes were included in soldiers rations. Tobacco companies sent millions of free cigarettes to troops. With soldiers being conscripted and criteria for essay writing Norwich of The Arts everyone having to do national service, a large majority of how to write school young men smoked. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and feedback to. improve your own work. Marked by Teachers, The Student Room and writing Norwich University Get Revising are all trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read the rest?
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English essay leaving cert? Creative writing workshops norwich
Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. The SWOT analysis is an extremely useful tool for criteria for essay writing Norwich University, understanding and decision-making for all sorts of situations in argumentative Mercersburg Academy, business and Norwich University, organizations. Table of contents. 1. swot analysis. SWOT analysis method and examples, with free SWOT template. The SWOT analysis is an extremely useful tool for understanding and decision-making for all sorts of peer review journal articles University of California, Los Angeles situations in business and organizations. SWOT is an acronym for of The, Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats.
Information about the origins and inventors of SWOT analysis is below. The SWOT analysis headings provide a good framework for reviewing strategy, position and direction of a company or business proposition, or any other idea . Completing a SWOT analysis is essay very simple, and is a good subject for workshop sessions. SWOT analysis also works well in brainstorming meetings. Use SWOT analysis for business planning, strategic planning, competitor evaluation, marketing, business and product development and research reports. You can also use SWOT analysis exercises for for essay University, team building games.
Note that SWOT analysis is often interpreted and used as a SWOT Analysis 2x2 Matrix, especially in business and marketing planning. In addition to this 2x2 matrix method, SWOT analysis is also a widely recognized method for essay writing Sheridan, gathering, structuring, presenting and reviewing extensive planning data within a larger business or project planning process. See also PEST analysis, which measures a business's market and potential according to external factors; Political, Economic, Social and Technological. It is often helpful to complete a PEST analysis prior to a SWOT analysis. In other situations it may be more useful to complete a PEST analysis as part of, or after, a SWOT analysis.
See also Porter's Five Forces model, which is used to analyse competitive position. Please note: If you use SWOT Analysis as a 2x2 matrix method , then technically Strengths and Weaknesses are internal factors (generally the case anyway), whereas Opportunities and Threats are external factors (this can be more difficult, since it requires you to ignore internal threats and criteria Norwich of The Arts, opportunities). Essay? The SWOT 2x2 'internal/external' matrixmethod thus only considers external threats and opportunities. If you have difficulty opening the above doc file here are two other formats: A SWOT analysis measures a business unit, a proposition or idea; a PEST analysis measures a market. A SWOT analysis is a subjective assessment of data which is for essay writing of The organized by the SWOT format into a logical order that helps understanding, presentation, discussion and decision-making. The four dimensions are a useful extension of a basic two heading list of pro's and argumentative essay Auston Institute of Management, con's (free pro's and con's template here). SWOT analysis can be used for all sorts of decision-making, and the SWOT template enables proactive thinking, rather than relying on habitual or instinctive reactions. The SWOT analysis template is normally presented as a grid, comprising four sections, one for each of the SWOT headings: Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats. The free SWOT template below includes sample questions, whose answers are inserted into writing of The the relevant section of the SWOT grid. Clear Writing And Critical Thinking College? The questions are examples, or discussion points, and criteria for essay University of The Arts, obviously can be altered depending on how to essay School, the subject of the SWOT analysis.
Note that many of the for essay Norwich University SWOT questions are also talking points for other headings - use them as you find most helpful, and make up your own to and critical d'Overbroeck's, suit the issue being analysed. It is for essay writing Norwich Arts important to clearly identify the argumentative essay Auston Institute of Management subject of a SWOT analysis, because a SWOT analysis is a perspective of one thing, be it a company, a product, a proposition, and criteria for essay University Arts, idea, a method, or option, etc. SWOT analysis is commonly presented and essay writing Auston Institute, developed into a 2x2 matrix, which is shown and explained within the criteria writing Norwich of The Arts SWOT analysis matrix section. swot analysis matrix - in business/marketing - internal v external factors. Modern SWOT analysis in argumentative, business and marketing situations is normally structured so that a 2x2 matrix grid can be produced, according to two pairs of dimensions. Strengths and Weaknesses , are 'mapped' or 'graphed' against Opportunities and Threats . To enable this to happen cleanly and clearly, and from a logical point of view anyway when completing a SWOT analysis in most business and marketing situations, Strengths and University of The, Weaknesses are regarded distinctly as internal factors , whereas Opportunities and Threats are regarded distinctly as external factors . Here is the explanation in more detail: Strengths and Weaknesses.
swot matrix (2x2 matrix using internal/external categories) Here is peer journal articles University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) a typical extension of the basic SWOT analysis grid into a useful 'action-based' 2x2 SWOT matrix. The SWOT analysis in this format acts as a quick decision-making tool, quite aside from the more detailed data that would typically be fed into business planning process for for essay writing Norwich of The Arts, each of the SWOT factors. Here the 2x2 matrix model automatically suggests actions for issues arising from the SWOT analysis, according to clear writing and critical College, four different categories: obvious natural priorities. Likely to produce greatest ROI (Return On Investment) Likely to be quickest and easiest to implement. Probably justifying immediate action-planning or feasibility study.
Executive question: If we are not already looking at these areas and prioritising them, then why not? Likely to for essay writing Norwich University of The Arts, produce good returns if capability and implementation are viable. Potentially more exciting and argumentative essay Auston of Management, stimulating and rewarding than S/O due to change, challenge, surprise tactics, and benefits from for essay writing Norwich University of The Arts addressing and achieving improvements. Executive questions: What's actually stopping us doing these things, provided they truly fit strategically and are realistic and substantial? Only basic awareness, planning, and writing The Mount, Mill, implementation required to criteria University of The, meet these challenges. Investment in these issues is generally safe and necessary. Executive question: Are we properly informed and organized to peer review journal Los Angeles, deal with these issues, and are we certain there are no hidden surprises? - and - Since we are strong here, can any of criteria for essay writing Norwich Arts these threats be turned into opportunities? Assessment of risk crucial. Where risk is low then we must ignore these issues and not be distracted by them. Where risk is high we must assess capability gaps and plan to defend/avert in very specific controlled ways. Executive question: Have we accurately assessed the risks of these issues, and where the and critical thinking College risks are high do we have specific controlled reliable plans to avoid/avert/defend?
N.B. SWOT analysis is a very flexible tool. Criteria For Essay Norwich University Of The? Its use is not restricted to business and marketing. Be mindful that when SWOT is used in situations outside of business and marketing, strict categorization of the SWOT dimensions (according to 'internal' and 'external' factors) can be limiting, and so a more open interpretation of the model can be helpful in such circumstances, especially when assessing Opportunities and Threats. Also be mindful that if using the SWOT analysis model only as a 2x2 matrix, which assumes the how to write a high Kensington School categorization of internal and writing Norwich University of The Arts, external factors (and notably limiting the assessment of threats and opportunities to external factors only), that it is very easy then to good essay Sheridan College, miss certain threats and opportunities that can exist (internally) within the company/organization. Some internal threats and opportunities can be substantial, for example, opportunities such as: energy-saving, process-improvement, training, advertising, or discontinuing loss-making products, or threats such as: desertion or key staff, the loss of major contracts, to name just a couple of typically ever-present threats within large commercial corporations. Be mindful therefore that the 'simplified' SWOT 2x2 matrix 'internal/external' method is not a reliable tool alone for identifying all threats and opportunities within organizations, or indeed any other situation. You will note from the origins of SWOT analysis below that the methodology did not begin, and was not operated as the simple 2x2 'internal/external' matrix that we commonly see today. Particularly, the original application of the model did not restrict threats and opportunities to just external factors.
Instead, six key aspects of the business in question (namely: product, process, customer, distribution, finance, admin) were each assessed using the SWOT model. Each aspect was considered according to all four SWOT elements. Thus today when we apply the criteria for essay Norwich University SWOT model to an entire business, if we disregard internal threats and opportunities, so the analysis can exclude some potentially serious issues. swot analysis - different applications. SWOT analysis is a powerful model for argumentative writing Mercersburg, many different situations.
The SWOT tool is not just for business and marketing. Here are some examples of what a SWOT analysis can be used to assess: a company (its position in the market, commercial viability, etc) a method of sales distribution a product or brand a business idea a strategic option, such as entering a new market or launching a new product a opportunity to make an acquisition a potential partnership changing a supplier outsourcing a service, activity or resource project planning and project management an criteria writing Norwich Arts, investment opportunity personal financial planning personal career development - direction, choice, change, etc. education and qualifications planning and The Mount,, decision-making life-change - downshifting, relocation, relationships, perhaps even family planning. Whatever the for essay Norwich of The application, be sure to describe the subject (or purpose or question) for the SWOT analysis clearly so you remain focused on the central issue. This is especially crucial when others are involved in the process. People contributing to the analysis and seeing the finished SWOT analysis must be able to understand properly the writing purpose of the SWOT assessment and criteria for essay writing Norwich University of The, the implications arising. Here is writing Sheridan College a larger illustration of SWOT analysis. Note that this format is criteria for essay writing University not presented or proposed as a 2x2 'internal/external' matrix; it's a more open demonstration of the argumentative sorts of issues and questions which can be addressed when using the SWOT format as part of business planning and criteria for essay writing Norwich University of The, decision-making. Subject of SWOT analysis: (define the subject of the analysis here)
Advantages of proposition? Capabilities? Competitive advantages? USP's (unique selling points)? Resources, Assets, People? Experience, knowledge, data? Financial reserves, likely returns? Marketing - reach, distribution, awareness? Innovative aspects? Location and geographical? Price, value, quality?
Accreditations, qualifications, certifications? Processes, systems, IT, communications? Cultural, attitudinal, behavioural? Management cover, succession? Disadvantages of proposition?
Gaps in capabilities? Lack of competitive strength? Reputation, presence and reach? Financials? Own known vulnerabilities? Timescales, deadlines and pressures? Cashflow, start-up cash-drain? Continuity, supply chain robustness?
Effects on core activities, distraction? Reliability of data, plan predictability? Morale, commitment, leadership? Accreditations, etc? Processes and systems, etc? Management cover, succession?
Market developments? Competitors' vulnerabilities? Industry or lifestyle trends? Technology development and writing scholarly articles The Mount, Mill, innovation? Global influences? New markets, vertical, horizontal? Niche target markets? Geographical, export, import? Market need for new USP's? Market response to tactics, e.g., surprise?
Major contracts, tenders? Business and product development? Information and research? Partnerships, agencies, distribution? Market volume demand trends? Seasonal, weather, fashion influences? Political effects? Legislative effects? Environmental effects?
IT developments? Competitor intentions - various? Market demand? New technologies, services, ideas? Vital contracts and partners? Obstacles faced? Insurmountable weaknesses? Employment market? Financial and credit pressures? Economy - home, abroad?
Seasonality, weather effects? free SWOT analysis template worksheet version (doc file) This SWOT analysis example is based on for essay Norwich, an imaginary situation. Argumentative Mercersburg? The scenario is based on writing University Arts, a business-to-business manufacturing company, who historically rely on distributors to take their products to the end user market. The opportunity, and therefore the subject for the SWOT analysis, is for the manufacturer to create a new company of english argumentative writing its own to distribute its products direct to certain end-user sectors, which are not being covered or developed by its normal distributors. Subject of SWOT analysis example: the criteria for essay University of The creation of own distributor company to access new end-user sectors not currently being developed.
End-user sales control and direction. Right products, quality and argumentative writing, reliability. Superior product performance vs competitors. Better product life and durability. Spare manufacturing capacity. Some staff have experience of end-user sector. Have customer lists.
Direct delivery capability. For Essay Norwich University Arts? Product innovations ongoing. How To Park? Can serve from criteria Norwich University of The Arts existing sites. Products have required accreditations. Clear Writing And Critical D'Overbroeck's College? Processes and IT should cope. Management is committed and confident. Customer lists not tested. Some gaps in range for certain sectors. We would be a small player. No direct marketing experience.
We cannot supply end-users abroad. Criteria Writing Of The Arts? Need more sales people. English Argumentative Writing Mercersburg? Limited budget. No pilot or trial done yet. Don't have a detailed plan yet. Delivery-staff need training.
Customer service staff need training. Processes and systems, etc Management cover insufficient. Could develop new products. Local competitors have poor products. Profit margins will be good. End-users respond to new ideas. Could extend to overseas.
New specialist applications. Can surprise competitors. Support core business economies. Could seek better supplier deals. Legislation could impact.
Environmental effects would favour larger competitors. Existing core business distribution risk. Market demand very seasonal. Retention of for essay writing Norwich University key staff critical. Could distract from how to write a high school Park School core business. Criteria Writing? Possible negative publicity.
Vulnerable to The Mount, Mill Hill, reactive attack by major competitors. See also the free PEST analysis template and method, which measures a business according to external factors; Political, Economic, Social and criteria Norwich University of The, Technological. It is often helpful to complete a PEST analysis prior to competing a SWOT analysis. more on the difference and relationship between PEST and SWOT. There is some overlap between PEST and write essay Kensington Park School, SWOT. Similar factors appear in for essay writing Arts, each. That said, PEST and SWOT are certainly two different perspectives: PEST tends to assess a market, including competitors, from the standpoint of a particular proposition or a business.
SWOT in business and marketing tends to be an assessment of a business or a proposition, whether it is your own business or (less commonly) a competitor's business or proposition. Strategic planning is not a precise science - no tool is mandatory - it's a matter of good Sheridan College pragmatic choice as to writing Arts, what helps best to identify and explain the issues. PEST analysis may useful before SWOT analysis where it helps to identify SWOT factors. Clear And Critical Thinking D'Overbroeck's? Alternatively PEST analysis may be incorporated within a SWOT analysis, to achieve the same effect. PEST becomes more useful and relevant the larger and more complex the business or proposition, but even for a very small local businesses a PEST analysis can still throw up one or two very significant issues that might otherwise be missed.
The four quadrants in PEST vary in significance depending on the type of business, for example, social factors are more obviously relevant to consumer businesses or a B2B (business-to-business) organization close to the consumer-end of the criteria writing Norwich University Arts supply chain, whereas political factors are more obviously relevant to a global munitions supplier or aerosol propellant manufacturer. All businesses benefit from a SWOT analysis, and all businesses benefit from clear writing and critical thinking d'Overbroeck's completing a SWOT analysis of their main competitors, which interestingly can then provide useful points back into the economic aspects of the PEST analysis. swot analysis history - the origins of the SWOT analysis model. This remarkable piece of for essay writing Norwich University history as to how to a high school essay School, the origins of SWOT analysis was provided by Albert S Humphrey, one of the founding fathers of what we know today as SWOT analysis. I am indebted to him for sharing this fascinating contribution. Albert Humphrey died on 31 October 2005. He was one of the good guys.
SWOT analysis came from the research conducted at Stanford Research Institute from 1960-1970. The background to SWOT stemmed from the criteria Norwich University of The need to find out why corporate planning failed. The research was funded by review journal articles of California, (UCLA) the fortune 500 companies to find out criteria writing of The, what could be done about this failure. The Research Team were Marion Dosher, Dr Otis Benepe, Albert Humphrey, Robert Stewart, Birger Lie. It all began with the corporate planning trend, which seemed to appear first at articles University of California, Los Angeles, Du Pont in criteria Norwich, 1949.
By 1960 every Fortune 500 company had a 'corporate planning manager' (or equivalent) and 'associations of long range corporate planners' had sprung up in both the USA and the UK. However a unanimous opinion developed in all of these companies that corporate planning in the shape of long range planning was not working, did not pay off, and was an expensive investment in futility. It was widely held that managing change and setting realistic objectives which carry the conviction of those responsible was difficult and often resulted in questionable compromises. The fact remained, despite the and critical d'Overbroeck's College corporate and long range planners, that the one and for essay University of The, only missing link was how to get the management team agreed and committed to a comprehensive set of action programmes. To create this link, starting in 1960, Robert F Stewart at SRI in Menlo Park California lead a research team to discover what was going wrong with corporate planning, and articles The Mount,, then to find some sort of solution, or to create a system for enabling management teams agreed and committed to development work, which today we call 'managing change'. The research carried on from 1960 through 1969. 1100 companies and organizations were interviewed and for essay writing University Arts, a 250-item questionnaire was designed and completed by over 5,000 executives. Seven key findings lead to the conclusion that in corporations chief executive should be the argumentative writing chief planner and that his immediate functional directors should be the planning team. Dr Otis Benepe defined the University of The Arts 'Chain of Logic' which became the review articles core of system designed to University of The, fix the link for obtaining agreement and commitment.
We discovered that we could not change the how to school essay Kensington School values of the team nor set the objectives for the team so we started as the Norwich Arts first step by asking the appraisal question, for example, what's good and bad about the operation. We began the system by asking what is writing articles The Mount, Mill Hill good and bad about the present and the future. What is good in the present is Satisfactory, good in the future is an Opportunity; bad in the present is criteria for essay University a Fault and bad in the future is a Threat. This was called the SOFT analysis. When this was presented to Urick and Orr* in write, 1964 at the Seminar in Long Range Planning at the Dolder Grand in Zurich Switzerland they changed the F to a W and called it SWOT Analysis. SWOT was then promoted in Britain by for essay writing Norwich University Arts Urick and Orr as an essay writing Auston of Management, exercise in and of itself. As such it has no benefit. What was necessary was the sorting of the issues into the programme planning categories of: Product (what are we selling?) Process (how are we selling it?) Customer (to whom are we selling it?) Distribution (how does it reach them?) Finance (what are the prices, costs and investments?) Administration (and how do we manage all this?) [*N.B. Albert Humphrey's reference to 'Urick and Orr' is uncertain.
Does this instead really refer to criteria for essay University of The Arts, the notable British management theorists/and for a time consultancy partners Lyndall Urwick and John Leslie Orr? I don't know. English Argumentative Mercersburg Academy? If you do please tell me.] The second step then becomes 'what shall the writing Norwich Arts team do' about the issues in each of these categories. The planning process was then designed through trial and error and resulted finally in a 17 step process beginning with SOFT/SWOT with each issue recorded separately on writing Auston of Management, a single page called a planning issue. The first prototype was tested and published in 1966 based on the work done at criteria, 'Erie Technological Corp' in Erie Pa. In 1970 the prototype was brought to the UK, under the sponsorship of W H Smith Sons plc, and completed by good Sheridan College 1973. The operational programme was used to merge the CWS milling and writing University of The Arts, baking operations with those of J W French Ltd. The process has been used successfully ever since. By 2004, now, this system has been fully developed, and proven to cope with today's problems of setting and agreeing realistic annual objectives without depending on writing International, outside consultants or expensive staff resources.
The key findings were never published because it was felt they were too controversial. This is what was found: 1) A business was divided into two parts. The base business plus the development business. This was re-discovered by for essay Norwich University of The Arts Dr Peter Senge at english argumentative Mercersburg, MIT in 1998 and published in his book the Fifth Discipline (not '5th Dimension' as previously stated here - thanks J Hoffman for for essay Norwich, this correction, 28 Jan 2011). The amount of development business which become operational is equal to a high essay Kensington Park School, or greater than that business on criteria for essay Norwich University of The Arts, the books within a period of 5 to Sheridan College, 7 years. This was a major surprise and for essay writing, urged the need for writing articles The Mount, Mill International, discovering a better method for planning and managing change. 2) Dr Hal Eyring published his findings on 'Distributive Justice' and criteria for essay University of The, pointed out clear and critical College, that all people measure what they get from writing Norwich University their work and divide it by what they give to how to school Kensington, the work and this ratio is criteria University Arts compared to others.
If it is not equal then the person first re-perceives and secondly slows down if added demands are not met. (See for interest Adams Equity Theory and essay writing Institute of Management, the Equity Theory Diagram pdf) 3) The introduction of a corporate planner upset the sense of fair play at senior level, making the job of the corporate planner impossible. 4) The gap between what could be done by the organisation and what was actually done was about criteria writing Norwich of The Arts, 35%. 5) The senior man will over-supervise the area he comes from. Argumentative Essay Institute Of Management? Finance- Finance, Engineering-Engineering etc. 6) There are 3 factors which separate excellence from mediocrity: a. Overt attention to purchasing. b. Short-term written down departmental plans for improvement.
c. Continued education of the Senior Executive. 7) Some form of formal documentation is required to obtain approval for development work. In short we could not solve the problem by stopping planning. By sorting the SWOT issues into the 6 planning categories one can obtain a system which presents a practical way of assimilating the criteria University internal and external information about the business unit, delineating short and long term priorities, and allowing an easy way to build the management team which can achieve the objectives of profit growth. This approach captures the collective agreement and commitment of those who will ultimately have to do the good Sheridan work of Norwich Arts meeting or exceeding the objectives finally set. It permits the team leader to define and review journal articles Los Angeles, develop co-ordinated, goal-directed actions, which underpin the overall agreed objectives between levels of the business hierarchy. Albert S Humphrey. translating SWOT issues into actions under the six categories.
Albert Humphrey advocated that the six categories: Product (what are we selling?) Process (how are we selling it?) Customer (to whom are we selling it?) Distribution (how does it reach them?) Finance (what are the prices, costs and investments?) Administration (and how do we manage all this?) provide a framework by criteria for essay Norwich University which SWOT issues can be developed into actions and managed using teams. This can be something of a 'leap', and so the stage warrants further explanation. Clear Writing College? Translating the SWOT issues into actions, are best sorted into (or if necessary broken down into) the six categories, because in the context of the for essay University of The Arts way that business and organizations work, this makes them more quantifiable and how to Kensington School, measurable, responsible teams more accountable, and therefore the activities more manageable. The other pivotal part in the process is of course achieving the commitment from the team(s) involved, which is partly explained in for essay University Arts, the item summarising Humphrey's TAM® model and process. As far as identifying actions from SWOT issues is concerned, it all very much depends on writing Mercersburg Academy, your reasons and aims for using SWOT, and also your authority/ability to manage others, whom by implication of SWOT's breadth and depth, are likely to be involved in the agreement and delivery of actions. Depending on criteria for essay Arts, pretext and situation, a SWOT analysis can produce issues which very readily translate into (one of the six) category actions, or a SWOT analysis can produce issues which overlay a number of categories. Or a mixture. Whatever, SWOT essentially tells you what is good and english, bad about a business or a particular proposition. If it's a business, and the aim is to improve it, then work on for essay writing Norwich University, translating: strengths (maintain, build and leverage) , opportunities (prioritise and optimise) , weaknesses (remedy or exit) , into actions (each within one of the good essay writing six categories) that can be agreed and owned by a team or number of for essay writing Arts teams.
If the SWOT analysis is being used to assess a proposition, then it could be that the articles Mill Hill analysis shows that the proposition is too weak (especially if compared with other SWOT's for criteria writing Norwich of The, alternative propositions) to warrant further investment, in which case further action planning, other than exit, is not required. If the proposition is clearly strong (presumably you will have indicated this using other methods as well), then proceed as for writing Institute, a business, and translate issues into category actions with suitable ownership by team(s). This is my understanding of Norwich of The Albert Humphrey's theory relating to developing SWOT issues into organizational change actions and accountabilities. (I'm pleased to say that Albert kindly confirmed that this is indeed correct.) There are other ways of peer review journal articles Los Angeles (UCLA) applying SWOT of course, depending on your circumstances and aims, for instance if concentrating on a department rather than a whole business, then it could make sense to writing University, revise the six categories to reflect the functional parts of the department, or whatever will enable the issues to writing Auston of Management, be translatable into manageable, accountable and owned aims. Here is a summary of criteria writing Norwich University Albert Humphrey's impressive TAM® (Team Action Management) model, developed and used to peer journal articles of California, (UCLA), speed up the process of initiating and controlling organizational change.
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Our writers are graduated students from the best Universities of the criteria for essay writing Norwich University of The Arts world. On Apartheid Essay, Research Paper. C. English? Colored (Mixed Race) D. Criteria For Essay Writing Arts? Public Accomodations. “Apartheid, pronounced ah PAHRT hayt or pronounced ah PAHRT hyt, was, from 1948 until 1991, the South African government’s policy of rigid racial segregation. The word apartheid means separateness in peer review (UCLA), Afrikaans, one of South Africa’s official languages. Built on earlier South African laws and customs, apartheid classified every South African by race as either (1) black, (2) white, (3) Colored (mixed race), or (4) Asian. Apartheid required segregation in housing, education, employment, public accommodations, and transportation.
It segregated not only almost all whites from nonwhites but also major nonwhite groups from each other. For Essay Writing Of The? It also limited the rights of nonwhites to own and occupy land, and to enter white neighborhoods.” “The South African government tried to english writing Mercersburg, justify apartheid by claiming that peaceful coexistence of the races was possible only if the races were separated from one another. However, white South Africans used apartheid chiefly as a way to control the for essay Norwich University Arts vast nonwhite majority. Most South Africans strongly opposed apartheid.
Leading opposition groups included the African National Congress (ANC). Most ANC members were blacks. Essay Writing Institute? Between 1948 and 1991, large numbers of people protested apartheid by staging boycotts, demonstrations, and strikes. Violence often broke out, and thousands of criteria for essay Norwich University of The Arts people, most of essay writing them blacks, were killed.” “But apartheid’s effects continued even after the laws were repealed. Today, many blacks and Norwich of The Arts other nonwhites continue to face unofficial segregation and discrimination in South Africa.”
Apartheid is the policy of racial segregation formerly followed in South Africa. The word apartheid means separateness in the Afrikaans language, and it described the rigid racial division between the governing white minority population and the nonwhite majority population. Apartheid was the political policy for South Africa from argumentative writing Mercersburg, 1948 until the early 1990s. Apartheid laws classified people according to three major racial groups: white; Bantu, or black African; and Coloured, or people of mixed descent. Later, Asians, or Indians and criteria for essay Norwich Arts Pakistanis, were added as a fourth category. The laws determined where members of each racial group could live, prohibited most social contact between races, and denied representation of nonwhites in the national government. Before apartheid became the official policy, South Africa had a long history of racial segregation.
In 1910 parliamentary membership was limited to whites, and clear thinking College legislation passed in 1913 restricted black land ownership. Criteria For Essay Norwich University? In 1912 the African National Congress (ANC) was founded to peer review articles University of California, Los Angeles, fight these policies. From the criteria for essay writing University mid-1970s to the mid-1980s the government implemented a series of reforms, but apartheid continued to be criticized internationally. Clear Thinking D'Overbroeck's College? In 1990 South Africa finally ended apartheid. South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission, formed to uncover past events without further polarizing society, released its final report on human rights abuses under apartheid in 1998. Its conclusions were attacked by all of the country’s main political parties, none of which escaped criticism in the report. South Africa gains independence from Great Britain after the passage of the Statute of Westminster by the British Parliament in December 1931 and its acceptance by South Africa in June 1934.
From the formation of the independent country, the white minority controls the government and moves to limit the powers of criteria for essay writing Arts nonwhites and create special designated areas, or homelands, for them to writing The Mount, Mill, live. The United Nations adopts a resolution condemning the South African government’s treatment of its Indian minority and criteria for essay writing of The Arts asks both South Africa and thinking d'Overbroeck's College India to criteria for essay writing Norwich University of The Arts, report back as to whether conditions had improved to conform with the U.N. charter. A highly publicized effort by India to prevent South Africa from discriminating against the Indian minority marks the most prominent criticism to date of english South Africa’s increasingly divisive racial policies. [See Facts On File print edition 1946, p.39A] The conservative Afrikaner-dominated National Party wins parliamentary elections and gains control of the South African government. The party, under new Premier Dr. Daniel F. Malan, begins taking steps toward implementing apartheid (apartness), the national policy of racial separation. [See Facts On File print edition 1948, p. 171C2] Group Areas Act is enacted. It segregates communities and relegates the black population to a minor percentage of the nation’s land. [See Facts On File print edition 1950, p. 189M] Population Registrations Act is enacted. It requires all South Africans to register their race with the government.
Enactment of pass laws. The laws require blacks to carry passbooks so that the criteria for essay Norwich of The government can regulate their travel through the country. Separate Amenities Act is enacted, establishing separate public facilities for whites and nonwhites. The African National Congress and other opposition groups adopt the Freedom Charter, calling for equal political rights for all races. March 21 – April 5, 1960. Police kill 69 unarmed protesters in Sharpeville. The government bans all opposition groups, may of which begin underground armed struggles for black and mixed-race liberation, including the African National Congress. [See Facts On File print edition 1960, pp. 109F3, 103D3] South Africa becomes a republic. The decision to essay writing Auston Institute, break from the Commonwealth is prompted by Asian and African Commonwealth member sates’ denunciation of South Africa’s apartheid policies, which it refuses to alter. [See Facts On File print edition 1961, p. 97A1] U.N.
General Assembly President Abdelaziz Bouteflika of Algeria suspends South Africa from participating in the remainder of assembly sessions for that year. The following day South Africa recalls it U.N. ambassador and freezes its $1 million annual contribution to the organization. [See Facts On File print edition 1963, p. 935F2] Nelson Mandela, an for essay writing University of The Arts ANC leader, is convicted of sabotage and trying to overthrow the government. He is how to a high School, sentenced to life in prison. For Essay Writing Norwich University Of The Arts? [See Facts On File print edition 1964, p. 197C1] A student protest in good essay College, the black township of Soweto against mandatory education in Afrikaans spreads. Norwich Arts? The government, in an effort to suppress the civil unrest, kills 575 people over eight months. [See Facts On File print edition 1976, p. 425F1] Transkei becomes the first homeland granted nominal independence. The 10 homelands eventually make up about 13% of South African territory. [See Facts On File print edition 1976, p. 813A1] Steven Biko, one of the and critical thinking most influential black student leaders in South Africa, is reported to criteria for essay University of The, have died from a hunger strike while in police detention. [See Facts On File print edition 1977, p. 707C3]
White voters approve a new constitution that creates separate chambers in writing Institute of Management, the legislature for Asians and Norwich University of The Coloreds (people of mixed race), although not for blacks. A national state of argumentative essay writing Institute emergency is imposed following widespread strikes and riots. The decree gives virtually unlimited powers to the security forces and imposes restrictions on for essay writing Norwich University the press. Laws requiring blacks to carry passbooks for identification are scrapped. U.S. Congress overrides President Ronald Reagan’s veto and imposes strict economic sanctions against South Africa. Reformist F. W. Writing? de Klerk of the National Party is elected president. De Klerk announces plans to scrap the Separate Amenities Act, and it is subsequently repealed.
De Klerk lifts restrictions on 33 opposition groups, most of for essay Norwich University of The Arts which had been banned for their antiapartheid activities. ANC leader Nelson Mandela is released after 27 years in prison. [See Nelson Mandela Freed in South Africa] The state of articles University of California, Los Angeles emergency is lifted in Natal province, the last region of the country where it is still in effect. Black students enter previously all-white public schools. The Lands Acts of criteria writing Norwich University of The 1913 and 1936 and the Group Areas Act of 1950 are repealed. The Population Registration Act of 1950 is a high school essay School, repealed.
President George Bush lifts most U.S. economic sanctions against South Africa. De Klerk outlines his government’s proposals for a new constitution that will provide suffrage to the black majority for the first time. Delegations from 19 political groups meet in Johannesburg for talks aimed at for essay Norwich of The Arts ending white-minority rule in South Africa. Seventeen sigh a declaration pledging them to work toward a nonracial democracy. South African whites, voting in record numbers, overwhelmingly endorse de Klerk’s reform policies in a referendum on clear writing thinking whether to negotiate an end to white minority rule through talks wit the black majority.
More than 40 blacks are killed in criteria for essay Norwich University of The Arts, the South African township of Boipatong. The incident prompts the ANC to withdraw from constitutional talks for four months, uring the government to take steps to clear thinking d'Overbroeck's College, curb township violence that has claimed 1,500 lives since the criteria writing Norwich of The Arts beginning of 1992. The government and the ANC agree on a transitional “government of national unity” in essay School, which bot parties will be partners. Chris Hani, the secretary general of the criteria for essay Norwich of The South African Communist Party, is assassinated. White rightist are later convicted.
A date is articles The Mount, Hill, confirmed for the country’s first universal suffrage elections. A multiracial council that would help oversee election preparations is formed. U.N. lifts most remaining economic sanctions against South Africa. Twenty-one of South Africa’s black and white political parties approve a majority-rule constitution that provides fundamental rights to blacks. For Essay Norwich University Arts? The document calls for the election of a coalition government that would remain in office for five years after the elections, and for how to school Kensington, the dissolution of the country’s 10 black self-governing homelands.
The U.S. repeals sanctions against criteria for essay writing of The South Africa. Jan. 29-Feb. 2, 1994. Mandela and de Klerk officially launch their respective election campaigns. Mandela presents the ANC’s campaign manifesto detailing the group’s economic-reform proposals. March 13-31, 1994. The leader of the clear d'Overbroeck's Bophuthatswana homeland, who opposed the election accord, is deposed by South African government forces. A state of emergency is declared in the KwaZulu homeland following upsuges of civil unrest. Also, 53 people are killed in gun battles in Johannesburg during a protest march by Zulus demanding that KwaZulu be excluded from the elections.
The Zulu-based Inkatha Freedom Party, which has been blamed for inciting violence in its KwaZulu stronghold, agrees to join the elections. April 26-29, 1994. The country’s first universal suffrage elections are held, and blacks are given their first opportunity to vote. Mandela declares an ANC victory, and de Klerk offers his cooperation in the postelection government. The new parliament is set to meet the following week, and Mandela is for essay Norwich, scheduled to be sworn in as president May 10. South Africa is a country blessed with an abundance of natural resources including fertile farmlands and unique mineral resources.
South African mines are world leaders in articles The Mount,, the production of criteria writing Norwich University diamonds and gold as well as strategic metals such as platinum. The climate is mild, reportedly resembling the San Francisco bay area weather more than anywhere in english argumentative Mercersburg, the world. South Africa was colonized by the English and criteria writing Norwich University Arts Dutch in the seventeenth century. English domination of the Dutch descendents (known as Boers or Afrikaners) resulted in the Dutch establishing the new colonies of Orange Free State and Transvaal. The discovery of diamonds in these lands around 1900 resulted in an English invasion which sparked the Boer War. Following independence from England, an uneasy power-sharing between the writing of Management two groups held sway until the criteria University of The 1940’s, when the write school Afrikaner National Party was able to gain a strong majority. Strategists in the National Party invented apartheid as a means to criteria writing Norwich University Arts, cement their control over the economic and social system. Initially, aim of the argumentative essay of Management apartheid was to maintain white domination while extending racial separation. Starting in the 60’s, a plan of “Grand Apartheid” was executed, emphasizing territorial separation and police repression. With the enactment of apartheid laws in 1948, racial discrimination was institutionalized. Criteria For Essay? Race laws touched every aspect of social life, including a prohibition of marriage between non-whites and whites, and the sanctioning of good Sheridan College “white-only” jobs.
In 1950, the Population Registration Act required that all South Africans be racially classified into one of three categories: white, black (African), or colored (of mixed decent). The coloured category included major subgroups of Indians and Asians. Classification into these categories was based on criteria for essay Arts appearance, social acceptance, and descent. For example, a white person was defined as “in appearance obviously a white person or generally accepted as a white person.” A person could not be considered white if one of his or her parents were non-white. The determination that a person was “obviously white” would take into account “his habits, education, and speech and deportment and demeanor.” A black person would be of or accepted as a member of an African tribe or race, and a colored person is one that is peer review University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), not black or white. The Department of Home Affairs (a government bureau) was responsible for the classification of the citizenry. Non-compliance with the criteria writing Norwich of The race laws were dealt with harshly. All blacks were required to carry “pass books” containing fingerprints, photo and information on access to non-black areas.
John Dugard, Nicholas Haysom and Institute Gilbert Marcus. The Last Years of Apartheid: Civil Liberties in South Africa. Arts? Ford Foundation, New York, 1992. Revolution is What is Happening in South Africa. The New York Times, page 26, April 5, 1985. In 1951, the Bantu Authorities Act established a basis for ethnic government in African reserves, known as “homelands.” These homelands were independent states to Mercersburg Academy, which each African was assigned by the government according to the record of origin (which was frequently inaccurate). All political rights, including voting, held by an African were restricted to the designated homeland. The idea was that they would be citizens of the homeland, losing their citizenship in South Africa and any right of involvement with the South African Parliament which held complete hegemony over the homelands.
From 1976 to 1981, four of criteria for essay Norwich these homelands were created, denationalizing nine million South Africans. The homeland administrations refused the nominal independence, maintaining pressure for political rights within the country as a whole. Nevertheless, Africans living in the homelands needed passports to review journal articles of California,, enter South Africa: aliens in criteria writing Norwich of The Arts, their own country. In 1953, the Public Safety Act and the Criminal Law Amendment Act were passed, which empowered the writing International government to declare stringent states of emergency and increased penalties for protesting against or supporting the criteria writing Norwich of The repeal of a law. Argumentative Of Management? The penalties included fines, imprisonment and whippings.
In 1960, a large group of blacks in criteria Norwich of The Arts, Sharpeville refused to carry their passes; the government declared a state of emergency. Peer University (UCLA)? The emergency lasted for 156 days, leaving 69 people dead and 187 people wounded. Wielding the Public Safety Act and the Criminal Law Amendment Act, the white regime had no intention of changing the unjust laws of apartheid.
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acid rain essay Acid Rain essays written by other authors. Effects of Acid Rain on criteria Norwich University of The Arts, an Ecosystem. Acid rain is a widespread problem found all over the world. It is the result of argumentative essay writing Auston, chemicals from burned fossil fuel mixing with moisture in the atmosphere and criteria for essay writing Norwich University, falling to the ground as rain, snow, sleet, etc. Acid deposition is a more precise name than acid rain because acid can fall to the ground as rain, snow, sleet, hail, and anything else. It can also combine with dry particles and fall to the ground; therefore it is writing called dry deposition whereas acid coming down in rain is called wet deposition. Criteria For Essay Of The? Acid Rain And The Destruction On Canada. ACID RAIN - Acid Rain, or more precisely acid precipitation, is the word used to describe rainfall that has a pH level of writing Institute of Management, less than 5.6. This form of air pollution is currently a subject of great controversy because of writing Arts, it's worldwide environmental damages.
For the last ten years, this phenomenon has brought destruction to thousands of lakes and streams in the United States, Canada, and parts of Europe. Acid rain is formed when oxides of nitrogen and sulfite combine with moisture in the atmosphere to make nitric and sulfuric acids. These acids can be carried away far from its origin. And Critical D'Overbroeck's? The two primary sources of acid rain are sulfur dioxide (SO2), and oxides of nitrogen (NOx). Sulfur dioxide is a colorless, prudent gas released as a by-product of combusted fossil fuels containing sulfur.
A variety of industrial processes, such as the production of iron and steel, utility factories, and crude oil processing produce this gas. In iron and steel production, the smelting of metal sulfate ore, produces pure metal. This causes the release of sulfur dioxide. Metals such as zinc, nickel, and copper are commonly obtained by this process. Sulfur dioxide can also be emitted into the atmosphere by of The Arts natural disasters or means. This ten percent of all sulfur dioxide emission comes from volcanoes, sea spray, plankton, and rotting vegetation.
The other chemical that is also chiefly responsible for the make-up of acid rain is nitrogen oxide. Oxides of nitrogen is a term used to describe any compound of University, nitrogen with any amount of oxygen atoms. Criteria For Essay Writing Norwich Of The? Nitrogen monoxide and nitrogen dioxide are all oxides of nitrogen. These gases are by-products of firing processes of extreme high temperatures (automobiles, utility plants), and in essay writing Auston of Management, chemical industries (fertilizer production). Natural processes such as bacterial action in soil, forest fires, volcanic action, and lightning make up five percent of criteria writing Norwich University of The Arts, nitrogen oxide emission. It has been estimated that acid rain causes $1 billion worth of damage in Canada every year. Thousands of lakes have been damaged; a large part of the salmon habitat in the Maritimes has been lost; a significant proportion of eastern Canada's forests has been affected; and The Mount, International, considerable damage to writing Norwich University of The Arts buildings and monuments has been documented. The Canadian Council of Resource and Environment Ministers in established 20 kg/hectare per year as the target for Canadian sulfur dioxide loading. Write Essay Park? In eastern Canada, 96% of the land with high capability for forestry is subject to acidic deposition in excess of Norwich, 20 kg/ha per year. In recent years, important instances of dieback and declines in growth rate have been noted in sugar maple groves in parts of Canada that receive high levels of these and other air pollutants, such as ozone.
Significant growth declines in northern Ontario forests, most notable over the past 30 years, coincide with a period of rapidly increasing industrialization and urbanization across much of the essay, province. About 40% of nitrogen oxides come from transportation (cars, trucks, buses, trains), and 25% from thermoelectric generating stations, and the balance from other industrial, commercial, and criteria Norwich University, residential combustion processes. English Academy? More 80% of all Canadians live in areas with high acid rain-related pollution levels. Transportation makes up 43 percent, and 32 percent belongs to industrial combustion. The interactions between living organisms and the chemistry of their aquatic habitats are extremely complex. If the number of one species or group of species changes in criteria writing University Arts, response to acidification, then the ecosystem of the entire water body is likely to be affected through the predator-prey relationships of the food web.
At first, the essay Auston, effects of acid deposition may be almost imperceptible, but as acidity increases, more and more species of criteria writing Norwich of The Arts, plants and animals decline or disappear. As the water pH approaches 6.0, crustaceans, insects, and some plankton species begin to disappear. As pH approaches 5.0, major changes in the makeup of the plankton community occur, less desirable species of mosses and plankton may begin to invade, and the progressive loss of some fish populations is likely, with the more highly valued species being generally the least tolerant of acidity. Below pH of 5.0, the writing and critical d'Overbroeck's College, water is largely devoid of criteria for essay writing Norwich Arts, fish, the bottom is covered with undecayed material, and the near shore areas may be dominated by mosses. Terrestrial animals dependent on aquatic ecosystems are also affected. Waterfowl, for example, depend on aquatic organisms for nourishment and nutrients. As these food sources are reduced or eliminated, the quality of habitat declines and the reproductive success of the birds is affected. The precipitation of Mercury that is rising in lakes -a horrible toxic to Park School the ecosystem. THE LEVEL OF MERCURY IN FISH Nine commonly-consumed fish types and their average mercury concentrations in micrograms/gram wet weight (parts per million) Acid-Rain in the forest and beyond.
By: Brittney McKenzie. Everybody has heard of Acid-Rain, everybody knows what it is, but everybody doesn't know what Acid-Rain does. Acid-Rain has effects that just doesn't effect one place in criteria Norwich, the forest but it effects most of the forest. When you see damage that Acid-Rain does you would most likely see it in water environments such as streams, lakes, and small pounds. When Acid-Rain falls it flows through the streams, lakes, and small pounds right after it hits the forest, fields, buildings, and roads. But only sometimes Acid-Rain can fall directly in the water. How To A High Essay Park School? When Acid-Rain falls more and more different types of writing University of The, fish and other aquatic plants and animals that live in argumentative Auston, theses waters decrease by the day. Criteria For Essay Writing Norwich Of The Arts? week. year. Because Acid-Rain causes the how to write a high school Kensington Park School, loss of acid-sensitive plants and for essay Norwich University of The, animals, and fish that rely on these organisms for food may also be affected. So just by Acid-Rain falling into water that is some of the things that Acid-Rain can do but there is a lot more. When Acid-Rain comes down it hits the plants and kills the plants being unable to english argumentative grow back. The soil will dry up and stay hard until it is watered if this continues then there will be no more plants on Earth and criteria for essay Norwich of The, if there is no more plants on Earth then all humans will die because plants have air and without air people will die.
Acid-Rain can effect not only thinking, water and water environments but it can effect land. Acid-Rain organisms on land can be very bad because when it is cold the Acid-Rain fall onto the street and freezes up. When it freezes it becomes ice and can cause many car accidents that leads up to deaths. Of The? When Acid-Rains falls it kills animals homes all at the same time leaving nothing but broken trees and hard soil. As a result of their homes being near the scholarly The Mount, Mill Hill, water environments their food that comes from the water will most likely to harder to get because the criteria for essay Norwich University of The Arts, population would be decreasing. People help with Acid-Rain in away because we pollute the air with our cars and other things that give off gas and Acid-Rain pollutes the air as it come down so nature and humans are polluting the air. Acid- Rain do not effect just water environments and land but one of the serious side effects of acid rain on human is respiratory problems. The dioxide and writing College, nitrogen oxide emission gives risk to criteria for essay writing University of The Arts respiratory problems such as dry coughs, asthma, headaches, eye, nose, and throat irritation.
Polluted rainfall is especially harmful to good essay Sheridan those who suffer from asthma or those who have a hard time breathing. But even healthy people can have their lungs damaged by acid air and criteria University Arts, rain. Acid rain can aggravate a person's ability to clear and critical d'Overbroeck's breathe and may increase disease which could lead to death. The United States provide a glimpse of such costs. That acid precipitation destroys, overall, $13,000 million annually in the eastern part of the nation and could cause $1,750 million yearly in forest damage, $8,300 million in crop damage in the Ohio River basin alone by about the year 2000 and criteria writing University of The Arts, $40 million in health costs in the State of Minnesota. The only cost-effective solution to the problem, according to many people, is to reduce emissions at their point of origin. Anyone investigating acid rain should update these figures. In conclusion, all these things kills off the essay writing Auston, forest in so many different ways if it is not by Acid-Rain then it is by criteria writing Norwich cars. When we do things we are killing our self. So Acid-Rain can kill things that we need so know everybody knows about what it and review journal University (UCLA), everybody has heard of for essay of The Arts, it and everybody knows what it does now.
What kind of destruction can/does acid rain cause? The corrosive effects of acidic waters on man-made items are widely known. On the other hand, we only can speak mostly in generalities when discussing the argumentative essay writing of Management, effects of acid-rain on for essay writing University, natural environments. The short-term danger from acid rain is thinking mostly to forest and lake ecosystems, which are very sensitive to chemical imbalances in criteria for essay writing, their environment. With the write school School, loss of these ecosystems that effectively moderate the pH of surface run-off water in many areas, the effect of acid rain on local water supplies could become more pronounced in the future. Where does the pollutant that forms acid rain come from? How is acid rain formed? Acid rain forms when molecules of oxidized sulfur and/or nitrogen in the atmosphere combine with water, forming acidic compounds that dissolve in criteria for essay writing of The Arts, the water that becomes rain. Typical sulfur compounds (SO2 and SO3) get into the atmosphere from both natural (i.e. volcanoes, windblown dust containing gypsum-which has SO4 ions in it, etc..) and non-natural (i.e., burning of coal, refining of metal ores) sources.
Nitrogen compounds also get into the atmosphere and form acids, although the natural sources are much more limited. The biggest non-natural source is burning fossil fuels, especially gasoline. What kind of destruction can/does acid rain cause? The corrosive effects of acidic waters on good essay writing Sheridan College, man-made items are widely known. On the other hand, we only criteria, can speak mostly in generalities when discussing the argumentative Academy, effects of acid-rain on natural environments. The short-term danger from acid rain is criteria writing of The mostly to forest and lake ecosystems, which are very sensitive to chemical imbalances in their environment. With the loss of these ecosystems that effectively moderate the pH of surface run-off water in many areas, the effect of acid rain on local water supplies could become more pronounced in the future. Acid rain forms when molecules of oxidized sulfur and/or nitrogen in the atmosphere combine with water, forming acidic compounds that dissolve in the water that becomes rain. Typical sulfur compounds (SO2 and SO3) get into the atmosphere from essay of Management both natural (i.e. volcanoes, windblown dust containing gypsum-which has SO4 ions in it, etc..) and for essay of The, non-natural (i.e., burning of coal, refining of metal ores) sources. Nitrogen compounds also get into the atmosphere and form acids, although the natural sources are much more limited. The biggest non-natural source is burning fossil fuels, especially gasoline.
This picture shows the total effects of a factory polluting the air through these steps: 2.) Dry deposition from the Sheridan, smoke falls into the lake. For Essay Writing Norwich University Arts? 3.) The rest of the smoke rises up and forms acid rain in the atmosphere (see Acid Rain Formation http://www.angelfire.com/ks3/acidrainreport/formation2.html) 5.) Acid rain falls on a forest and acid snow falls on a mountain 6.) After all this, the lake is affected, the river is affected, the soil is affected and the vegetation is affected. Dr. Thinking D'Overbroeck's College? Ken Rubin, Asst. Professor.
Department of Geology and Geophysics. University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822W. Conclusion on Acid Rain And Automobiles. In conclusion, the two primary sources of acid rain is sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide. Automobiles are the for essay Arts, main source of nitrogen oxide emissions, and International, utility factories are the main source for sulfur dioxide emissions. These gases evaporate into the atmosphere and then oxidized in clouds to form nitric or nitrous acid and sulfuric acid. When these acids fall back to the earth they do not cause damage to just the environment but also to University human health. Acid rain kills plant life and destroys life in lakes and ponds.
The pollutants in acid rain causes problem in human respiratory systems. The pollutants attack humans indirectly through the foods they consumed. They effected human health directly when humans inhale the pollutants. Governments have passed laws to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide and journal, nitrogen oxide, but it is no use unless people start to criteria for essay writing University of The Arts work together in stopping the release of review journal University, these pollutants. If the acid rain destroys our environment, eventually it will destroy us as well.
Acid Rain And The Social Impact. The causes, effects, and how to prevent the amounts of acid rain is completely up to the human race. The cause of acid rain is simple. It’s the humans and their constant quest for of The Arts, the cheapest most efficient way to do things. We want skyscrapers to work in, electricity to writing The Mount, Mill Hill International give us light and cars to get us from point A to point B. The gases such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen monoxide, and nitrogen dioxide are created from the production of steel and iron, utility factories and for essay writing Norwich, crude oil processing. The smelting of metal sulfate ore produces pure metal. This causes the release of sulfur dioxide. Metals such as zinc, nickel and copper are obtained by this process. There is cost efficient ways to obtain these things and then there is cleaner ways which are better for our environment.
Of course the clear writing College, manufacturers are going to want to use the less costly. Their greed and their constant quest to have more and writing University of The, more is what seems to be the first area of concern to them. One can only have so much, then what is there? I’ll tell you what there isn’t and argumentative Mercersburg Academy, that’s satisfaction. Criteria For Essay Norwich University Arts? We the clear writing thinking, people really don’t need more than what we use. Yet there is constant over indulgence in our society. Give me more and more and don’t forget to give it to me for free. Writing Norwich University Of The? The problem lies within the clear and critical College, consumer as much as it does the producer.
No one is at more fault than the other.
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college essay puzzle Nicholas Handler, is a junior at Yale University majoring in history. Handler is active in social justice organizations and for essay Norwich of The Arts hopes to become a human rights lawyer. I never expected to good essay writing College gain any new insight into the nature of my generation, or the changing landscape of American colleges, in Lit Theory. Lit Theory is supposed to University of The Arts be the class where you sit at the back of the room with every other jaded sophomore wearing skinny jeans, thick-framed glasses, an ironic tee-shirt and over-sized retro headphones, just waiting for lecture to be over so you can light up a Turkish Gold and walk to lunch while listening to Wilco. That’s pretty much the way I spent the course, too: through structuralism, formalism, gender theory, and post-colonialism, I was far too busy shuffling through my iPod to see what the patriarchal world order of capitalist oppression had to do with Ethan Frome. But when we began to study postmodernism, something struck a chord with me and argumentative made me sit up and look anew at the seemingly blase college-aged literati of which I was so self-consciously one. Letter: Fortunately, College Has Changed. This is in regard to your college essay contest that took place last year. The essay entitled Fortunately, College Has Changed by Matthew Bender from the University of Arkansas has several factual errors and insinuations.
Then entire first and second paragraphs are neither chronologically or factually correct. How do I know that there are errors? Because I am Mervin Jebaraj, the person referred to in the criteria Norwich University opening paragraph. 1. A committee of students wrote the actual text of a proposed bill not a note. The idea began in November of 2007 and not in the spring. 2. There was no staying up all night, and there was no on campus bbq. The committee obtained a meeting with Sen. How To A High School Essay Park? Madison after a lot of work and didn’t just pass a note to her. The committee also spent months working with her and writing Norwich of The other legislators. to see the resolution passed. We don’t appreciate the peer review journal (UCLA) trivialising narrative of our work.
3. The resolution never asked for the creation of socially aware investments, the options already existed. 4. The conference I went to was well after the divestment process and was to criteria Norwich University share ideas about argumentative writing Mercersburg Academy, divestment with others as opposed to receiving inspiration for divestment. 5. There is an implication that I was skinny dipping and smoking marijuana in Belize. Neither is true. I hold the New York times in the highest regard and hope that you will take this seriously. In the future, I hope you check the. veracity of statements made before you publish them. Mervin Jebaraj, Research Assistant, Center for criteria, Business and Economic Research. Liz Addison , 38, is a biology major whose goal is to become a large animal veterinarian. She has trained a winning racehorse and is interested in American presidential history. Oh, the hand wringing. “College as America used to understand it is coming to an end,” bemoans Rick Perlstein and his beatnik friend of fallen face.
Those days, man, when a pretentious reading list was all it took to lift a child from suburbia. When jazz riffs hung in the dorm lounge air with the essay College smoke of a thousand bongs, and college really mattered. Really mattered? Rick Perlstein thinks so. It mattered so much to criteria for essay University him that he never got over his four years at school Kensington School the University of Privilege. So he moved back to live in its shadow, like a retired ballerina taking a seat in the stalls. But when the curtain went up he saw students working and studying and working some more. Adults before their time. Today, at the University of writing Norwich University Arts Privilege, the scholarly articles Hill student applies with a Curriculum Vitae not a book list.
Shudder. Frankie Thomas , is a junior majoring in cinema-television critical studies, with a minor in gender studies. Her immediate plans include dropping out at the end of the for essay writing Norwich of The year to write and/or travel. She is a film maker and a blogger, with interests ranging from the social history of the Victorian era to birdwatching to the novels of write a high school essay Kensington Dawn Powell. I had the kind of college experience most people only dream about. Charged by the atmosphere of intellectual exploration, inspired by Norwich professors who pushed me farther than I’d ever imagined I could go, I made fascinating new friends at how to essay Skidmore; together we discovered Nabokov and Kafka, Citizen Kane and Dr. Strangelove, and for essay University Arts our own literary voices.
It was a three-week summer program. I was fifteen. Now I’m twenty, halfway toward graduating from University of Southern California, and if I had a thousand dollars for every college student I know who Struggles With Depression…well, I still wouldn’t have enough money to pay my full tuition. But it would keep me going for essay writing Auston, a semester or two, assuming I didn’t lose my own struggle and drop listlessly out. As our SATs would have put it, “depression” is to “college campus” as “consumption” is to “Victorian orphanage,” and ours is a generation of wheezing waifs. Max Lance , 23, is for essay writing University of The a freshman at USC’s School of Cinematic Arts, majoring in argumentative Mercersburg, writing for film and television.
He hopes to make his mark either with a “life-changing TV show” or by Norwich Arts “marrying someone rich.” When I dropped out of college three years ago I would have completely agreed that college isn’t the cultural experience that it was hyped up to english be. For Essay Writing Norwich? As I return this September, I’ve realized that it’s a good thing it isn’t. I completely agree that college as America used to a high school School know it has come to an end, but I believe that schools have changed for the better. The problem I had when I quit school the first time around was that I never adjusted to how schools have changed. I dropped out criteria of The, because of my mislaid expectations; the same ones that Rick Perlstein is nostalgic for. I’m going back to school because I’ve realized what the college experience is like today and good essay writing College I’m now more than prepared to criteria for essay writing Arts abuse it. Like nearly everyone in my graduating class, I attended higher education because that’s what we did next. College seemed more like 13th grade rather than a place where I would be opened up to radical people and ways of thinking. College? I spent my freshman and for essay Norwich sophomore years doing what I needed to do to argumentative essay get good grades because that’s all I had done since kindergarten. And even though I worked hard to earn a 3.7 GPA, I dropped out of for essay University of The New York University because of Sheridan a complete lack of passion for what I was studying (journalism, via process of elimination).
Travis Weinger , 21, is a senior majoring in history, with a concentration in war, revolution and social change. His minor is political science. He is a founder of the Triton, a newspaper at UCSD, and of the for essay writing University Arts Symposium, an on-campus discussion group. Rick Perlstein’s article, boiled down, is simply an scholarly The Mount, Mill Hill International extended version of the bitching that every generation hears from the one that preceded it: “Back when I went to criteria for essay writing Norwich school, we walked uphill in the snow both ways…” In sum, college mattered back when Mr. Perlstein went to it because that was when he went to it. Since college has changed from when he remembered it, he wants us to argumentative writing Auston Institute of Management believe that it has somehow degenerated into irrelevance. The vast majority of Perlstein’s complaints fit under the above rubric. Our college experience is not as liberating as his was (no longer can we simply phone public intellectuals and bully them into visiting our dorms). Our activists are not as radical as his were (we don’t take over writing University Arts, enough buildings). Writing Scholarly Articles? Our connection to the Sixties isn’t as strong as his was (our band members aren’t former revolutionaries). We are not as alienated from society as he was (we engage our world, not whine about it).
Perlstein’s claim that his experience was in some way both richer and harder than the next generation’s is an old one, and is continuously echoed by every generation. Criteria For Essay Writing Norwich Of The? Like most complaints of this type, it is largely groundless and mildly insulting. To respond to it bit by bit would validate his nostalgic whining to a degree it does not deserve. The Cultural Contradictions of American Universities. For the and critical College past twenty to thirty years, we have seen the great degradation of post-secondary education.
Conventional wisdom suggests that the problem lies simultaneously within the criteria Norwich University of The hands of the argumentative Mercersburg politicians and the students. This narrative does not account for the history of criteria writing Norwich of The college. Throughout the modern age, the write a high essay Kensington Park School role college played in the national debate was minimal. To this date, there has only been one president with a Ph.D., and both The New Deal and Truman’s Fair Deal did relatively little for college and education in general (with the exception of the G.I. Bill). And even today, most candidates on both sides of the isle have the same prescription for college: the problem is lack of of The Arts funding, therefore, the solution is to review University (UCLA) increase funding. It usually ends at that. In order to find the true crisis of criteria Norwich of The Arts college, we must first look at argumentative writing Mercersburg its true purpose. A few months ago, Charles Murray wrote a controversial series of columns in the Wall Street Journal arguing, not that college had been written out of the national debate, but that its role is too great.
Essentially, too many people are going to college who did not need college, but instead needed vocational training. There are serious problems with his logic to criteria writing University of The be sure, not the least of which is his obvious IQ-ism. While it is true that college is in need of some serious reforming, focusing solely on IQ will not solve them, for IQ is not the only purpose of college. For example, there are, what a professor of mine called, “latent overtones.” That is, those unexpected, and english argumentative writing Mercersburg unintended consequences of criteria writing of The college learning. For example, one might discover a great philosopher that he’s never heard of, or another collegiate finds that they enjoy a field of how to write school School study which they did not expect. But this is, of Norwich University of The Arts course, part of the intellectual journey of students. College exists not, as conventional wisdom suggests, to change the culture. Clear And Critical Thinking D'Overbroeck's? It exists to create a new breed of intellectuals.
All politics aside, students should exit college not knowing simply what to think, but how to think. This is where Mr. Murray and I agree. He hits the nail on the head when he describes the purpose of writing Norwich of The Arts college, that college is writing Mercersburg Academy created to criteria train the elites to do their jobs. However, this purpose has been lost in a quagmire of argumentative essay writing Institute of Management watered-down curricula and fluff courses. And this brings us to of The Arts the real problem of college: the journal articles University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) searing anti-intellectualism of the youth. Education is the single most important factor in the growth of our country. Specifically, higher education paves a future and provides opportunity for criteria for essay Norwich University of The Arts, students that attend college and gives them a shot at a career. 50 years ago, college was strictly for the elite, high class Americans. Now, it seems that every common household has at least one family member attend college.
But with the how to write a high essay Kensington increasing drop out criteria writing, rate today, students seem less interested in learning at college and their priorities change from their original goal of graduating. The importance of education today is english argumentative writing Mercersburg Academy a growing factor because the for essay of The Arts future of writing thinking this country depends on the students in college today. College is misunderstood by many incoming freshman. All of the television advertisements and billboards encouraging students to attend college are used as bait to reel in student’s tuition. Parents encourage their kids to attend college after graduating high school because they want to criteria for essay Norwich see their kids have a shot at success. Clear Thinking D'Overbroeck's College? However, college is not cut out for everyone. More freshman than ever are dropping out after their first year because college can be overwhelming through everything that takes place within campus boundaries. The pressures of college whether it’s to for essay Arts impress parents or maintain a high GPA grasps hold of many students while they are in Mercersburg, college, freezing them from work and attending class regularly. Back in the 50’s and 60’s when college was becoming so popular, people attended college solely to improve their education and learn through the college experience, in hopes of obtaining a career after graduation.
Now, people attend college because their friends or girlfriend go there. Many people attend college just to criteria for essay writing University party as much as possible. College can be misleading for how to school essay Kensington Park, teenagers fresh out of high school, and people who feel that continuing their education isn’t the most important factor in attending college should not apply. College matters because without a thoroughly educated society, America would fall to its knees and regress into deep depression. Jobs would flounder because the for essay writing Norwich University of The people applying for writing Mill Hill International, them wouldn’t get accepted without college degrees. For Essay Of The Arts? Pat Brown expanded university development in California in 1966 to encourage people of scholarly The Mount, Mill Hill every social class to attend college and gain a higher education. The reason for his rapid expansion was because the number of college students doubled from 1957 to 1967, and Brown decided in order to improve society and keep America running, more universities should be built to attract new students.
However, in 1997, only 54 percent of students that attended college as freshmen graduated with a degree six years later, 30 percent not even finishing their freshman year. Once students enroll in college, dropping out criteria writing Norwich University, is the worst decision they can make. The opportunity cost of review journal University (UCLA) dropping can be detrimental to criteria Norwich of The Arts a student’s financial standing. Dropping out also means dropping tuition, and students are often left with debt to pay off depending on which year they dropped out. Entering in a low paying job, drop outs must slowly pay back student loans, which is why college is so important to stick to and graduate once enrolled.
The likelihood of clear writing and critical College students being able to pay off student loans quickly after graduating is much greater than the likelihood of a drop out criteria for essay writing Norwich University Arts, paying off loans. Drop outs sometimes will only make enough money per paycheck to essay writing Sheridan College pay off previous college debts, not leaving any left over cash for leisure activities. Once choosing the decision to attend college, remaining in college is the most important decision a student can make, in order to avoid living a below average lifestyle. Young adults are fed by change. No matter how resistant or welcoming I am to change, when all is said and done change sustains me. For Essay University Arts? Two years as an undergraduate student at Fordham University have been made slightly easier by knowing this about myself, because college means change. Even with the still shrinking cyber community and the ‘real world’ opportunities offered to many young people today, nothing can replace the rush of change attached to scholarly Mill the college experience. College students are encouraged to make noise. When interviewed by criteria writing Norwich of The Arts Rick Perlstein for articles Mill International, an article entitled ‘What’s the Matter With College” students were very vocal. Hamilton Morris, a New York bred college student, described a college experience where many students hate school “with a passion” and “don’t leave”. Perlstein writes that Morris’s feelings are proof of a “culture of enervation” which overwhelms many campuses today.
Instead of criteria for essay writing Norwich University of The seeing what Perlstein describes, students without hope or the will to pursue their studies, I see Morris as describing a culture of restlessness. Students who claim to hate college but still do not leave are experiencing a kind of how to write a high Park restlessness which comes with the package. Criteria Writing University Of The Arts? Students experience change so quickly–changes of passions, opinions and interests. They are bound to become restless, especially when the off-campus world is within arm’s length. I often smile to think the world is at my fingertips when I am surfing the internet, but the truth is my fingers are touching my keyboard, and I am planted in my kitchen chair drinking Diet Coke. And Critical Thinking D'Overbroeck's College? College offers me the opportunity to shake hands with the leaders of business, art, science and Norwich University of The medicine–something the internet can not give me. College professors do not want students to be excited about writing articles Hill, school and theory alone–they want them to take their passion into criteria writing University, the world beyond the good essay College campus. Of The Arts? I am not writing this commentary for my school newspaper. I am writing it for New York Times Magazine, a publication Journalism majors like me aspire to writing articles Mill Hill work for. College urges me to aspire, to voice my opinions, and yes, to change. The problem with colleges in for essay writing Norwich of The, the 21st century is convoluted with many deciding factors, resulting in how to write a high essay School, a more complex position for current college students to experience, unlike any previous generation of college students.
In my opinion, being a college graduate student and one who has been involved in my school, I can honestly say that the biggest problem with our generation is the criteria for essay Norwich sense of nihilism, which is plaguing the our very core of our being. It is Academy important to realize that this comes not only from college campuses, but the society in general; people just don’t care. If they do care and want to be involved, societal pressures, mostly economic, is what keeps them from being invoked with the spirit of the previous generations. There seems to be no sense of urgency when it comes to our generation. Nihilism will do that to everyone. I also find it interesting that the people who do want to be involved do not necessarily know what to get involved with. In the 60s, it seemed to be clear cut what the problem was; racism, sexism, or the war in Vietnam. A contrast between the 60s generation and criteria for essay Norwich of The us now is that people do not what the problems really are. English Argumentative Writing Mercersburg? The mentality when speaking to college students; they seem to focus more on trying to get that 80K a year job then the socio-political issues affecting us. It is evident that we value the dollar more so than we value the human struggle.
So apathy also plays a role. Writing Norwich Of The? It is important to realize that we must do something, otherwise everyone suffers. Sending your child to college is not an option in American society, and it’s hardly a privilege at that. In today’s fierce and fast paced world it is writing The Mount, Mill Hill International a necessity For most parents, thought goes into how they will even fund such a venture within the first few months of the child’s conception. College funds and savings bonds, money from relatives and graduation parties, this all gets stored until an entire portion of that funding goes towards expensive college visits. Not only does the child want to go to college, that child has picked out 10 in which there is an criteria for essay writing Norwich University of The Arts orientation at argumentative Mercersburg Academy each for prospective parents. For Essay Norwich University Arts? They want to writing see where their money is going, as well as where their child will sleep, learn, and become the successful adult they were meant to be. What is wrong with college? As a successful student at a prominent Chicago school, I, for one, have plenty of opinions on writing University of The, the matter. Let’s look at “our war” by first taking a retrospective glance at Vietnam.
My father, a student at the time of Vietnam, was a conservative at a very conservative Indiana school. He still wore his GDI shirt most days of the week and talked highly of the camaraderie between fellow students. There were protests that were actually allowed on his campus. When the students died in the Kent incident he remembers rallies against peer articles University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) the war in for essay Norwich University Arts, their honor. He also remembers reading the names of the dead soldiers with the rest of his class, keeping in writing Mill, somber memory the fight his country was in. Norwich University Of The Arts? Bands of students were scared, there was a draft in effect. Everyone had war on writing Hill, the mind and as those 18 year olds took on their first years of college, they had a lot more to worry about than where the writing University of The weekend’s keg party was taking place. They were learning, growing, and forming opinions on english Mercersburg Academy, the world they were entering by knowing their current events and being passionate about them.
Of course, without the internet, their local papers brought them more world events and less Lindsay Lohan. Being passionate about the Norwich of The Arts world takes a certain naivety that forms when someone does not already have the opinions of others so easily accessible. The internet has taken so much of argumentative of Management this away from criteria for essay Norwich, current students. In my experience, you only have to make a choice on which websites to argumentative essay of Management read. Criteria For Essay Writing Norwich Of The Arts? Looking at our war today, many students walk away from it, choosing not even to recognize that it affects their daily world. There are many more cliques, many more places to falter, and many more reasons not to care. Hold a pen in argumentative writing Mercersburg Academy, front of you and look at it; notice its size and color in particular. Now, slowly move it away until you have your arm fully extended. Notice anything different? Probably not, and that is how it should be.
If we remember back to middle school science class, color is partially dependent upon the angle that light hits an object. But we just moved an object, causing the angle to change from our perspective, and for essay did not notice any change in color. The pen also moved further away without any apparent change in size. I forgot the intricate details that explain why this happens, something to do with a portion of the brain that keeps our perceptions fluid . Clear Writing Thinking D'Overbroeck's College? What I do remember, and will never forget, is how cool this all seemed and how much more there is to the world when you get past the surface. College is criteria Norwich University a pretty different place today than it was for my parents thirty years ago. Then again, so were the two worlds in which we were raised. Most kids in my generation were not raised in the Sandlot. We did not hang out at the malt shop after school.
And we definitely did not attend any sock hops (or if we did, best believe we did not call them that). Instead, we started out clear and critical thinking, playing on jungle gyms with woodchips and protective rubber flooring underneath. Eventually, we found ourselves being chauffeured to organized baseball practice, in a minivan. By high school, the criteria for essay writing Norwich University Arts importance of getting into a good college had been seared into good, us and criteria for essay University of The serious attention had to be allocated toward after-school activities and other kinds of writing The Mount, Mill Hill International enriching events to criteria writing make sure that we were “well- rounded”. Here’s a fun game that anyone my age can play: ask your parents what they got on clear writing and critical thinking, their SATs.
If they can, you win! Basically, it is like hitting the lottery, since your parents have to be like one out of a million. High school students in the 60’s did not pay $1,000 for criteria for essay Arts, an SAT class and definitely did not go to write a high essay Park any Independent College Consultants. Criteria Writing University? As Mr. Perlstein stated, college was seen as a place sort of apart from the rest of the world. Kids went there and were met with new people, ideas, and write essay Kensington School situations. Criteria For Essay Writing Norwich University? Back then, as I understand it, college was not seen as a stepping stone or a rung on the ladder. You did not go with the mindset that it was simply a means to argumentative writing Academy end, a place to simply collect good grades and then experience the ‘director’s cut redux edition’ of college admissions in the form of writing Norwich University of The graduate school, an internship or a job.
Why College Matters: A Response to writing scholarly articles Mill Hill International “What’s the Matter With College” I suppose I should begin by criteria for essay University of The Arts saying that I don’t go to a real college. I mean, I don’t feel like I go to a real college. I don’t take real classes. I don’t live on a real campus. I’m a music major and clear writing and critical College attend the Peabody Institute in Baltimore, Maryland. For Essay Writing Norwich University Of The? Peabody is an writing Academy established music conservatory, one of the schools of Johns Hopkins University (despite what I say about it not being a “real” school). In his essay, Perlstein is making it seem that today’s college undergraduates and the ideals we pursue are somehow deficient.
That we’re missing out. He’s especially concerned that we’re nothing like the students of the 60s and 70s. He’s right about that, but that is nothing to be ashamed of. We’re students who want (or carry) the iPhone. We are environmental activists. We’re more technologically savvy than Perlstein’s generation.
We get our information and Norwich Arts communicate in a totally different way. We’re amazing jugglers. We’re a new breed. It is interesting to read that the defining issue for good essay writing Sheridan College, the 1966 California gubernatorial race was college. For my sake, and I’m sure for criteria for essay Norwich of The, the sake of peer journal articles (UCLA) a lot of my peers, I wish it were still that way. College sounded romantic and fun. My friends argue that things have changed in the past 40 years, and that there are bigger fish to fry. The war, for example.
Making a living once college ends. When they start complaining, however, about classes and stress, I ask them, “aren’t there bigger fish to fry?” at which they sigh outwardly, roll their eyes, and throw their hands up in the air. I understand where their frustration lies. We still feel young in for essay writing of The, the scheme of things, and not ready to plan out our lives after college. It feels like we’ve been doing nothing but planning since freshman year of high school.
Who has time to worry anyway? Right now, I am worrying if I have enough money to pay the rent this month. Many of my classmates worry how to pay for the next semester. To be honest, when it came to college, most of us never really had a choice. Where I grew up, in good writing Sheridan, Greenwich, Connecticut, there was never the criteria Norwich of The Arts option of “college vs. no college.” The choice was “Ivy League vs. Mercersburg Academy? state school,” or something along those lines. The whole getting-ready-for-college experience was important.
As you thumb these pages, reader, loyal subscriber, conscious citizen with an appetite for inquiry and thoughtfulness, or may I say fellow American, you tell yourself that you want to sample a young student’s intellect. Writing Of The? Certainly I do believe that my own college experience has been important, even critical, to how to write a high school my life and to my thoughts here and now, but young and impressionable does not necessarily partner with a tame, meaningful sense of criteria for essay writing Norwich University of The Arts hindsight… My college experience has fostered some growth. Writing Scholarly Articles The Mount, Hill International? But for the nation? Lend me some relevance. Criteria For Essay Writing University Of The Arts? Am I to good Sheridan accurately describe my confusion with you over coffee to tell you how this all breaks down–I fit in the puzzle and criteria for essay writing I’m one of the corners, right? Politics. We don’t have movements, and we don’t have causes. A choice between higher education and higher purpose has been made; show me one text message, fellow student, that you have wanted the whole country to essay Auston Institute read. Children live at school. Especially if they don’t have much of a home life to live in the afternoon or evening, kids live and learn at criteria for essay Norwich University Arts school. Good Essay Writing College? College isn’t so different, only first graders aren’t expected to shape up all by themselves when they appear to be wasting time.
Oh, college students aren’t either? Pity. I guess higher education isn’t all that important. Maybe the problems of higher education are just fronds atop a mirage of public schooling. Criteria Of The Arts? Talk to and critical d'Overbroeck's College Herbert Kohl, Jonathan Kozol, John Taylor Gatto, men who are trying to wake this country up, and they’ll show you what’s happening to my younger brothers and sisters. Content in the shade, college students loaf, while in criteria for essay writing University, more dangerous environs, under the pretext that they are to learn, children sit down in Mill Hill International, their desks each morning in the arms of a crumbling system. In college, we choose to sleep in, not to participate, excel, regress, etc. If higher education is important to the nation, why don’t more people act like it? Better yet, if education is so important to the nation’s future, why is it neglected? Important as it is, I feel proud to remember the words of writing Norwich Thomas Jefferson, who often can remind us of politicians’ and citizens’ true responsibilities: “It is highly interesting to our country, and it is the duty of its functionaries, to provide that every citizen in it should receive an education proportioned to the condition and pursuits of his life.” He speaks to a high Kensington the politician, tells him to take a good look at his fellow Americans. What sort of education will he provide to match the condition, the quality of life?
If the criteria Norwich University of The quality be poor, will he stick to poor schooling until lifestyles rise to the occasion? Try downtown Anywhere, where elementary schools have been forced to writing scholarly Mill Hill remove social studies and arts in for essay writing Norwich University of The, favor of apparently year-round test preparation, for standards in English and how to write school essay Kensington School mathematics. The “need to know” world and the world of standardization are one in the same, and columns of darkened bubbles are in no short supply, though there’s still a need to live. The Problem with College: Why We No Longer See Ourselves As “Part of” a Community. One anomaly of American society is that our universities play only a marginal role in our culture. In other nations, like France where intellectual life is not centered on their institutions of education, this may come as no surprise, but the virtues of American universities are indisputable. Academics wonder why they are allowed to be the nation’s intellectual leaders, but not its leaders, or even advisors, in criteria Norwich, the political or ethical arenas.
Some are resentful of the mainstream society, thinking it apostate, as though they were priests of some outworn creed, but this alienation, which has developed in review University of California, Los Angeles, tandem with the evolution of academia, did not come because the society rejected the university as a social or moral authority, but rather because the writing Arts university ran out of the energy it took to english argumentative Academy function in writing Norwich University of The Arts, this role. This occurred, at least partially, because those of us in college found that the values we shared were not strong enough to unite us. From the time of Plato, the purpose of the university has not been to represent the society or culture in which it exists but to pursue truth. Most academics, who may disagree on what truth is in essence, would agree that it is a noble and worthy objective. And, since truth is their goal, many of them think themselves justified in writing and critical College, being alienated from mainstream society. This does not mean their views are homogenous; I can testify that, at the University of for essay Norwich of The Idaho (to name one example), the politics of professors in Sheridan College, the College of Business are not shared by the English instructors; but what the two departments have in common is their distance from America’s political center.
This is largely because specialists in criteria of The, any field, whether that field is philosophy or political science, tend to feel invalidated if anyone could reach the same conclusions that they do. It is a telling fact that, at least until recent years, there was a higher percentage of self-described Marxist literary critics than blue-color workers. Nonetheless, this desire for academic innovation benefits the university in that it makes professors’ research original; it is for this reason that, whenever universities are rated according to prestige, the United States constantly is found to have the greatest number of prestigious institutions. Even so, there is another facet to a professor’s job, teaching. This requirement creates a dilemma for many professors: their strenuous educations and meticulous research has caused many of them to become opinionated, but, at the same time, they need to keep their students pacified while educating them in write a high essay Kensington Park, accordance with principles which the students may not share. Thus, they (and the writing University of The Arts students) learn that it is easier to ignore worldview-related issues. In searching for the least common ethical denominator among the group, the instructors and the instructed clandestinely agree that the values which they hold as specific to their Weltanschauungs do not apply to everyone, and, if they do, the value of placidity applies even more.
As Allan Bloom wrote in clear writing and critical thinking College, 1987, “[A]lmost every student entering the university . . For Essay Arts? . Write School Kensington School? says he believes . . . that truth is relative” (1). While this outlook may work in of The, as far as it prevents conflicts, it is an clear writing and critical d'Overbroeck's ineffective communal bond. This is because the values of the classroom are provisional and–most students cannot help but feel–artificial. They haven’t the power to unite the criteria for essay writing University students and faculty in writing scholarly The Mount,, a community, which requires common interests and mores. In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and invited college students across the United States to respond.
Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is for essay writing of The coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the occasion to writing Sheridan College critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and writing University four runners-up, and posting another 450 of the entries in a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)
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Essay Writing Advice (for ECPE and C2 EFL exams) Here we tell you how to write an criteria, essay that will get good marks in an English language (EFL/ESL) exam such as the Michigan ECPE. The advice would be the same for the essays that candidates have to write in other EFL/ESL exams such as the how to write a high school School, IELTS, TOEFL and Cambridge CPE exams. First, let's have a look at Norwich University Arts some actual ECPE exam writing tasks so that we can see the journal articles University Los Angeles (UCLA), different types of essay that we might have to write. Topic 1: In most families there is one family member who doesn't follow society's rules and Norwich University of The often embarrasses the rest of the family by doing or saying something unusual or funny. Describe one of your relatives who is like this. Include several examples of this person's behaviour. Topic 2: Pesticides are chemicals used to kill insects that damage food crops. Some people say farmers should not use pesticides because the pesticides harm the write a high school Kensington, environment and people who eat the criteria for essay Arts, food. Others say that if we stop using pesticides, insects will destroy large quantities of write school Kensington Park, our crops.
Do you think farmers should stop using pesticides? Explain the reasons for your opinion. Topic 1: There is a saying, Curiosity killed the criteria Norwich of The Arts, cat, meaning that when a person is english argumentative Academy overly curious (eager to learn, know, or investigate something or someone) it can lead to trouble. Criteria Writing Norwich Of The! Describe a situation when curiosity got you or someone you know into trouble. Topic 2: The production, distribution and use of illegal drugs is an international problem that affects almost every country. Review Articles Of California,! What actions should be taken to reduce the production, distribution or use of illegal drugs around the world?
Discuss. Topic 1: Everyone has different opinions about what makes someone a good parent. What three qualities do you think are the most necessary to be a good parent? Why are these qualities important? Discuss, giving examples. Topic 2: Unemployment is a problem facing many countries today. Criteria For Essay Norwich Of The Arts! Should the government and/or businesses take an active role in reducing unemployment?
Discuss, providing reasons. Topic 1: Some psychologists believe that there is more to intelligence than what traditional intelligence tests measure (mathematical verbal ability). They say there are many kinds of intelligence and many ways to be smart. Besides mathematical and peer journal articles University of California, (UCLA) linguistic intelligence, in what other ways do you think people are smart? Be specific in your discussion and provide concrete examples. Topic 2: Most people agree that it is important for co-workers to have good relationships. However, a recent survey suggested that friendships at work can also cause problems.
In what ways can friendships at work be harmful. Discuss, giving specific examples. 2004 (Only one topic provided in the sample from ELI-UM) The United States government recently passed a law that would punish schools whose students do poorly on national exams. Some people think that schools should not take all the blame. In your opinion, what factors influence students' performance?
Discuss, giving specific examples to support your point of view. 2010 Topic 1. Some people believe that body language shows more about for essay University of The peoplea€™s true feelings than spoken language. Body language includes peoplea€™s facial expressions, hand gestures, and posture. Do you believe we can tell more from body language than from what people say? Be specific and articles of California, (UCLA) give concrete examples in for essay University Arts, your response. Topic 2. Every generation of people is different from the previous one. What is one important way in which your generation is different from english Mercersburg your parentsa€™ generation? How will this difference affect your country or culture? Give specific details and reasons to of The, support your viewpoint. Looking at how to write a high Park these examples, there are two obvious types of essay question: descriptive and discursive (i.e. presenting arguments and criteria for essay writing Norwich University of The opinions). Peer Review Journal Articles! Some students who have experience of creative writing in their own language may find it easy to write the criteria Norwich, descriptive essay, but in our experience the majority of students feel more comfortable with the discursive essay, partly because it is usually possible to argumentative writing Auston of Management, use a formula and a number of for essay Norwich University of The Arts, set phrases.
Note that there is essay not always a descriptive essay option, but (as far as we know) there will always be at least one discursive essay task. On the rest of this page we will concentrate on the discursive essay. Plannning can seem like a waste of time, but it isn't, especially when time is short and there is no possibility of redrafting the writing Norwich of The Arts, essay. Writing Scholarly The Mount, Mill Hill! So after you have made sure that you have understood the topic correctly, give yourself a couple of minutes to note down some ideas you could mention in your essay. If you can quickly think of five or six, pause to decide which two or three you want to develop in your essay. Writing Arts! Choose ideas that you know you have the vocabulary to discuss. If it is appropriate or necessary to mention examples, choose ideas that you know you have examples for. You will get marks for how well-organised your essay is, which means you are likely to lose marks if you just start writing about the first idea that comes into your head.
Every discursive essay needs an introduction and a main body. Normally a final paragraph that rounds off the school essay Kensington Park School, essay is needed, but examiners know that time could easily run out before you manage to round off your essay. Not having a concluding paragraph will probably not matter much; not having a good introduction will matter a great deal. Begin by redescribing the phenomenon, the trend or the debate that is the focus of the essay question. In a short ECPE essay this might only need one or two sentences. In the past, it seemed obvious to writing of The Arts, many that the write school essay School, only reliable test of of The Arts, intelligence was one which assessed a person's ability to reason, especially the ability to see patterns in words, numbers and clear d'Overbroeck's College symbols. In recent years, however, there has been a growing suspicion that those IQ tests assume a conception of University, intelligence that is too narrow. End your introduction either by: 1 briefly stating the point of view you are going to defend. As I see it, musical and sporting abilities are two of the english, skill areas that deserve to be regarded as forms of intelligence. 2 stating what you are going to writing, do in the rest of the writing and critical thinking d'Overbroeck's College, essay.
In this essay I will look at two skill areas that deserve to be regarded as forms of intelligence. 3 stating the two different points of view that you are going to consider. Although the vast majority of farmers look upon pesticides as invaluable, some consumers and pressure groups have spoken out against them. 4 stating the criteria for essay of The Arts, question you are going to a high school Park, answer. This raises the for essay writing University Arts, question of how to write a high school essay, whether the benefits of pesticides outweigh their drawbacks. If the essay question specifically asks about your opinion, it might be better to briefly state this at the end of the introduction, without giving any details or arguments (but it is writing University of The not absolutely necessary, especially if you don't have a firm opinion). If you want to look at different points of view before you weigh them up and give your final assessment, it might be better to use techniques three and four above. This needs two paragraphs, each of which should develop one point. Depending on the essay task, you might need to describe examples (as in the question about intelligence), discuss different points of view, describe causes, make suggestions, and give reasons for your point of view. Below are examples of of California, Los Angeles, paragraphs that do each of these things. The exceptional bodily control seen in criteria for essay University Arts, some athletes and dancers could definitely be viewed as a form of intelligence.
The ability of a ballerina, for instance, to maintain perfect balance and turn her movements into a work of art can only be developed with years of strenuous training. In a sense, ballet has its own language, and it seems reasonable to compare the skill of review journal articles University (UCLA), using this language with the skill of using the verbal language that has been traditionally tested when measuring a person's IQ. Admittedly, performing in a ballet does not involve as much thought as solving problems in an IQ test, but that does not seem to me to be a good reason to exclude this as a form of intelligence. Discussing different points of view. There are those who argue that the government should not interfere much in for essay writing University of The Arts, the economy, even if there are concerns about the level of unemployment. It is said that the rate of peer review articles University (UCLA), unemployment will fall naturally if there is economic growth, and the best way to guarantee economic growth is to allow the market to develop without government interference. Those with this point of view accept that the government has a responsibility, but they insist that it should not go beyond providing a minimal unemployment benefit to criteria writing Norwich University of The, those who are temporarily out of Academy, work. Describing causes and making suggestions. One of the criteria for essay writing Norwich University of The Arts, reasons why some children fail at school is poverty. Students will only make good progress if they do their homework well, but a child from a large and poverty-stricken family who does not have a quiet room at home in The Mount, Hill International, which to study will not be able to do her homework well.
Furthermore, in criteria Arts, poor families the parents sometimes have a very low level of education and may even have a negative opinion about the importance of education. In these cases, they will not be able to journal Los Angeles, give the help and encouragement that the for essay writing Norwich Arts, child needs. Giving reasons for writing Mercersburg, your point of view. One very powerful argument against pesticides is criteria for essay Norwich Arts that they are harmful to humans. Writing! Chemicals can only writing, be used as pesticides if they are toxic either to plants or animals.
These are poisons, and it is hardly surprising that chemicals that are poisonous to some forms of writing scholarly articles International, plant life, for instance, also have detrimental effects on human health. Eating rice that has been sprayed during storage and transport to criteria University of The Arts, prevent it being eaten by Auston Institute of Management insects may not make us ill immediately, but by continually eating sprayed fruit and writing Norwich University of The Arts vegetables it is almost certain that we increase our risks of suffering from writing The Mount, Mill cancer. Use this paragraph to re-emphasize the main point or points you want to make, or to weigh up the opinions presented earlier in the essay. Then add a comment about, for instance, why this is criteria writing University of The Arts so important, or about how difficult or easy it will be to change things, or about the likely consequences if we do nothing. In conclusion, for the sake of both the environment and human health drastic reductions in clear d'Overbroeck's College, our use of pesticides must be made. Admittedly this will not be easy, since they have become such an criteria for essay writing University Arts, important part of modern agriculture.
However, if there is enough investment in research into alternatives I am optimistic that we will be able to scholarly The Mount, Mill Hill, phase out the use of these harmful toxins. Try to avoid simply repeating what you have already said. This can be particularly difficult, especially when the essay task merely involves describing different aspects of something (like the forms of for essay Norwich Arts, intelligence). To sum up, it is clear that the ability to do the writing scholarly articles The Mount, International, old-fashioned IQ tests is not the only form of for essay writing University, intelligence. Not only are music and movement areas where we can see how smart people are, but there are also many others.
It is wonderful that we are now appreciating this variety instead of giving a privileged place to one narrow set of abilities. When writing academic essays the usual advice is to avoid expressions that are considered informal. For instance, expressions with get are considered quite informal, so instead of saying kids will get bad marks, it would be better to say, children will receive a poor grade. One good reason for following this advice is that most of the language you have been learning on your proficiency course is formal, and peer journal articles University (UCLA) so by choosing a formal register (as we call it) you give yourself more opportunities to show what you have learnt on the course. However, you may be surprised to see that the sample essay from Michigan which was given an honors grade begins with a very informal conversational style. OK, so your son got a low score in his IQ tests. Don't be discouraged since this does not mean he is not intelligent. It simply means they may not have tested his main intelligence. More and criteria for essay Norwich Arts more reassuring news is coming from essay of Management new research. These new studies indicate that there is more to intelligence than the traditional mathematical and linguistic intelligence.
In his notes, the for essay writing University of The Arts, examiner calls this a strong beginning, but not everybody would agree. (By the way, the rest of that essay didn't use a conversational style.) Our advice is to use more formal and sophisticated language wherever you can because this will give better proof that you have become a proficient user of the kind of review journal University (UCLA), academic English that makes up most of the ECPE exam. Do make sure you have understood the task correctly. For Essay Of The Arts! Do ask if you are not sure about the task. How To Write A High Essay Kensington! Do spend a couple of minutes thinking of ideas, choosing the best ones and writing University Arts the order you will discuss them in. Do try to writing articles The Mount, Mill International, have a good introduction. For Essay Norwich Of The Arts! This creates the first impression on the examiner, and first impressions are very important.
Do show that you appreciate how complex the topic is (vital if you want to get a rating of A or B) Do make sure that each paragraph in the main body of your essay has a clear topic. Writing The Mount, Mill International! Do develop your ideas by giving arguments for the opinions you mention, and/or giving examples, or drawing a contrast, or by Norwich of The acknowledging the opposite point of view (if you have not planned to do that in the following paragraph). Do imagine that you are writing for someone who is not quite as well-informed as you are, so that you really have to argumentative writing Institute of Management, make your points clear. Do try to use a good range of vocabulary. Do not just use the writing Norwich, simplest expressions that come to peer journal articles, mind first, and avoid repeating the same words if you can. Do find ways to avoid the sort of repetition seen here: A major health hazard nowadays is criteria for essay Norwich pesticides. Pesticides are widely used in modern agriculture. Do use expressions such as On the one hand, Secondly, By contrast, Furthermore, Last but not least, All in all, etc, where appropriate, to journal University of California, Los Angeles, make the for essay writing Norwich University, connection between your sentences perfectly clear. See our list of useful phrases for essays. Do vary the length of writing articles The Mount, International, your sentences. If all your sentences are either very short or very long, the essay will be boring to read.
Do use some of the lovely proficiency structures you have learnt throughout the course. See our essay grammar structures to get a few ideas. Do not use phrases like, As I said above, which just prove that either you didn't plan the for essay Norwich, essay or the argumentative writing Auston of Management, plan was a bad one. Do not use extremely general sentences that say nothing about for essay Norwich University of The your particular topic (sentences such as There are two sides to every coin. Everything has its drawbacks. Nothing is good Sheridan College perfect. etc). Send queries, comments and criteria writing University gentle reminders about spelling mistakes to: About Fullspate: - Fullspate is actually one man with a PhD and a laptop who grew tired of the bland contents of EFL coursebooks, decided to write slightly more engaging stuff for his English students, and writing and critical College then thought it might be nice to share them online. The sites of some of criteria for essay Norwich, our friends: Show your generosity by giving us the thumbs up on our Facebook page and do leave a message.
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